CULTURAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT

Cultural Resource Management Jobs Cultural Resource Management News Cultural Resource Management Plan Cultural Resource Management Firms Cultural Resource Management Journal Cultural Resource Management Degree Cultural Resource Management Program Cultural Resource Management Certificate




Cloud:

| Cultural Resource Management Jobs | Cultural Resource Management News | Cultural Resource Management Plan | Cultural Resource Management Firms | Cultural Resource Management Journal | Cultural Resource Management Degree | Cultural Resource Management Program | Cultural Resource Management Certificate |

| Cultural_resources_management | Archaeology | Cultural_heritage_management | California_Desert_Protection_Act_of_2010 | Archaeological_site | Lord_Cultural_Resources | Sisyphus_Shelter | Water_resources_management_in_Brazil | David_G._Anderson | United_States_Navy_environmental_protection_award_pennant | Thomas_Des_Jean | Rescue_archaeology | Water_resources_management_in_Chile | Big_Bend_National_Park | Resource_management_(disambiguation) | Water_resources_management_in_Uruguay | California_Environmental_Quality_Act | Santa_Monica_Mountains_National_Recreation_Area | Indigenous_archaeology | GAI_Consultants,_Inc. | Manatee_County,_Florida | Richard_B._Russell_Multiple_Resource_Area | National_Register_Information_System | Outline_of_archaeology | National_Trust_for_Historic_Preservation | Ahihi-Kinau_Natural_Area_Reserve | New_York_State_Museum | Ecosystem_management | Hashemite_University | Cultural_heritage | Hemlock_Bluffs_Nature_Preserve | HMS_Fowey_(1744) | National_Historic_Preservation_Act_of_1966 | Quinebaug_Woods | Valletta_Treaty | Curt_Gowdy_State_Park | Buffalo_Bill_State_Park | CRM | Space_archaeology | Committee_on_Education,_Culture,_Tourism,_and_Human_Resources | FirstCarbon_Solutions | CSS_Chattahoochee | CSS_Muscogee | Central_Valley_Project | Neil_Ramiller | List_of_sustainable_agriculture_topics | Museum | Archaeological_theory | McClellan_Gate | Kafi_Benz |

  1. Cultural Resource Management Services - Paso Robles, California-based firm offering cultural resource management services in California, Hawaii, and the Pacific. Services offered and contact information.
  2. Tetra Tech, Inc. - Provides environmental engineering and consulting services addressing complex water contamination, cultural resource management, and other environmental problems.
  3. Preservation Directory - Resources and research tools for historic preservation and cultural resource management in the US. Lists preservation organizations, programs, historic property for sale, news and events.
  4. Anthropological Studies Center - A non-profit center at Sonoma State University dedicated to cultural resources management, education, research, and public service.
  5. Cultural Resource Management Network - Offers a source of jobs, news, announcements, consultant listings, and resources for students and professionals interested in archaeology, anthropology, historic preservation, museums, and architectural history.
  6. Benton County Historical Museum - Provides educational activities, museum services, and cultural resource management services in order to encourage understanding of the history and culture of this county in Philomath.
  7. Cultural Resource Management Program, University of Victoria (Canada) - Offers immersion and distance education courses in museum studies, heritage conservation and cultural management. Diploma, credit, and non-credit options.
  8. Kumu Pono Associates - Historical and archival documentary research services including oral history interview studies, land history records and cultural resources management.
  9. Cultural Resource Management Group - Specializes in archaeological assessment, heritage resource planning, cultural heritage conservation, and site interpretation and development. Background information, service available, staff biographies, sample projects, and contact details.
  10. ARCH2, Inc - Historians, archaeologists, and architectural historians provide cultural resources management services. Includes project list.
  11. Benton County Historical Museum - In Philomath. Provides educational activities, museum services, and cultural resource management services in order to encourage understanding of the history and culture of this county.
  12. Benton County Historical Museum - Visitor information and other details for this institution, which provides educational activities, museum services, and cultural resource management services in order to encourage understanding of the history and culture of the county.
  13. Sonoma State University - Offers an undergraduate degree program and a graduate degree program in Cultural Resources Management. Features course descriptions, class Web pages, The Totonac Indians in Mexico project and ASC Projects. Located in Rohnert Park.
  14. Public Archaeology Facility (PAF) - A research center within the Department of Anthropology of the State University of New York at Binghamton,specializing in cultural resource management.
  15. Center for Historic and Military Archaeology - Heidelberg College. The CMHA provides a quality program for anthropological archaeologists focusing on historic and military archaeology and cultural resource management.
  16. Cambridge Archaeological Unit - Offers cultural resource management, archaeological mitigation and analysis, supported by the academic and scientific expertise of the University of Cambridge. Staff, reports, excavations.
  17. Archaeo-Physics - Minnesota based company provides non-invasive high-resolution geophysical surveys for academic and cultural resource management projects throughout the United States and abroad. Includes methodology and examples of previous surveys.
  18. Cataraqui Archaeological Research Foundation - Ontario foundation providing archaeological assessment and excavation as well as cultural resource management and planning services to both the public and private sectors. Personnel profiles.
  19. Archaeo Research - British Columbia cultural resource management firm which also offers ethnohistory and educational services. Corporate and personnel profile, services offered, recent projects, employment opportunities, and resources for local archaeology.
  20. Cultural Resource Management Group - Nova Scotia based consulting firm offering archaeological assessment and heritage planning services. Personnel profiles and details of recent projects.


