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|Istanbul Atatürk Airport
İstanbul Atatürk Havalimanı
|IATA: IST – ICAO: LTBA|
|Owner||General Directorate of State Airports|
|Operator||TAV Airports Holding|
|Elevation AMSL||163 ft / 50 m|
|Source: AIP Turkey|
Istanbul Atatürk Airport (IATA: IST, ICAO: LTBA) (Turkish: İstanbul Atatürk Havalimanı) is the main international airport serving Istanbul, Turkey (followed by Sabiha Gökçen International Airport) and the biggest airport in Turkey by total number of passengers. Opened in 1924 and located in Yeşilköy, on the European side of the city, it is 24 km (15 mi) west of the city centre. In 1980, the airport was renamed Atatürk International Airport in honor of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder and first president of the Republic of Turkey. It served over 51 million passengers in 2013, making it the 17th busiest airport in the world in terms of total passenger traffic and the 10th busiest in the world in terms of international passenger traffic, ranking just below Munich Airport. It was Europe's 6th busiest airport in 2012, just below Amsterdam and Madrid.
The Turkish Chamber of Civil Engineers lists Atatürk International Airport as one of the fifty civil engineering feats in Turkey, a list of remarkable engineering projects completed in the first 50 years of the chamber's existence.
In the 2013 Air Transport News awards ceremony, İstanbul Atatürk Airport was named Airport of the Year. Also, the airport has been named Europe's Best Airport in 40-50 million passenger per year category at the 2013 Skytrax World Airport Awards.
There are several ways to travel between Atatürk International Airport and the city center.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (February 2014)|
Atatürk airport has four terminals:
Inaugurated in 2000, the new international terminal is an efficient and modern terminal. After the new terminal opened, domestic flights were moved to the old international terminal. Despite its 1960s design, this new domestic terminal can handle more passengers than the more modern but smaller previous domestic terminal.
The airport terminals have been operated by TAV (Tepe-Akfen-Ventures) since January 2000. TAV has invested US$600 million since 1998. In 2005 TAV won the concession agreement to operate Atatürk for 15.5 years at a record breaking amount of $4 billion, which also represents the highest figure for such a privatization project in Turkey, Eastern Europe, Middle East, Commonwealth of Independent States and North Africa.
TAV (Tepe-Akfen-Ventures) started its construction at the airport for new boarding gates at international terminal as well as building a new air traffic control tower. Unused facility buildings are demolished and 3 new boarding bridges are being built. When the new tower is completed, the old one will be demolished. When the international terminal is expanded, some of the jet ways will be left to the domestics terminal which are on the west of the international terminal, connected to it.
There is a plan to build another runway parallel to runway 05/23, so when the current runway undergoes reconstruction, this new runway will handle traffic. The land required to build the new runway on belongs to the military and this is being negotiated between the military and the airport. Also, there are plans to expand the length of runway 05/23 to allow larger aircraft. Wind direction is mainly from northeast and some from southwest.
operated by Olympic Air
|Athens (ends 29 March 2014)||2|
operated by Donavia
|Air Algérie||Algiers, Annaba, Oran||2|
|Air Astana||Almaty, Astana, Atyrau, Aktau||2|
|Air France||Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Paris-Orly
|Air Malta||Malta (ends 30 March 2014)||2|
|Air Transat||Seasonal: Montreal-Trudeau, Toronto-Pearson||2|
|Ariana Afghan Airlines||Kabul||2|
|Atlasjet||Adana, Antalya, Bodrum, Dalaman, Edremit, Gaziantep, Izmir, Kayseri||1|
|Atlasjet||Erbil, Ercan, Jeddah, London-Luton (begins 2 May 2014), Nizhnekamsk / Naberezhnye Chelny, Sharm el-Sheikh, Sharjah, Simferopol, Sulaymaniyah, Tehran-Imam Khomeini, Tbilisi, Yerevan||2|
operated by Tyrolean Airways
|Azmar Airlines||Charter: Sulaymaniyah||2|
|Buraq Air||Benghazi, Tripoli||2|
|Caspian Airlines||Tehran-Imam Khomeini||2|
