BURMESE GENERAL ELECTION 1951–1952




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Burmese general election, 1947


Burmese general election, 1947
Burma
1936 ←
9 April 1947
→ 1951–1952
210 seats to the Constituent Assembly

Prime Minister before election

U Nu
AFPFL

Prime Minister-elect

U Nu
AFPFL

State seal of Myanmar.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Burma

General elections were held in Burma on 9 April 1947 to form the basis of a constituent assembly which would design a constitution once independence from the United Kingdom had been achieved.[1] They were the first elections in Burma since its separation from India under the British Raj.[2] Voter turnout was 49.8%.[3]


Burmese general election 1951–1952 Contents



Burmese general election 1951–1952 Background


The elections were among a number of provisions agreed on 27 January 1947 between Burmese nationalist Aung San on a visit to London and British Prime Minister Clement Attlee guaranteeing Burma's independence from Britain within a year.[4]


Burmese general election 1951–1952 Polling day


Turnout was generally low. In 56 non-communal constituencies, candidates from the Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League (AFPFL) ran unopposed, and in constituencies where challenges took place, turnout was around 50%.[1] U Saw, leader of the Myochit Party (Burmese Nationalists), accused the AFPFL of intimidation and corruption during the election campaign and boycotted the election, as did Ba Sein and his party, accusing the AFPFL of being a "stooges" of British imperialism.[5][6] Reasons given for the low turnout included the instability left by the Japanese occupation of Burma and the struggle for independence.[1] Other candidates in the election included a few independents and communists.[7] The election was certified as free and fair.[2]


Burmese general election 1951–1952 Results


Party Votes % Seats
Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League 1,755,000 173
Communist Party of Burma 126,000 7
Karen Youth Organisation 109,000 19
Independent Karen 5
Anglo-Burmese 4
Independents 2
Invalid/blank votes
Total 100 210
Registered voters/turnout 49.8
Source: Nohlen et al.

Burmese general election 1951–1952 Aftermath


On 19 July 1947, Aung San was assassinated along with six other members of the party and the leadership of the AFPFL was taken over by U Nu.[8] A constitution was approved on 24 September 1947 and independence granted on 4 January 1948.[2]


Burmese general election 1951–1952 See also



Burmese general election 1951–1952 References


  1. ^ a b c Rotberg, Robert I. (1998). Burma: prospects for a democratic future (2nd ed.). Brookings Institution Press. p. 42. ISBN 978-0-8157-7582-9. 
  2. ^ a b c Saffin, Janelle (2000). "Burma’s Election and Constitutional History: A Snapshot". Legal Issues on Burma Journal (Burma Lawyers' Council) 7. 
  3. ^ Nohlen, D, Grotz, F & Hartmann, C (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume I, p610 ISBN 019924958
  4. ^ Oṅ, Chan; Silverstein, Josef (1993). The political legacy of Aung San. SEAP Publications. p. 4. ISBN 978-0-87727-128-4. 
  5. ^ A.A.P. (April 9, 1947). "Burmese go to the polls, boycotts by most parties". The Sydney Morning Herald. 
  6. ^ Appleton, G. (1947). "Burma Two Years After Liberation". International Affairs (Blackwell Publishing) 23 (4): 510–521. JSTOR 3016561. 
  7. ^ Hendershot, Clarence (1947). "Burma Compromise". Far Eastern Survey (Institute of Pacific Relations) 16 (12): 133–138. 
  8. ^ Morse, Erik A.; Mitchell, Ronald K. (2006). Cases in entrepreneurship: the venture creation process. SAGE. p. 61. ISBN 978-1-4129-0976-1. 


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