COOBER PEDY

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  1. Coober Pedy Opal - Opal roughs, cabochons, triplets, and jewelry.
  2. The Coober Pedy Experience Motel - An underground Motel offering accommodation and tours of old opal mines in Coober Pedy.
  3. Desert Fire Opal - Coober Pedy miner and cutter offers only locally-mined opals and rough. Historical articles, photos, and the Coober Pedy Newspaper available.
  4. Berryd Opals - Offering Opals direct from the miner and cutter. Online shop.
  5. Coober Pedy News - A fortnightly snapshot of the issues, news and events that shape daily life in Coober Pedy.
  6. Coober Pedy - Official council site of this opal mining town. Town and opal information, tourist guide, and links to local business included.
  7. District Council of Coober Pedy - Council information including elected officials, meeting minutes, rate details, and calendar of events.
  8. The Old Timers Mine - Tourist mine open to the public. Online tour, history, museum details, and location information.
  9. Opal Inn - Hotel, motel, and caravan park in the centre of town. Detailed facilities list with tariffs and tourist information. Online booking form included.
  10. Berryd Opals - Offering Coober Pedy cut opals, rough, and jewelry direct from the miner and cutter.
  11. Coober Pedy Opal.com - Australian business offering rough and cut opals, along with jewellery and pendants.
  12. Australia Travel Report - Outlines things to see and do in Sydney, Melbourne, Coober Pedy, Ayers Rock, The Olgas, Kings Canyon, Kakadu, and the north.
  13. Aussie Heritage Tours - Fully accommodated, 4WD tours of outback South Australia including Coober Pedy, Lake Eyre, Arkaroola wilderness sanctuary, Flinders ranges, Wilpena Pound and the wine regions.


  14. [ Link Deletion Request ]



    Coober Pedy


    Coober Pedy
    South Australia
    Coober Pedy01.JPG
    The town of Coober Pedy
    Coober Pedy is located in South Australia
    Coober Pedy
    Coordinates 29°0′40″S 134°45′20″E / 29.01111°S 134.75556°E / -29.01111; 134.75556Coordinates: 29°0′40″S 134°45′20″E / 29.01111°S 134.75556°E / -29.01111; 134.75556
    Population 1,695 (2011)[1]
    Established 1915
    Postcode(s) 5723
    Location 846 km (526 mi) from Adelaide
    LGA(s) District Council of Coober Pedy
    Federal Division(s) Grey

    Coober Pedy is a town in northern South Australia, 846 kilometres north of Adelaide on the Stuart Highway. According to the 2011 census, its population was 1,695 (953 males, 742 females, including 275 indigenous Australians).[1] The town is sometimes referred to as the "opal capital of the world" because of the quantity of precious opals that are mined there. Coober Pedy is renowned for its below-ground residences, called "dugouts", which are built due to the scorching daytime heat. The name "Coober Pedy" comes from the local Aboriginal term kupa-piti, which means "white man's hole".[2]

    Opal was found in Coober Pedy on 1 February 1915; since then the town has been supplying most of the world's gem-quality opal. Coober Pedy today relies as much on tourism as the opal mining industry to provide the community with employment and sustainability. Coober Pedy has over 70 opal fields and is the largest opal mining area in the world.


    Coober Pedy Overview


    Aboriginal people have a long-standing connection with the area. The first European explorer to pass near the site of Coober Pedy was Scottish-born John McDouall Stuart in 1858, but the town was not established until after 1915, when opal was discovered by Wille Hutchison.[3] Miners first moved in around about 1916. By 1999, there were more than 250,000 mine shaft entrances in the area and a law discouraged large-scale mining by allowing each prospector a 165-square-foot (15.3 m2) claim.[4] The harsh summer desert temperatures mean that many residents prefer to live in caves bored into the hillsides ("dugouts"). A standard three-bedroom cave home with lounge, kitchen, and bathroom can be excavated out of the rock in the hillside for a similar price to building a house on the surface. However, dugouts remain at a constant temperature, while surface buildings need air-conditioning, especially during the summer months, when temperatures often exceed 40 degrees Celsius (104 degrees Fahrenheit). The relative humidity rarely gets over 20% on these hot days, and the skies are usually cloud-free. The average maximum temperature is 30-32 degrees Celsius, but it can get quite cool in the winter.