  21. [ Link Deletion Request ]

    cultural resources management and historic preservation cultural resources management group cultural resources management jobs cultural resources management firms cultural resources management plan cultural resources management program dinetahdoo cultural resources management western cultural resources management farmington nm



    Cultural resources management


    This article is concerned with cultural resources in the widest sense: for traditional, archaeological and historic culture specifically, see cultural heritage management

    In the broadest sense, Cultural Resources Management (CRM) is the vocation and practice of managing cultural resources, such as the arts and heritage. It incorporates Cultural Heritage Management which is concerned with traditional and historic culture. It also delves into the material culture of archaeology. Cultural resources management encompasses current culture, including progressive and innovative culture, such as urban culture, rather than simply preserving and presenting traditional forms of culture.

    However, the broad usage of the term is relatively recent and as a result it is most often used as synonymous with heritage management. In the United States, cultural resources management is not usually divorced from the heritage context. The term is, "used mostly by archaeologists and much more occasionally by architectural historians and historical architects, to refer to managing historic places of archaeological, architectural, and historical interests and considering such places in compliance with environmental and historic preservation laws." [1]

    Cultural resources include both physical assets such as archaeology, architecture, paintings and sculptures and also intangible culture such as folklore and interpretative arts, such as storytelling and drama.[2] Cultural resource managers are typically in charge of museums, galleries, theatres etc., especially those that emphasize culture specific to the local region or ethnic group. Cultural tourism is a significant sector of the tourism industry.

    At a national and international level, cultural resource management may be concerned with larger themes, such as languages in danger of extinction, public education, the ethos or operation of multiculturalism, and promoting access to cultural resources. The Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity is an attempt by the United Nations to identify exemplars of intangible culture.


    Cultural resources management Background Information


    Cultural resource management can trace its beginning to the environment/conservational movement in the 1960s and 1970s.[3] During this time, there was growth in legislation concerning the protection of cultural resources. The Archaeological and Historic Preservation Act of 1974, commonly known as the Moss-Bennett Act, helped to fuel the creation of CRM, while creating “growth in archaeological jobs in the federal government, academia, and private sector.” [4] Federal legislation had passed earlier in 1906 under the Antiquities Act, but it was not until the 1970s when the term “cultural resources” was coined by the National Park Services. This term came into more popular usage after two meetings in 1974: the Cultural Resource Management conference and the Airlie House conference.[5] Following these conferences, the National Park Service (NPS) defined cultural resources in the Cultural Resource Management Guidelines as being:

    “Those tangible and intangible aspects of cultural systems, both living and dead, that are valued by or representative of a given culture or that contain information about a culture…[They] include but are not limited to sites, structures, districts, objects, and historic documents associated with or representative of peoples, cultures, and human activities and events, either in the present or in the past. Cultural resources also can include primary written and verbal data for interpretation and understanding of those tangible resources.” [6]


    Cultural resources management Cultural resources management applied to heritage management


    Main article Cultural Heritage Management

    Cultural resources management in the heritage context is mainly concerned with the investigation of sites with archaeological potential, the preservation and interpretation of historic sites and artifacts, and the culture of indigenous people. The subject developed from initiatives in rescue archaeology, sensitivities to the treatment of indigenous people, and subsequent legislation to protect cultural heritage.

