BANJARMASIN

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  1. Eyewitness - Artikel mengenai penganiayaan terhadap umat Kristen yang terjadi di Banjarmasin, Kalimantan Selatan. Disajikan oleh Fica-Net.
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    Banjarmasin


    Banjarmasin
    City
    Jl.Lambung Mangkurat, a street in Banjarmasin city

    Seal
    Nickname(s): Kota Seribu Sungai (Indonesian: City of Thousand Rivers)
    Motto: Kayuh Baimbai (Banjarese: 'Rowing Together')
    Banjarmasin is located in Indonesia
    Banjarmasin
    Coordinates: 3°20′S 114°35′E / 3.333°S 114.583°E / -3.333; 114.583Coordinates: 3°20′S 114°35′E / 3.333°S 114.583°E / -3.333; 114.583
    Country Indonesia
    Province South Kalimantan
    City Banjarmasin
    Subdistricts 5
    Established 25 September 1526
    Government
     • Mayor Muhidin
    Area
     • City 98.46 km2 (38.02 sq mi)
     • Metro 3,404.46 km2 (1,314.47 sq mi)
    Elevation 1 m (3 ft)
    Population (2010 Census)
     • City 625,395
     • Density 6,400/km2 (16,000/sq mi)
     • Metro 1,904,427
    Time zone WITA (UTC+8)
    Area code(s) +62 511
    Website www.banjarmasinkota.go.id

    Banjarmasin (aka Bandjermasin or Bandjarmasin) is the capital of South Kalimantan, Indonesia. It is located on a delta island near the junction of the Barito and Martapura rivers. As a result, Banjarmasin is sometimes called the "River City". Its population was 625,395 at the 2010 Census.


    Banjarmasin Economy


    Main economic sectors include transportation and communication (26.1% of the city's GDP), processing industries (24.9%) and trade and commerce (16.5%). Main processing industries are: plywood, rattan and rubber manufacturing.[citation needed]


    Banjarmasin Administration


    The city of Banjarmasin is divided into five districts (kecamatan), listed below with their population at the 2010 Census:[1]

    Name Population
    Census 2010
    Banjarmasin Selatan
    (South Banjarmasin)
    146,068
    Banjarmasin Timur
    (East Banjarmasin)
    111,912
    Banjarmasin Barat
    (West Banjarmasin)
    143,461
    Banjarmasin Tengah
    (Central Banjarmasin)
    91,700
    Banjarmasin Utara
    (North Banjarmasin)
    132,340

    Banjarmasin Infrastructure and transport


    Banjarmasin is served by the citation needed] Passenger ships and ferries to and from Java also carry their operation here.

    The city is laced with flood-prone waterways, and many houses are built on rafts or stilts over the water. The waterways are also used for travel, using relatively small rowboats (only major rivers are accessible by larger speedboats, tugboats, longboats, and barges).[citation needed]


    Banjarmasin Demographics


    96% of the population is Muslim. Other religions include Protestants, Catholics, Hindus and Buddhists.[2] The city is the home of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Banjarmasin.[citation needed]


    Banjarmasin History


    Sultan Suriansyah Mosque is the oldest mosque in Banjarmasin and the whole South Kalimantan

    [3]

    In 1787 it became a Dutch protectorate. Banjarmasin remained the region's capital until the onset of the Banjarmasin War in 1859, when the Dutch headquarters were moved to Martapura.[4]

    The Hikayat Banjar is the chronicle of Banjarmasin. This text, also called the History of Lambung Mangkurat, contains the history of the kings of Banjar and of Kota Waringin in South-east and South Borneo respectively.[citation needed]

    In 1930 the city's population was 66,000 and reached 444,000 in 1990.[5]

    Banjarmasin was the capital of Dutch Borneo. It was therefore an objective for the Japanese during Japanese Occupation of Indonesia during World War II. Banjarmasin was occupied on 10 February 1942.[6]


    Banjarmasin Greater Banjarmasin


    The metropolitan area, known as Banjar Bakula, consists of the cities of Banjarmasin and Banjarbaru, and the regencies of Banjar, Barito Kuala and Tanah Laut in South Kalimantan. This metropolitan area covers an area of 3,404.46 square km, and at the 2010 Census has a population of 1,924,427.


    Banjarmasin Climate


    Under the Köppen climate classification, Banjarmasin features a tropical rainforest climate.[citation needed] Temperatures are relatively constant throughout the year, averaging about 27 degrees Celsius, and the city has no real dry season. However Banjarmasin has noticeably wetter and drier times of the year.[citation needed] November through May forms the wettest part of the year while the remainder of the year is the drier part of the year. Banjarmasin on average sees just under 2600 mm of rain per year.

    Climate data for Banjarmasin
    Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
    Average high °C (°F) 29
    (85)
    29
    (85)
    30
    (86)
    31
    (87)
    31
    (88)
    31
    (87)
    31
    (87)
    31
    (88)
    31
    (88)
    31
    (88)
    31
    (87)
    29
    (85)
    31
    (87)
    Average low °C (°F) 25
    (77)
    25
    (77)
    24
    (76)
    26
    (78)
    26
    (78)
    25
    (77)
    24
    (75)
    24
    (75)
    24
    (75)
    25
    (77)
    25
    (77)
    24
    (76)
    24
    (76)
    Precipitation mm (inches) 350
    (13.78)
    300
    (11.81)
    310
    (12.2)
    210
    (8.27)
    200
    (7.87)
    120
    (4.72)
    120
    (4.72)
    110
    (4.33)
    130
    (5.12)
    120
    (4.72)
    230
    (9.06)
    290
    (11.42)
    2,570
    (101.18)
    Source: http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather.php3?s=58669&refer=&units=metric

    Banjarmasin Places of interest


    The Sabilal Muhtadin Mosque, located along the Martapura riverfront, is a major landmark in the city. Completely built in 1979, the mosque accommodates thousands of worshippers on Friday prayers.
    A state university (Universitas Lambung Mangkurat, UNLAM) is also located in the town.
    A floating marketplace, where buyers and sellers meet each other using boats, is located on the western outskirts of town. It is a traditional market and is considered one of city's identity mark for years.
    Banjarmasin has long been renowned as a center for gem trading, particularly rare diamonds and rubies. An informal network with international connections exists, which also supports the large domestic Indonesian trade in rare diamonds. Banjar's diamonds are especially known for their exquisite brilliance. In recent times, however, many of Indonesia's large diamond stones have been traded out of the country.


    Banjarmasin Culinary


    A local dish is "soto banjar", a soup served with lime.[citation needed]


    Banjarmasin Sport


    The city's professional football club called Barito Putra.


    Banjarmasin References


    • Eliot, Joshua (1998). Indonesia handbook. Bath: Footprint Handbooks Ltd.
    1. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
    2. ^ Kalsel Statistics: Religion, Retrieved 6 September 2009
    3. ^ Long, George (1835) The Penny Cyclopædia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge: v. 1-27. (C. Knight). Vol. 3, p.375.
    4. ^ Muller Kal:Indonesian Borneo, Kalimantan, Periplus Editions, Singapore 1992, ISBN 0-945971-09-5
    5. ^ Brookfield, Harold et al: In Place of the Forest: Environmental and Socio-economic Transformation in Borneo and the Eastern Malay Peninsula, United Nations University Press, Tokyo, 1995 [1]
    6. ^ L, Klemen (1999-2000). "The capture of Bandjermasin". Forgotten Campaign: The Dutch East Indies Campaign 1941-1942. 

    Banjarmasin External links




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