Nosferaus Di Val Di Chiana Valdichiana Civitella Outlet Village Civitella Italy Valdichiana Outlet Village Val Di Chiana Outlet
| Civitella_in_Val_di_Chiana | Provincia_di_Arezzo | Tuori | Bucine | Laterina | Pergine_Valdarno | Comuni_of_the_Province_of_Arezzo | Civitella | Alphabetical_list_of_comuni_of_Italy | Teatro_di_narrazione | Paolo_Lanfranchi | Pippo_Barzizza | Battle_of_Pieve_al_Toppo | Jurisdictional_Immunities_of_the_State_(Germany_v._Italy) | Albert_Kesselring |
|Civitella in Val di Chiana|
|Comune di Civitella in Val di Chiana|
|Frazioni||Albergo, Badia al Pino (communal seat), Ciggiano, Oliveto, Pieve a Maiano, Pieve al Toppo, San Pancrazio, Spoiano, Tegoleto, Tuori, Viciomaggio.|
|• Mayor||Ginetta Menchetti|
|• Total||100.37 km2 (38.75 sq mi)|
|Elevation||280 m (920 ft)|
|Population (30 July 2009)|
|• Density||91/km2 (240/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Saint day||August 24|
Civitella in Val di Chiana (official name), often also Civitella di Val di Chiana, is a comune in the province of Arezzo, south of Arezzo in Tuscany, Italy. It is one of the best-preserved of the network of Lombard fortresses of the 6th and the 7th century in central Italy, strategically placed to control the whole territory. The characteristic elliptical shape of the military settlements can still be seen in the layout of the town walls.
Already inhabited in Roman times, it was occupied and fortified by the Lombards in the 6th century. In the 11th century it became a possessment of the Bishops of Arezzo, and renamed "Civitella del Vescovo" ("Little Bishop's City"). In the 13th century the city was destroyed after the battle of Pieve al Toppo, cited by Dante Alighieri and fought nearby between Arezzo and Siena. After the Aretine defeat at Campaldino (1289) the city was annexed by Florence. In 1311 Arezzo regained it, holding until 1348, whenceforth it remained the seat of a Florentine podestà. Civitella enjoys one of the most beautiful /breathtaking views of the Arezzo valley.
On 1944-06-29, 244 citizens of Civitella were massacred by Hermann Göring Division, in retaliation for the killing of two German soldiers by the hands of partisans. In 1963 the city received the Gold Medal for Civilian Valour. A book by Enzo Gradassi about Elga Elmqvist (the Swede) and Giovanni Cau recoups the historic events that led to the massacre. A trailer for the book can be found here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X-pIT2AcV6g&feature=youtu.be.
The city council has also opened a room of memories.
On 10 October 2006, state immunity
Civitella in Val di Chiana is twinned with:
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Civitella in Val di Chiana.|