    In the 1970s, archaeologists created the term "cultural resource management" as a parallel to natural resource management to address the following resources:[7]

    • Historic properties (as listed or eligible for the National Register of Historic Places)
    • Older properties that may have cultural value, but may or may not be eligible for the National Register
    • Historic properties that have cultural value beyond their historicity
    • Native American graves and cultural items
    • Shipwrecks
    • Museum collections
    • Historical documents
    • Religious sites
    • Religious practices
    • Cultural use of natural resources
    • Folklife, tradition, and other social institutions
    • Theater groups, orchestras, and other community cultural amenities

    A significant proportion of the archaeological investigation in countries that have heritage management legislation including the USA and UK is conducted on sites under threat of development. In the US, such investigations are now done by private companies on a consulting basis,[8] and a national organization exists to support the practice of CRM.[9] Museums, besides being popular tourist attractions, often play roles in conservation of, and research on, threatened sites, including as repositories for collections from sites slated for destruction.


    Cultural resources management National Register eligibility


    In the United States, a common Cultural Resource Management task is the implementation of a Section 106 review: CRM archaeologists determine whether federally funded projects are likely to damage or destroy archaeological sites that may be eligible for the National Register of Historic Places. This process commonly entails one or more archaeological field surveys.


    Cultural resources management Careers in CRM


    Cultural resource management features people from a wide array of disciplines. The general education of most involved in CRM includes, but is not limited to, sociology, archaeology, architectural history, cultural anthropology, social and cultural geography, and other fields in the social sciences.

    In the field of cultural resource management there are many career choices. One could obtain a career with an action agency that works directly with the NEPA or even more specifically, Native American resources.[10] There are also careers that can be found in review agencies like the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation(ACHP), or the State Historic Preservation Office(SHPO) Beyond these choices, one could also obtain a career as part of the local government and work with planning agencies, housing agencies, social service agencies, local museums, libraries, or educational institutions. Jobs at private cultural resource management companies can range from field technicians (see shovelbum) to principal investigators, project archaeologists, historic preservationists, and laboratory work. One could also become a part of an advocacy organization, such as the National Trust for Historic Preservation.[11]


    Cultural resources management Debates


    It is commonly debated in cultural resource management how to determine whether cultural or archaeological sites should be considered significant or not. The criteria that is stated by the National Register of Historic Places is said to be able to be “interpreted in different ways so that the significance… may be subjectively argued for many cultural resources.” [12] Another issue that arises among scholars is that “protection does not necessarily mean preservation.” [13] Any public projects occurring near the cultural resource can have adverse effects. Development plans for a proposed project may not be able to be changed to limit impact and to avoid damage to the resource.[14]


    Cultural resources management Management of cultural organizations


    The vocation of management in cultural and creative sectors is the subject of research and improvement initiatives, by organizations such as Arts and Business which take a partnership approach to involving professional business people in running and mentoring arts organizations. Some universities[15][16] now offer vocational degrees.

    The management of cultural heritage is underpinned by academic research in culture studies.


    Cultural resources management Cultural anthropology


    Main article Cultural anthropology

    Understanding the traditional cultures of all peoples (Indigenous or not) is essential in mitigating the adverse impact of development and ensuring that intervention by more developed nations is not prejudicial to the interests of local people or results in the extinction of cultural resources.


    Cultural resources management Cultural resources policies


    Cultural resources policies have developed over time with the recognition of the economic and social importance of heritage and other cultural assets.[17]

    The exploitation of cultural resources can be controversial, particularly where the finite cultural heritage resources of developing countries are exported to satisfy the demand for antiquities market in the developed world. The exploitation of the potential intellectual property of traditional remedies in identifying candidates for new drugs has also been controversial. On the other hand, traditional crafts can be important elements of income from tourism, performance of traditional dances, and music that is popular with tourists and traditional designs can be exploited in the fashion industry. Popular culture can also be an important economic asset.


