COMBOIOS DE PORTUGAL

Horários Comboios De Portugal CP Portugal Horario Portugal Comboios Portugal Horarios CP CP Porto Portuguese Train System




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Comboios de Portugal


Comboios de Portugal
Type Incorporation
Industry Rail transport
Founded 1951
Headquarters Lisbon, Portugal
Key people Manuel Queiró,
Vicente Pereira,
Isabel Vicente
Products Rail transport, Cargo
Revenue Decrease 195.2 million (2010)[1]
Operating income Decrease 308.6 million (2010)[1]
Owner(s) Government of Portugal (100%)
Employees 2,914 (2011)[2]
Website www.cp.pt
CP's Alfa Pendular tilting train at Orient Station in Lisbon.
CP suburban trains at São Bento Station in Oporto.

CP — Comboios de Portugal, EPE (CP; English: Trains of Portugal) is a state-owned company which operates freight and passenger trains in Portugal. Before June 2009, CP stood for Caminhos de Ferro Portugueses (English: Portuguese Railways) although the company has been using its current designation as a brand name since 2004.


Comboios de Portugal History


On 28 October 1856 the first railway line was inaugurated in Portugal, between Lisbon and Carregado: the Companhia dos Caminhos de Ferro Portugueses was born. The network was gradually expanded both south of the Tagus and to the north of the country, as well as in the metropolitan areas of Lisbon and Oporto and to Spain. During the second half of the 20th century, much of CP's rolling stock was built in Portugal by Sorefame - notably carriages with stainless steel bodywork.

Gradually, electrification was put in place for a little less than half the network. In 1975, the company was nationalized, and its name was shortened to CP, A plan to finally connect all the district capitals by a fully electrified double line was to be implemented from 2010. Part of this plan is based on the Swiss Rail 2000 model.[3]

As of 2012, the Portuguese rail system is facing the threat of considerable contraction due to spending cuts by the Portuguese government. The Vouga line is now the only narrow gauge line left in operation - it is also slated for closure.


Comboios de Portugal Infrastructure


The infrastructure of the Portuguese network is managed by Rede Ferroviária Nacional, EP, usually abbreviated to REFER. A summary of the history is given in that article.

Portuguese railway network extent:

  • Broad gauge (1,668 mm/​5 ft 5 2132 in): 2,603 km (1,617 mi), 1,351 km (839 mi) electrified at 25 kV 50 Hz AC and 25 km (16 mi) at 1.5 kV DC.
  • Narrow gauge (metre gauge) 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in): 188 km (117 mi) not electrified.
  • The maximum extent of 3,592 km (2,232 mi) was reached in 1949, but in the late 1980s and early 1990s some lines were shortened and some totally closed.

Comboios de Portugal Organization


CP is split into four divisions:

  • CP Longo Curso, long-distance mainline services (Alfa Pendular, Intercidades and International trains).
  • CP Regional, regional services (Interregional and Regional).
  • CP Lisboa, Lisbon's suburban network.
  • CP Porto, Porto's suburban network.

Comboios de Portugal The network


CP's flagship service, introduced in 1999, is the Alfa Pendular which operates between Braga - Oporto - Lisbon - Faro, at a top speed of 220 km/h (138 mph) with FIAT/Siemens tilting trains. As of 2006, CP's network reaches most of the country.[4]

CP inaugurated new trains in suburban service in the 1990s.


Comboios de Portugal Lines/Routes


Network map
  • Metro do Porto)
  • Linha do Minho
  • Ramal de Braga
  • Linha de Guimarães
  • Linha de Leixões
  • Linha do Douro
  • Linha do Norte
  • Linha do Vale do Vouga
  • Linha da Beira Alta
  • Ramal da Figueira da Foz
  • Ramal da Lousã
  • Ramal de Alfarelos
  • Linha do Oeste
  • Ramal do Louriçal
  • Ramal de Tomar
  • Linha da Beira Baixa
  • Linha do Leste
  • Ramal de Cáceres
  • Linha de Vendas Novas
  • Linha da Matinha
  • Linha de Cintura
  • Linha de Sintra
  • Linha de Cascais
  • Linha do Alentejo
  • Linha de Évora
  • Ramal Neves Corvo
  • Linha do Sul
  • Linha de Sines
  • Linha do Algarve

Former lines


Comboios de Portugal Passenger rolling stock


Comboios de Portugal utilises the following rolling stock and commercial products:


Comboios de Portugal Major stations



Comboios de Portugal Lisbon


Comboios de Portugal Porto


Comboios de Portugal See also



Comboios de Portugal Notes


  1. ^ a b Relatorios Financeiros/2010/grupo_empresa
  2. ^ CP - Organização
  3. ^ Werner Stohler, "Modernização do sistema da exploração ferroviária da Região de Coimbra" [1] (Portuguese) Retrieved 2010-11-07.
  4. ^ CP route map

Comboios de Portugal External links




Horários Comboios De Portugal CP Portugal Horario Portugal Comboios Portugal Horarios CP CP Porto Portuguese Train System

| Horários Comboios De Portugal | CP Portugal | Horario Portugal | Comboios Portugal | Horarios CP | CP Porto | Portuguese Train System | Comboios_de_Portugal | Lisbon,_Portugal | Portugal | Rail_transport_in_Portugal | Narrow_gauge_railways_in_Portugal | Douro_railway_line | Sorefame | Portuguese_train_type_4000 | Portuguese_Railways | Portuguese_train_type_9500 | Gare_do_Oriente | History_of_rail_transport_in_Portugal | Sabor_line | Government-owned_corporation | National_Railway_Museum_(Portugal) | RENFE_class_313 | Corgo_line

Copyright:
Dieser Artikel basiert auf dem Artikel http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comboios_de_Portugal aus der freien Enzyklopaedie http://en.wikipedia.org bzw. http://www.wikipedia.org und steht unter der Doppellizenz GNU-Lizenz fuer freie Dokumentation und Creative Commons CC-BY-SA 3.0 Unported. In der Wikipedia ist eine Liste der Autoren unter http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Comboios_de_Portugal&action=history verfuegbar. Alle Angaben ohne Gewähr.

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