|China Southern Airlines||Ürümqi||2|
|Corendon Airlines||Charter: Amsterdam, Tehran-Imam Khomeini||2|
|Delta Air Lines||Seasonal: New York-JFK||2|
|Etihad Airways||Abu Dhabi||2|
|Freebird Airlines||Seasonal charter: Amsterdam, Barcelona, Belgrade, Berlin-Tegel, Brussels, Budapest, Cologne/Bonn, Dortmund, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Lyon, Madrid, Málaga, Marseille, Milan-Malpensa, Munich, Nantes, Oslo-Gardermoen, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Prague, Seville, Stockholm-Arlanda, Stuttgart, Toulouse, Vienna, Zurich||2|
|Iran Air||Tabriz, Tehran-Imam Khomeini||2|
|Iraqi Airways||Baghdad, Basra, Erbil||2|
|Libyan Airlines||Benghazi, Tripoli||2|
|LOT Polish Airlines||Warsaw-Chopin||2|
|Lufthansa||Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Munich||2|
|Mahan Air||Isfahan, Tehran-Imam Khomeini||2|
|Malaysia Airlines||Kuala Lumpur||2|
|Middle East Airlines||Beirut||2|
|Onur Air||Adana, Antalya, Bodrum, Dalaman, Diyarbakır, Elazığ, Erzurum, Gaziantep, Izmir, Malatya, Samsun, Trabzon||1|
|Onur Air||Dubai, Ercan, Kristiansand-Kjevik, Odessa, Urmia||2|
|Pegasus Airlines||Ankara, Bodrum, Izmir||1|
|Royal Air Maroc||Casablanca||2|
|Royal Jordanian||Amman-Queen Alia||2|
|Saudia||Jeddah, Madinah, Riyadh||2|
|SCAT||Aktau, Karaganda, Shymkent||2|
|Swiss International Air Lines||Zürich||2|
|Turkish Airlines||Adana, Adıyaman, Ağrı, Ankara, Antalya, Batman, Bingöl, Bodrum, Çanakkale, Dalaman, Denizli, Diyarbakir, Elazığ, Erzincan, Erzurum, Gaziantep, Hatay, Iğdır, Izmir, Kahramanmaraş, Kars, Kastamonu, Kayseri, Konya, Kütahya, Malatya, Mardin, Merzifon, Muş, Nevşehir, Samsun, Şanlıurfa, Şırnak, Sinop, Sivas, Trabzon, Van||1|
|Turkish Airlines||Aalborg, Abidjan, Abu Dhabi, Accra, Addis Ababa, Aden, Alexandria-Borg el Arab, Algiers, Almaty, Al Qassim, Amman-Queen Alia, Amsterdam, Aqaba, Ashgabat, Astana, Athens, Baghdad, Bahrain, Baku, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse, Basra, Batumi, Beijing-Capital, Beirut, Belgrade, Benghazi, Berlin-Tegel, Bilbao, Billund, Birmingham, Bishkek, Bologna, Boston (begins 12 May 2014), Bremen, Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Cairo, Cape Town, Casablanca, Chicago-O'Hare, Chişinău, Cologne/Bonn, Colombo, Constanța, Copenhagen, Dakar, Dammam, Dar es Salaam, Delhi, Dhaka, Djibouti, Dnipropetrovsk, Doha, Donetsk, Douala, Dubai, Dublin, Dushanbe, Düsseldorf, Edinburgh, Entebbe, Erbil, Ercan, Frankfurt, Friedrichshafen, Ganja, Geneva, Genoa, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Guangzhou, Hamburg, Hannover, Helsinki, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Houston-Intercontinental, Hurghada, Isfahan, Islamabad, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Jeddah, Johannesburg-OR Tambo, Kabul, Kano, Karachi, Kathmandu, Kazan, Kermanshah, Khartoum, Kiev-Boryspil, Kigali, Kilimanjaro, Kinshasa-N'Djili, Kuala Lumpur, Kuwait, Lagos, Lahore, Leipzig/Halle, Libreville, Lisbon, Ljubljana, London-Gatwick, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Luxembourg, Lviv, Lyon, Madinah, Madrid, Malé, Malta, Manchester, Mashhad, Marseille, Mazar-i-Sharif, Milan-Malpensa, Minsk, Misrata, Mogadishu, Mombasa, Montreal-Trudeau (begins 3 June 2014), Moscow-Vnukovo, Mosul, Mumbai, Munich, Muscat, Málaga, Nairobi-Jomo Kenyatta, Najaf, Nakhchivan, Naples, N'Djamena, New York-JFK, Niamey, Nice, Nouakchott, Novosibirsk, Nuremberg, Odessa, Osaka-Kansai, Osh, Oslo-Gardermoen, Ouagadougou, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Podgorica, Prague, Pristina, Riga, Riyadh, Rome-Fiumicino, Rostov-on-Don, Rotterdam (begins 4 March 2014), Sabha, Saint Petersburg, Salzburg, Sana'a, Santiago de Compostela, São Paulo-Guarulhos, Sarajevo, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Sharm el-Sheikh, Shiraz, Simferopol, Singapore, Skopje, Sochi, Sofia, Stockholm-Arlanda, Stuttgart, Sulaymaniyah, Tabriz, Taif, Tallinn, Tashkent, Tbilisi, Tehran-Imam Khomeini, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Thessaloniki, Tirana, Tokyo-Narita, Toronto-Pearson, Toulouse, Tripoli, Tunis, Turin, Ufa, Ulaanbaatar, Valencia, Venice-Marco Polo, Vienna, Vilnius, Warsaw-Chopin, Washington-Dulles, Yanbu, Yaoundé, Yekaterinburg, Zagreb, Zurich||2|
|Turkmenistan Airlines||Ashgabat, Turkmenbashi||2|
|Ukraine International Airlines||Donetsk, Kiev-Boryspil, Odessa, Simferopol||2|
