ESTáCIO DE Sá

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Estácio de Sá


Estácio de Sá
Fundação do Rio de Janeiro.JPG
The founding of the city of Rio de Janeiro by Estácio de Sá
Governor of Rio de Janeiro
In office
1565–1567
Monarch Sebastian I of Portugal
Preceded by Office created
Succeeded by Mem de Sá
Personal details
Born 1520
Santarém, Kingdom of Portugal
Died 20 February 1567(1567-02-20) (aged 47)
Rio de Janeiro, Colony of Brazil
Nationality Portuguese
Military service
Allegiance  Portuguese Empire
Battles/wars Battle of Rio de Janeiro

Estácio de Sá (1520–1567) was a Portuguese soldier and officer. Sá travelled to the colony of Brazil on the orders of the Portuguese crown to wage war on the French colonists commanded by Nicolas Durand de Villegaignon.[1] These French colonists had established themselves in 1555 at Guanabara Bay in Rio de Janeiro, in a settlement known as France Antarctique.[1] He was the founder of Rio de Janeiro, now the second largest city in Brazil.


Estácio de Sá Biography


Born in Santarém, Portugal in 1520, Estácio de Sá was the nephew of the Governor General of the colony of Brazil, Mem de Sá.[1]

He arrived with two galleons at Salvador, Bahia, in 1564.[1] In 1565, after extensive preparations and the help of Jesuits, such as Manuel da Nóbrega and José de Anchieta, he departed by sea from São Vicente, São Paulo, the first Portuguese settlement in Brazil, with an attack force. On March 1, he founded the city of São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro near the Sugarloaf Mountain and established the basis of his military operations against the French and their Aboriginal allies.[1]

After receiving reinforcements sent by sea by his uncle from Salvador, Sá commanded a definitive and successful attack on the fortification of Uruçú-mirim on 20 January 1567. He died on 20 February 1567 of wounds inflicted by an arrow which had perforated his eye.[1]

Sá was interred in the church of Saint Sebastian in the encampment he had founded. As the city of Rio de Janeiro grew, his remains were relocated to a new church of Saint Sebastian in the Castelo.[1] His remains were rediscovered in 1839 by several scholars working for Emperor Pedro II, and, in 1862, when the church was being rebuilt, some of his bones were exhumed in the presence of the emperor and placed in a "worthy urn".[1]


Estácio de Sá Legacy


As the founder of Rio de Janeiro, Estácio de Sá is honored by the names of many locations and institutions in Brazil. A brief list follows:


Estácio de Sá References


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h De Macedo, Joaquim Manoel (1876). Brazilian Biographical Annual II. Rio de Janeiro: Typographia e Lithographia do Imperial Instituto Artistico. pp. 121–123. 


Estácio De SA Campus Virtual Estacio De SA Vitoria Estacio De SA Sia JF Estacio De SA Aluno Estacio De SA Sia Estacio De Sá SC Universidade Estacio Faculdades a Distancia

| Estácio De SA Campus Virtual | Estacio De SA Vitoria | Estacio De SA Sia JF | Estacio De SA Aluno | Estacio De SA Sia | Estacio De Sá SC | Universidade Estacio | Faculdades a Distancia | Portuguese_Empire | Thiago_Jotta_da_Silva | Manuel_de_nobrega | Samba_de_Roda | Igor_de_Vetyemy | Colonial_Brazil | Battle_of_Rio_de_Janeiro_(1567) | List_of_medical_schools_in_South_America | List_of_film_schools | List_of_largest_universities_by_enrollment

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Dieser Artikel basiert auf dem Artikel http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Estácio_de_Sá aus der freien Enzyklopaedie http://en.wikipedia.org bzw. http://www.wikipedia.org und steht unter der Doppellizenz GNU-Lizenz fuer freie Dokumentation und Creative Commons CC-BY-SA 3.0 Unported. In der Wikipedia ist eine Liste der Autoren unter http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Estácio_de_Sá&action=history verfuegbar. Alle Angaben ohne Gewähr.

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