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BUS TERMINUS

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  1. Royal Hotel - Georgian hotel close to both the railway station and the bus terminus in Bath.


  2. [ Link Deletion Request ]

    koyambedu bus terminus inter state bus terminus bus terminus montreal bus terminus design chennai mofussil bus terminus valletta bus terminus exchange square bus terminus bus terminus toronto



    Bus terminus


    The Chennai Mofussil Bus Terminus, the biggest bus terminus in Asia.

    A bus terminus is a designated place where a bus or coach starts or ends its scheduled route. The terminus is the designated place that a timetable is timed from. Termini can be located at bus stations, interchanges, bus garages or simple bus stops. Termini can both start and stop at the same place, or may be in different locations for starting and finishing a route. Termini may or may not coincide with the use of bus stands.


    Bus terminus Size of termini


    For operational reasons and passenger routes to be their bus garage, where the legal terminus is just outside or nearby. For the purposes of integration of different public transport modes, termini may also be located in a transportation hub or 'interchange'. Minor termini may be a simple bus stop or loop in a residential street, used by very few or just one.


    Bus terminus Operational considerations


    While it may be of prime importance to the passenger, the location of a terminus may be made for reasons other than convenience of passengers.


    Bus terminus Competitive interests

    In rare cases, where the bus operator is commercially separate from the bus station owner, the bus company may choose to terminate services outside the station, so as not to incur usage fees. Additionally, counter to the idea of integration, competing bus operators may use different locations as intermediate termini, to discourage passengers use of competitors services.


    Bus terminus Turning

    A factor in the location of a terminus is how to turn the bus around to start the route in the other direction, which may be difficult in areas where road space is an issue, or the road layout prevents U-turns. This does not apply for true circle routes, where buses simply operate permanently in the clockwise or anti-clockwise direction. Termini in bus stations will often include reversing/run-around space, negating the turning issue.


    Bus terminus Layover

    Another consideration about the location of a terminus can be the need to layover, before resuming in service.

    In busy locations, such as main streets or bus stations, allowing the bus the space to layover may not be appropriate, and the bus may have to run out of service to a quieter layover point, before returning to the terminus to start the route again.

    To allow layover at a terminus, many routes run through busy centres terminating either side in quiet termini, where a bus can layover without causing an obstruction. In the one stop case, this can cause problems for passengers when an apparently in service bus parks on a bus stop with the doors closed, waiting until the timetabled departure time, or when an arriving bus is not forming a departing service. This can be mitigated by using a bus stand. In the two stop type, the arrival stop can be used as the layover point.

    Layover time is time built into a schedule between arrival at the end of a route and the departure for the return trip, used for the recovery of delays and preparation for the return trip.


    Bus terminus Driver change

    Terminus location may be positioned to allow driver changes, although this may be less of a factor than the location of the bus garage. Centrally located termini may be more convenient for driver changes. Some operators operate pool cars to allow drivers to drive to and wait at a quiet terminus, swapping the car with the bus when it arrives.


    Bus terminus Types of termini


    Toronto Coach Terminal, a typical bus terminal in North America

    Bus terminus One stop

    Many routes avoid the need to accommodate turning by having the end of the route form a small circuit as an official part of the route. The terminus is designated as one stop on this circuit, with the bus starting and finishing in the same orientation. This is often necessary in many town centres with one-way traffic systems.

    Space permitting, the terminus may be a purpose built run-around Bus turnout, which allows the bus to change direction simply by entering and leaving the turnout. Often the infrastructure for this remains from a previous tram or trolleybus system.

    In rare cases, to allow a one stop terminus, routes may be arranged to start and finish at the same terminus, with buses arriving as one scheduled route, and leaving as a different route. This can also be done to allow a formal midpoint to split up a long route, reducing the knock-on effect of delays.


    Bus terminus Two stop

    As opposed to a one stop arrangement, some routes that need to reverse direction at a terminus will start and finish in different stops, and the pair of stops locations forms the terminus. This necessitates running the bus out of service along other streets in order to position in the bus for the reverse direction. In the UK this is often achieved by locating the terminus near a roundabout.

    In this case, the arrival point can be designated as a 'set down only' stop, where passengers are not permitted to board.


    Bus terminus Route terminus variations


    Often one bus route will follow a core main route, but towards the termini, the bus may branch off and terminate in different locations. This may be indicated by different route numbers, or with the same route number but a different destination name on the headsign/rollsign.

    Routes may also have a number of different termini on the same numbered route, again shown only by different destinations. These may be used at different times according to operational need, usually to reflect different demand at the different times of the day.


    Bus terminus See also



    Bus terminus References




    Slashed Port Bus Terminal Bus Terminal in Manhattan Port Authority Bus Terminal Address Greyhound Bus Terminal Locations South Station Bus Terminal Philadelphia Bus Terminal Allentown Bus Terminal Reading Bus Terminal

    | Slashed Port Bus Terminal | Bus Terminal in Manhattan | Port Authority Bus Terminal Address | Greyhound Bus Terminal Locations | South Station Bus Terminal | Philadelphia Bus Terminal | Allentown Bus Terminal | Reading Bus Terminal | Bus_terminus | List_of_Melbourne_bus_routes | Broadmarsh_bus_station | Swargate_Bus_Stand | Chennai_Mofussil_Bus_Terminus | Broadway_bus_terminus | Mattuthavani_Bus_Terminus | Erode_Central_Bus_Terminus | Pokfield_Road_Bus_Terminus | Chennai_Contract_Carriage_Bus_Terminus | Kwun_Tong_Ferry_Bus_Terminus | Central_(Exchange_Square)_Bus_Terminus | Central_(Macau_Ferry)_Bus_Terminus | Chennai_Mofussil_Bus_Terminus_metro_station | Hong_Kong_Bus_Terminus | Box_hill_bus_terminus | Cheung_Ching_Bus_Terminus | Mahatma_Gandhi_Bus_Terminus,_Hyderabad | Koyambedu | Transport_in_Madurai | Terminus_Longueuil_(AMT) | Chennai | Terminus_Centre-Ville_(AMT) | Madurai | Kwun_Tong | Chennai_Metro | Tenkasi | Thanjavur | Terminus_Dorval | Mattuthavani | Wardley,_Gateshead | Inter_State_Bus_Terminals | Erode | Bus_stop | Pokfield_Road | Terminus_station | Bus_station | Buchanan_bus_station | Bus_terminal | Solar,_Erode | NWFB_Route_2 | Terminus | Newport_bus_station | Madhavaram | Ngau_Tau_Kok_Station | Island_Resort_(Hong_Kong) | Chennai_Metropolitan_Development_Authority | Terminus_Le_Carrefour_(AMT) | Queen_Street_bus_station

    Copyright:
    Dieser Artikel basiert auf dem Artikel http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bus_terminus aus der freien Enzyklopaedie http://en.wikipedia.org bzw. http://www.wikipedia.org und steht unter der Doppellizenz GNU-Lizenz fuer freie Dokumentation und Creative Commons CC-BY-SA 3.0 Unported. In der Wikipedia ist eine Liste der Autoren unter http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bus_terminus&action=history verfuegbar. Alle Angaben ohne Gewähr.

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