    Opalised 2.8 cm × 2.0 cm × 1.0 cm mollusc shell from a Coober Pedy mine
    Unique Serbian Orthodox underground church

    Coober Pedy is a very small town, about halfway between Adelaide and Alice Springs. It has become a popular stopover point and tourist destination, especially since 1987, when the sealing of the Stuart Highway was completed.

    Interesting attractions in Coober Pedy include the mines, the graveyard and the underground churches. The first tree ever seen in the town was welded together from scrap iron. It still sits on a hilltop overlooking the town.


    Coober Pedy Sport and recreation


    The local golf course – mostly played at night with glowing balls, to avoid daytime temperatures – is completely free of grass, and golfers take a small piece of "turf" around to use for teeing off. As a result of correspondence between the two clubs, the Coober Pedy golf club is the only club in the world to enjoy reciprocal rights at The Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews.[5]

    The town also has an Australian rules football club, the Coober Pedy Saints, who were created in 2004 and compete in the Far North Football League (formerly the Woomera & Districts Football League). Due to the town's extreme isolation, to play matches the Saints must make round trips of over 900 km to Roxby Downs, where the rest of the league's teams are located.


    Coober Pedy Climate


    Coober Pedy has a desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh).

    Climate data for Coober Pedy
    Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
    Record high °C (°F) 47.0
    (116.6)
    46.7
    (116.1)
    44.4
    (111.9)
    40.0
    (104)
    33.0
    (91.4)
    29.4
    (84.9)
    32.0
    (89.6)
    35.0
    (95)
    39.1
    (102.4)
    43.9
    (111)
    45.6
    (114.1)
    47.8
    (118)
    47.8
    (118)
    Average high °C (°F) 36.4
    (97.5)
    35.7
    (96.3)
    32.8
    (91)
    27.6
    (81.7)
    22.3
    (72.1)
    18.8
    (65.8)
    18.7
    (65.7)
    20.7
    (69.3)
    24.5
    (76.1)
    28.9
    (84)
    32.1
    (89.8)
    34.6
    (94.3)
    27.8
    (82)
    Average low °C (°F) 20.7
    (69.3)
    20.8
    (69.4)
    18.2
    (64.8)
    14.0
    (57.2)
    10.1
    (50.2)
    7.2
    (45)
    6.3
    (43.3)
    7.4
    (45.3)
    10.1
    (50.2)
    13.6
    (56.5)
    16.6
    (61.9)
    19.1
    (66.4)
    13.7
    (56.7)
    Record low °C (°F) 9.4
    (48.9)
    10.6
    (51.1)
    9.6
    (49.3)
    5.0
    (41)
    1.4
    (34.5)
    0.1
    (32.2)
    −2.0
    (28.4)
    0.6
    (33.1)
    1.7
    (35.1)
    3.9
    (39)
    6.7
    (44.1)
    10.0
    (50)
    −2.0
    (28.4)
    Precipitation mm (inches) 17.4
    (0.685)
    22.8
    (0.898)
    12.9
    (0.508)
    6.5
    (0.256)
    13.1
    (0.516)
    14.4
    (0.567)
    7.8
    (0.307)
    9.2
    (0.362)
    8.4
    (0.331)
    14.9
    (0.587)
    11.6
    (0.457)
    17.5
    (0.689)
    156.4
    (6.157)
    Source: Bureau of Meteorology[6]

    Coober Pedy Transport


    The town is served by daily coach services from Adelaide. The Ghan serves the town through the Manguri Siding, 42 km from Coober Pedy, which is served by trains twice weekly in each direction. Passengers on The Ghan are not usually allowed to disembark at Manguri unless they have prearranged transport, due to the siding's isolation and the extremely cold temperatures at night.[7]

    Coober Pedy is a gateway to the outback communities of Oodnadatta and William Creek, which are both located on the Oodnadatta Track. There is a twice-a-week mail run from Coober Pedy to these communities and other outback homesteads. It carries the mail, general freight and passengers.[8]

    Regional Express also has direct flights to Adelaide, from Coober Pedy Airport.