    Cultural resources management See also



    Cultural resources management Notes


    1. ^ King 1998, p. 6
    2. ^ UK definition of cultural sector
    3. ^ Kerber 1994, p. 2
    4. ^ Kerber 1994, p. 2
    5. ^ Kerber 1994, p. 2
    6. ^ Kerber 1994, p. 2
    7. ^ King 1998, pp. 5, 6
    8. ^ "Who's my Daddy? Who's my Mommy? Results of a Poll on the Origins of Private-Sector CRM," by David A. Phillips, Jr.
    9. ^ Web site of the American Cultural Resources Association
    10. ^ King 1998, p. 241
    11. ^ King 1998, pp. 241, 242
    12. ^ Kerber 1994, p. 4
    13. ^ Kerber 1994, p. 4
    14. ^ Kerber 1994, p. 4
    15. ^ BA in Cultural Resources Management at Dundalk
    16. ^ MA in European Cultural Planning at De Montfort
    17. ^ Compendium of Cultural Policies and Trends in Europe

    Cultural resources management References



    Cultural resources management Further reading

    • Jordan E. Kerber, Cultural Resource Management: Archaeological Research, Preservation Planning, and Public Education in the Northeastern United States Bergin & Garvey, 1994, 283 pages, ISBN 0-89789-369-7
    • Thomas F. King, Cultural Resource Laws & Practice: An Introductory Guide' (3rd Edition) Altamira Press, 2008, 428 pages, ISBN 978-0-7591-1188-2 (cloth); 0-978-0-7591-1189-9 (paper)
    • Peter Howard, "Heritage: Management, Interpretation, Identity" Continuum Press, 2003, 278 pages, ISBN 0-8264-5897-1 (cloth); 0-8264-5898-X (paper)

    Cultural resources management External links




    Cultural Resource Management Jobs Cultural Resource Management News Cultural Resource Management Plan Cultural Resource Management Firms Cultural Resource Management Journal Cultural Resource Management Degree Cultural Resource Management Program Cultural Resource Management Certificate

    | Cultural Resource Management Jobs | Cultural Resource Management News | Cultural Resource Management Plan | Cultural Resource Management Firms | Cultural Resource Management Journal | Cultural Resource Management Degree | Cultural Resource Management Program | Cultural Resource Management Certificate | Cultural_resources_management | Archaeology | Cultural_heritage_management | California_Desert_Protection_Act_of_2010 | Archaeological_site | Lord_Cultural_Resources | Sisyphus_Shelter | Water_resources_management_in_Brazil | David_G._Anderson | United_States_Navy_environmental_protection_award_pennant | Thomas_Des_Jean | Rescue_archaeology | Water_resources_management_in_Chile | Big_Bend_National_Park | Resource_management_(disambiguation) | Water_resources_management_in_Uruguay | California_Environmental_Quality_Act | Santa_Monica_Mountains_National_Recreation_Area | Indigenous_archaeology | GAI_Consultants,_Inc. | Manatee_County,_Florida | Richard_B._Russell_Multiple_Resource_Area | National_Register_Information_System | Outline_of_archaeology | National_Trust_for_Historic_Preservation | Ahihi-Kinau_Natural_Area_Reserve | New_York_State_Museum | Ecosystem_management | Hashemite_University | Cultural_heritage | Hemlock_Bluffs_Nature_Preserve | HMS_Fowey_(1744) | National_Historic_Preservation_Act_of_1966 | Quinebaug_Woods | Valletta_Treaty | Curt_Gowdy_State_Park | Buffalo_Bill_State_Park | CRM | Space_archaeology | Committee_on_Education,_Culture,_Tourism,_and_Human_Resources | FirstCarbon_Solutions | CSS_Chattahoochee | CSS_Muscogee | Central_Valley_Project | Neil_Ramiller | List_of_sustainable_agriculture_topics | Museum | Archaeological_theory | McClellan_Gate | Kafi_Benz

    Copyright:
    Dieser Artikel basiert auf dem Artikel http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cultural_resources_management aus der freien Enzyklopaedie http://en.wikipedia.org bzw. http://www.wikipedia.org und steht unter der Doppellizenz GNU-Lizenz fuer freie Dokumentation und Creative Commons CC-BY-SA 3.0 Unported. In der Wikipedia ist eine Liste der Autoren unter http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cultural_resources_management&action=history verfuegbar. Alle Angaben ohne Gewähr.

    Dieser Artikel enthält u.U. Inhalte aus dmoz.org : Help build the largest human-edited directory on the web. Suggest a Site - Open Directory Project - Become an Editor






    Search: deutsch english español français русский

    | deutsch | english | español | français | русский |




    [ Privacy Policy ] [ Link Deletion Request ] [ Imprint ]