| Abadir_Umar_Ar-Rida | Somali_people | Sheekhaal | Harar | Somali_aristocratic_and_court_titles | Harari_people | Siddiqis_in_the_Horn_of_Africa | Islam_in_Ethiopia | Siddiqui | List_of_Somalis | Sheikh | Umar_(name) | Sheikh_Muhammad_Rashid_Bilal | Qallu | Turban |
|Abadir Umar Ar-Rida
أبادير عمر بن رضا
|Born||Hijaz, Saudi Arabia|
Sheikh Abadir Umar Ar-Rida (Somali: Abaadir Umar Ar-Rida, Arabic: أبادير عمر بن رضا), also known as Fiqi Umar and Abadir Musa Warwaje'le, was a 13th-century Muslim cleric and patron saint of the city of Harar in modern-day eastern Ethiopia. He is regarded as the immediate common ancestor of the Somali Sheekhaal clan and the Harari people.
Ar-Rida is the main figure in the Fath Madinat Harar, an unpublished history of the city of Harar in the 13th century. According to the account, Ar-Rida, along with several other saints, came from the Hijaz region of present-day Saudi Arabia to Harar in 612H (1216 AD). He was subsequently appointed Sheikh by the town's residents.. He married a Harari woman.
In the following years, Sheikh Ar-Rida fought several battles against citation needed]
The Somali Sheekhaal clan trace descent to Sheikh Ar-Rida, also known as Fiqi Umar. Ar-Rida in turn traced his lineage to the first caliph, Abu Bakr (Sayid Abubakar Al-Sadiq). According to the explorer Richard F. Burton, Fiqi Umar crossed over from the Arabian Peninsula to the Horn of Africa ten generations prior to 1854, along with his six sons: Umar the Greater, Umar the Lesser, the two Abdillahs, Ahmad and Siddik.