GEORGE CRUMB

George Crum's Life George Crum Childhood Info About George Crum George Crumb Snack Food Black Angels George Crumb Johnny Duncan John Cage Milton Babbitt




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  1. George Crumb CD Reviews - Reviews of a few CDs and recording information for three major compositions.
  2. George Crumb (1929-) - Miscellaneous songs and cycles listed at recmusic.org.
  3. George Crumb - Links to movies for which he composed or which used his music from the Internet Movie Database.
  4. George Crumb - Brief biographical sketch, photograph, and summary of orchestral and instrumental music from Naxos.
  5. George Crumb Trio - Das im Jahre 1992 gegründete George Crumb Trio tritt in der Besetzung Flöte, Cello und Klavier auf. Die Musiker fühlen sich neben dem klassischen Trio-Repertoire im Besonderen der neuen Musik verpflichtet. Zusätzlich zu den Biographien der Ensemblemitglieder, Pressereferenzen und einem Konzertkalender werden auf der Website auch kurze Werkbeschreibungen zahlreicher Stücke aus dem Repertoire des Trios vorgestellt.
  6. Interview with George Perle, George Crumb and David Diamond - Three living legends of contemporary music compare the evolution of musical styles during their lifetime.
  7. George Crumb: Makrokosmos Vol. II - Short review of Robert Miller's recording on vinyl for Columbia.
  8. George Crumb Mailing List - A small online community dedicated to discussion of the composer's music.
  9. George Crumb - Official site. Information and discussion of his music. Includes biographical details, catalog of compositions, discography, bibliography, news, and related information.


  10. [ Link Deletion Request ]

    george crumb biography george crumb music george crumb black angels george crumb makrokosmos george crumb composer george crumb ancient voices of children george crumb potato chip george crumb vox balaenae



    George Crumb


    George Crumb (born October 24, 1929) is an American composer of contemporary classical music. He is noted as an explorer of unusual timbres, alternative forms of notation, and extended instrumental and vocal techniques. Examples include seagull effect for the cello (ex. Vox Balaenae), metallic vibrato for the piano (ex. Five Pieces for Piano), and using a mallet to play the strings of a contrabass (ex. Madrigals, Book I), among numerous others. He is not an electronic music composer, however many works call for amplification of instruments, such as Black Angels (string quartet) or Ancient Voices of Children (mixed ensemble). Crumb's music contains an intense humanism, which is reflected in his personal definition of music: "a system of proportions in the service of spiritual impulse."[1]


    George Crumb Biography


    Crumb was born in University of Michigan, from which he received his D.M.A. in 1959.

    Crumb has earned his living primarily from teaching. His first teaching job was at a college in Gerald Levinson.

    Crumb retired from teaching in 1997, though in early 2002 was appointed with David Burge to a joint residency at Arizona State University.[citation needed] He has continued to compose.

    Crumb has been the recipient of a number of awards, including the Pulitzer Prize for Music in 1968 for his orchestral work Echoes of Time and the River and a Grammy Award for Best Contemporary Composition in 2001 for his work Star-Child .

    Crumb's son, David Crumb, is a successful composer and, since 1997, assistant professor at the University of Oregon. George Crumb's daughter, Ann Crumb, is a successful actress and singer. She recorded his Three Early Songs for the CD George Crumb 70th Birthday Album (1999), and has also performed his Unto the Hills (2001).[3]


    George Crumb Crumb's music


    After initially being influenced by Anton Webern, Crumb became interested in exploring unusual timbres. He often asks for instruments to be played in unusual ways and several of his pieces, although written for standard chamber music ensembles, call for electronic amplification.[4]

    Crumb's compositions often incorporate theater as an element of performance. In several pieces he asks players to leave and enter the stage during the piece. He has also used unusual layouts of musical notation in a number of his scores. In several pieces, the music is symbolically laid out in a circular or spiral fashion.[5]

    Several of Crumb's works, including the four books of madrigals he wrote in the late 1960s and Ancient Voices of Children, a song cycle of 1970 for two singers and small instrumental ensemble (which includes a toy piano), are settings of texts by Federico García Lorca. Many of his vocal works were written for the virtuoso mezzo-soprano singer Jan DeGaetani.[citation needed]

    Black Angels (1970) is another piece which displays Crumb's interest in exploring a wide range of timbres. The piece is written for electric string quartet and its players are required to play various percussion instruments and to bow small goblets as well as to play their instruments in both conventional and unconventional ways. It is one of Crumb's best known pieces, and has been recorded by several groups, including the Kronos Quartet.[6]

