ABADIR UMAR AR-RIDA




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Abadir Umar Ar-Rida


Abadir Umar Ar-Rida
أبادير عمر بن رضا
Abadir Omar Al-Rida.jpg
Born Hijaz, Saudi Arabia
Died Harar, Ethiopia
Ethnicity Arab
Occupation cleric
Title Sheikh

Sheikh Abadir Umar Ar-Rida (Somali: Abaadir Umar Ar-Rida, Arabic: أبادير عمر بن رضا‎), also known as Fiqi Umar and Abadir Musa Warwaje'le,[1] was a 13th-century Muslim cleric and patron saint of the city of Harar in modern-day eastern Ethiopia. He is regarded as the immediate common ancestor of the Somali Sheekhaal clan and the Harari people.


Abadir Umar Ar-Rida History


Ar-Rida is the main figure in the Fath Madinat Harar, an unpublished history of the city of Harar in the 13th century. According to the account, Ar-Rida, along with several other saints, came from the Hijaz region of present-day Saudi Arabia to Harar in 612H (1216 AD).[2] He was subsequently appointed Sheikh by the town's residents.[citation needed]. He married a Harari woman.[1]

In the following years, Sheikh Ar-Rida fought several battles against citation needed]


Abadir Umar Ar-Rida Descendants


The Somali Sheekhaal clan trace descent to Sheikh Ar-Rida, also known as Fiqi Umar.[3] Ar-Rida in turn traced his lineage to the first caliph, Abu Bakr (Sayid Abubakar Al-Sadiq).[3] According to the explorer Richard F. Burton, Fiqi Umar crossed over from the Arabian Peninsula to the Horn of Africa ten generations prior to 1854, along with his six sons: Umar the Greater, Umar the Lesser, the two Abdillahs, Ahmad and Siddik.[3]


Abadir Umar Ar-Rida Legacy


Sheikh Ar-Rida's tomb in Harar is a popular place of pilgrimage. Songs in veneration of him are also still sung in the city.[citation needed]


Abadir Umar Ar-Rida See also



Abadir Umar Ar-Rida Notes


  1. ^ a b Emir Sheikh Abadir Musa Warwaje’le
  2. ^ Siegbert Uhlig, Encyclopaedia Aethiopica: He-N, Volume 3, (Otto Harrassowitz Verlag: 2007), pp.111 & 319.
  3. ^ a b c Burton, Richard (1856). First Footsteps in East Africa. pp. 279–280. "The Shaykhash, or "Reverend" as the term means, are the only Somal of the mountains not derived from Dir and Darud. Claiming descent from the Caliph Abubakr, they assert that ten generations ago, one Ao Khutab bin Fakih Umar crossed over from El Hejaz, and settled in Eastern Africa with his six sons, Umar the greater, Umar the less, two Abdillahs, Ahmed, and lastly Siddik." 

Abadir Umar Ar-Rida References


  • Michael Belaynesh, Stanisław Chojnacki, Richard Pankhurst, The Dictionary of Ethiopian Biography: From early times to the end of the Zagwé dynasty c. 1270 A.D, (Institute of Ethiopian Studies, Addis Ababa University: 1975)

Abadir Umar Ar-Rida External links




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