|Air Algérie Cargo||Algiers|
|Air France Cargo||Paris-Charles de Gaulle|
|British Airways World Cargo||London-Heathrow|
operated by MNG Airlines
|FedEx Express||Paris-Charles de Gaulle|
|MNG Airlines||Almaty, Cologne/Bonn, Hahn, London-Luton, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Tripoli-Mitiga, Munich|
|MyCargo Airlines||Bahrain, Hong Kong, Lahore, New York-JFK, Singapore, Tallinn|
|Royal Jordanian Cargo||Amman|
|Qatar Airways Cargo||Doha-Hamad|
|Saudia Cargo||Jeddah, Riyadh|
|Silk Way Airlines||Baku|
|Turkish Airlines Cargo||Accra, Algiers, Almaty, Amman-Queen Alia, Ashgabat, Astana, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Beirut, Bishkek, Budapest, Cairo, Casablanca, Cologne/Bonn, Delhi, Dhaka, Dubai, Dubai-Al Maktoum, Entebbe, Erbil, Frankfurt, Guangzhou, Helsinki, Hong Kong, Islamabad, Johannesburg, Karachi, Khartoum, Kiev-Boryspil, Kuwait, Lagos, Maastricht/Aachen, Madrid, Milan-Malpensa, Minsk-National, Mumbai, Nairobi, Riyadh, Seoul-Incheon, Singapore, Stockholm-Arlanda, Tashkent, Tbilisi, Tehran, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tripoli-Mitiga, Vienna, Zürich|
|ULS Airlines Cargo||Beijing-Capital, Hong Kong, Kiev-Boryspil, Manila, Manston, Shanghai-Pudong|
|UPS Airlines||Algiers, Cologne/Bonn, Newark, Shenzhen|
|Uzbekistan Airways Cargo||Tashkent|
|Parts of this article (those related to Text in Traffic section) are outdated. (August 2013)|
Atatürk Airport still faces capacity issues; it ranks somewhere between 30th and 40th in the world by both cargo and passenger traffic, handling over 947,000 tonnes of load (cargo, freight and mail) and over 32.1 million passengers in the year 2010. The total number of passengers has doubled in the past five years, and domestic traffic has almost quadrupled (see statistics section below). Its rated capacity of 14 million international passengers per year and 10 million domestic passengers per year was barely sufficient for the demand in 2007 and 2008. The Istanbul greater metropolitan area is expected/projected to have a demand of 35 million international passengers and 25 million domestic passengers annually by the year 2015. However, introduction of the Ankara-Istanbul high-speed railway in 2013 may shift rail passenger market share from 10% to 78%. Completion of the construction of the intercity highways linking Istanbul to other cities (to Bursa, İzmir, Antalya and the Black Sea Speedway) may also decrease airport demand.
Atatürk shares traffic with Sabiha Gökçen International Airport, which is on the Anatolian (Asian) side of Istanbul, which had annual passenger traffic of just 11.1 million in 2010. The two airports both provide domestic and international service to the Istanbul area.
A third big airport (Istanbul New Airport) is being planned in order to meet Istanbul's growing domestic and international air traffic demand as a source, destination and transit point. A site in the European part on the coast of the Black Sea has already been chosen and the bidding for the TL10bn ($5.6bn) construction is to start in May 2013. Atatürk International Airport will continue operations in a lower capacity when the third airport enters into service.
IST ranked 17th in ACI statistics at the end of 2011 in terms of international traffic with almost 24 Million international passengers. It ranked 29th in the world in terms of total passenger traffic with over 37.4 Million passengers in 2011. Its total traffic within the last decade more than tripled, and its international traffic quadrupled. If the current passenger growth maintains itself, IST is expected to become one of the 25 busiest airports in the world in terms of total passenger traffic and top 15 in terms of international traffic by the end of year 2012.
Below is the passenger data for Istanbul for the years 2002–2013:
|1||Ankara||Onur Air, Turkish Airlines|
|2||İzmir||Atlasjet, Onur Air, Pegasus Airlines, Turkish Airlines|
|3||Antalya||Atlasjet, Onur Air, Turkish Airlines|
|4||Adana||Onur Air, Turkish Airlines|
|5||Diyarbakır||Onur Air, Turkish Airlines|
|6||Erzurum||Onur Air, Turkish Airlines|
|7||Trabzon||Onur Air, Turkish Airlines|
|8||Bodrum||Atlasjet, Onur Air, Turkish Airlines|
|9||Samsun||Onur Air, Turkish Airlines|
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