    Another of Crumb's best known works are the four books of Makrokosmos.[7][not in citation given] The first two books (1972, 1973), for solo piano, make extensive use of string piano techniques; the third, known as Music for a Summer Evening (1974), is for two pianos and percussion; the fourth, Celestial Mechanics (1979), was written for piano four-hands. The title Makrokosmos alludes to Mikrokosmos, the six books of piano pieces by Béla Bartók; like Bartók's work, Makrokosmos is a series of short character pieces. Apart from Bartók, Claude Debussy is another composer Crumb acknowledged as an influence here; Debussy's Preludes comprise 2 books of 12 character pieces, whose titles appear at the end. Crumb's first two books of Makrokosmos for solo piano contain 12 pieces, each bearing a dedication (a friend's initials, however he also wittily dedicates a piece to himself) at the end. On several occasions the pianist is required to sing, shout, whistle, whisper, and moan, as well as play the instrument conventionally and unconventionally. Makrokosmos was premiered by David Burge, who later recorded the work.[8]

    During the 1990s Crumb's musical output was less prolific, but since 2000 Crumb has written several works subtitled American Songbook. Each of these works is a set of arrangements of American hymns, spirituals and popular tunes: Crumb originally planned to produce four such volumes,[9] but in fact he continued to produce additional sets after the fourth (The Winds of Destiny) was written, with the seventh volume of the series (Voices from the Heartland) being completed in 2010. Typically these settings preserve the familiar tunes more-or-less intact,[10] but the accompaniments for amplified piano and percussionists use a very wide range of musical techniques and exotic sounds. In his most recent compositions, which have the subtitle Spanish Songbook, Crumb returns to settings of Lorca.

    Crumb's works are published by the C. F. Peters Corporation. Recordings of Crumb's music have appeared on many labels, including several LPs issued by Nonesuch Records in the 1970s. More recently, Bridge Records, Inc. has issued a series of CDs, the "Complete Crumb Edition".


    George Crumb Works



    George Crumb Orchestral

    • Gethsemane (1947), for small orchestra
    • Diptych (1955)
    • Variazioni (1959), for large orchestra
    • Echoes of Time and the River (Echoes II) (1967)
    • A Haunted Landscape (1984)

    George Crumb Vocal Choral Orchestral

    • Star-Child (1977, revised 1979), for soprano, antiphonal children's voices, male speaking choir, bell ringers, and large orchestra

    George Crumb Chamber/Instrumental

    • Two Duos (1944?), for flute and clarinet
    • Four Pieces (1945), for violin and piano
    • Violin Sonata (1949)
    • String Trio (1952)
    • Three Pastoral Pieces (1952), for oboe and piano
    • Viola Sonata (1953)
    • String Quartet (1954)
    • Sonata for Solo Cello (1955)
    • Four Nocturnes (Night Music II) (1964), for violin and piano
    • Eleven Echoes of Autumn, 1965 (Echoes I) (1966), for violin, alto flute, clarinet, and piano
    • Black Angels (Images I) (1970), for electric string quartet
    • Vox Balaenae (Voice of the Whale) (1971), for electric flute, electric cello, and amplified piano
    • Music for a Summer Evening (Makrokosmos III) (1974), for two amplified pianos and percussion (two players).
    • Dream Sequence (Images II) (1976), for violin, cello, piano, percussion (one player), and off-stage glass harmonica (two players)
    • String Trio (1982)
    • Pastoral Drone (1982), for organ
    • An Idyll for the Misbegotten (Images III) (1986), for amplified flute and percussion (three players).
    • Easter Dawning (1991), for carillon
    • Quest (1994), for guitar, soprano saxophone, harp, double bass, and percussion (two players)
    • Mundus Canis (A Dog's World) (1998), for guitar and percussion

    George Crumb Piano

    • Piano Sonata (1945)
    • Prelude and Toccata (1951)
    • Five Pieces (1962)
    • Makrokosmos, Volume I (1972), for amplified piano
    • Makrokosmos, Volume II (1973), for amplified piano
    • Celestial Mechanics (Makrokosmos IV) (1979), for amplified piano (four hands)
    • A Little Suite for Christmas, A.D. 1979 (1980)
    • Gnomic Variations (1981)
    • Processional (1983)
    • Zeitgeist (Tableaux Vivants) (1988), for two amplified pianos
    • Eine Kleine Mitternachtmusik (A Little Midnight Music) (2001)
    • Otherworldly Resonances (2003), for two pianos