    Preceding station   Great Southern Railway   Following station
    towards Darwin
    The Ghan
    towards Adelaide

    Coober Pedy Oil reserves


    In 2013 it was reported that a potentially very significant tight oil (oil trapped in oil-bearing shales) resource has been found near Coober Pedy in the Arckaringa Basin.[9] This resource is estimated to hold between 3.5 and 223 billion barrels (560×10^6 and 35,450×10^6 m3) of oil, which provides the potential for Australia to become a net oil exporter.[10][11]


    Coober Pedy In popular culture


    Both the town and its hinterland, for different reasons, are very photogenic and have therefore attracted film makers. The town itself was the setting for the 2006 film Opal Dream. The town is a pivotal location in Wim Wenders' 1991 film Until the End of the World.[12][13] Coober Pedy also features in the 1994 film The Adventures of Priscilla Queen of the Desert. An episode of Dirty Jobs: Down Under with Mike Rowe visited Coober Pedy and aired 29 September 2012 on Discovery Channel. The movie "Pitch Black" starring Vin Diesel was also filmed in the area in 2000.


    Coober Pedy See also



    Coober Pedy References


    An underground jewellery shop in Coober Pedy
    1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Coober Pedy (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 24 October 2012. 
    2. ^ Place Names of South Australia
    3. ^ Opal Capital of the World
    4. ^ Smith, R. Australia: Journey Through a Timeless Land. National Geographic Society, 1999. p 118.
    5. ^ Lane, James M. (2008). Moon Living Abroad in Australia. Berkeley, CA: Seal Press. p. 247. ISBN 978-1-59880-139-2. 
    6. ^ "Coober Pedy". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 16 February 2009. 
    7. ^ Great Southern Railway, "Q&A". Retrieved 1 February 2011.
    8. ^ "The Mail Run Tour". 
    9. ^ http://au.finance.yahoo.com/news/major-oil-discovery-outback-sa-001211636.html
    10. ^ England, Cameron (1/02/2013). "$20 trillion shale oil find surrounding Coober Pedy 'can fuel Australia'". Herald Sun. Retrieved 23 January 2013. 
    11. ^ http://www.news.com.au/business/companies/trillion-shale-oil-find-surrounding-coober-pedy-can-fuel-australia/story-fnda1bsz-1226560401043
    12. ^ Gluckman, Ron. "Home Under the Range". Ron Gluckman in Cyberspace. Retrieved 21 December 2008. 
    13. ^ "Coober Pedy". RockWalk Park. Retrieved 21 December 2008. 

    Coober Pedy External links


    Media related to Coober Pedy at Wikimedia Commons



    Linc Energy Australia

    | Linc Energy Australia | Coober_Pedy | Coober_Pedy_Airport | District_Council_of_Coober_Pedy | Coober_Pedy_Oodnadatta_One_Day_Mail_Run | Coober_Pedy_Solar_Power_Station | Opal | Division_of_Grey | Oodnadatta | Electoral_district_of_Giles | Adelaide_Airport | List_of_airports_in_South_Australia | Port_Augusta_Airport | Stuart_Highway | Anna_Creek_station | Outback | Outback_Areas_Community_Development_Trust | The_Ghan | Regional_Express_Airlines | Anne_Beadell_Highway | Kupa_Piti_Kungka_Tjuta

    Copyright:
    Dieser Artikel basiert auf dem Artikel http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coober_Pedy aus der freien Enzyklopaedie http://en.wikipedia.org bzw. http://www.wikipedia.org und steht unter der Doppellizenz GNU-Lizenz fuer freie Dokumentation und Creative Commons CC-BY-SA 3.0 Unported. In der Wikipedia ist eine Liste der Autoren unter http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Coober_Pedy&action=history verfuegbar. Alle Angaben ohne Gewähr.

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