    George Crumb Vocal

    • Four Songs (1945?), for voice, clarinet and piano
    • Seven Songs (1946), for voice and piano
    • Three Early Songs (1947), for voice and piano
    • A Cycle of Greek Lyrics (1950?), for voice and piano
    • Night Music I (1963, revised 1976), for soprano, piano/celeste, and two percussionists
    • Madrigals, Book I (1965), for soprano, vibraphone, and double bass
    • Madrigals, Book II (1965), for soprano, flute/alto flute/piccolo, and percussion
    • Songs, Drones, and Refrains of Death (1968), for baritone, electric guitar, electric double bass, amplified piano/electric harpsichord, and two percussionists
    • Night of the Four Moons (1969), for alto, alto flute/piccolo, banjo, electric cello, and percussion
    • Madrigals, Book III (1969), for soprano, harp, and percussion
    • Madrigals, Book IV (1969), for soprano, flute/alto flute/piccolo, harp, double bass, and percussion
    • Ancient Voices of Children (1970), for mezzo-soprano, boy soprano, oboe, mandolin, harp, amplified piano (and toy piano), and percussion (three players)
    • Lux Aeterna (1971) for soprano, bass flute/soprano recorder, sitar, and percussion (two players)
    • Apparition (1979), for soprano and amplified piano
    • The Sleeper (1984), for soprano and piano
    • Federico's Little Songs for Children (1986), for soprano, flute/piccolo/alto flute/bass flute, and harp
    • American Songbook I: The River of Life (2003), for soprano, percussion quartet and piano
    • American Songbook II: A Journey Beyond Time (2003), for soprano, percussion quartet and piano
    • American Songbook III: Unto the Hills (2001), for soprano, percussion quartet and piano
    • American Songbook IV: Winds of Destiny (2004), for soprano, percussion quartet and piano
    • American Songbook V: Voices from a Forgotten World (2007), for soprano, baritone, percussion quartet and piano
    • American Songbook VI: Voices from the Morning of the Earth (2008), for soprano, baritone, percussion quartet and piano
    • Spanish Songbook I: The Ghosts of Alhambra (2008), for baritone, guitar and percussion
    • Spanish Songbook II: Sun and Shadow (2009), for female voice and amplified piano
    • American Songbook VII: Voices from the Heartland (2010), for soprano, baritone, percussion quartet and piano
    • Spanish Songbook III: The Yellow Moon of Andalusia, for mezzo-soprano and amplified piano

    George Crumb Choral

    • Alleluja (1948), for unaccompanied chorus

    George Crumb Filmography


    • George Crumb: The Voice of the Whale (1976). Directed and produced by Robert Mugge. Interviewed by Richard Wernick. New York, New York: Rhapsody Films (released 1988).
    • Bad Dog!: A Portrait of George Crumb (2009). Directed by David Starobin. Interviews with the composer and performances of Apparition, Three Early Songs and Eine Kleine Mitternachtmusik. Released on DVD by Bridge Records (BRIDGE 9312).

    George Crumb References


    1. ^ Gillespie, Donald, ed. (1986) George Crumb: Profile of a Composer, C. F. Peters Corporation, 1986, p.77
    2. ^ Cope, David, Biography in Gillespie, op.cit., p.15
    3. ^ Anncrumb.com
    4. ^ For example, the score of Black Angels specifies that in places, amplification should reach 'the threshold of pain'.
    5. ^ As shown in this image of 'Spiral Galaxy' from Makrokosmos 1
    6. ^ Elektra Nonesuch CD 7559-79242-2
    7. ^ Kennedy, Michael (2006), The Oxford Dictionary of Music, 985 pages, ISBN 0-19-861459-4
    8. ^ Book 1: Nonesuch LP H-71293
    9. ^ Note by Eric Bruskin to CD BRIDGE 9335
    10. ^ "I determined to leave the beautiful melodies intact": quote from the composer in the note to CD set BRIDGE 9218

    George Crumb External links




    George Crum's Life George Crum Childhood Info About George Crum George Crumb Snack Food Black Angels George Crumb Johnny Duncan John Cage Milton Babbitt

    | George Crum's Life | George Crum Childhood | Info About George Crum | George Crumb Snack Food | Black Angels George Crumb | Johnny Duncan | John Cage | Milton Babbitt | George_Crumb | Star-Child_by_George_Crumb | Makrokosmos | Ancient_Voices_of_Children | Crumb | Black_Angels_(Crumb) | David_Crumb | Extended_technique | Crumb_(surname) | Kronos_Quartet | George_Crum_(musician) | Pulitzer_Prize_for_Music | Jan_DeGaetani | Nonesuch_Records | Jennifer_Higdon | Margaret_Brouwer | String piano
    Although few composers other than Cowell have used the term "string piano.html">String_piano" title="String piano">String piano
    Although few composers other than Cowell have used the term "string piano | Christopher_Rouse_(composer) | Gerald_Levinson | Osvaldo_Golijov | Bridge_Records | Yen_Lu | John_Bergamo | NewMusicBox | Ross_Lee_Finney | Cynthia_Cozette_Lee | Stephen_Jaffe | Philip_Maneval | Orchestra_2001 | Vocal_extended_technique | Black_Angels_(album) | WERGO | Susan_Narucki | Buell_Neidlinger | A_Little_Suite_for_Christmas,_A.D._1979 | Subharmonic | So_Percussion | David_Soyer | Lux_Aeterna | Ann_Callaway | Pittsburgh_New_Music_Ensemble | Rocksichord | Dan_Coleman | Simax_catalog | Nicholas_Isherwood | Joseph_Hallman | Georgia_Spiropoulos

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    Dieser Artikel basiert auf dem Artikel http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Crumb aus der freien Enzyklopaedie http://en.wikipedia.org bzw. http://www.wikipedia.org und steht unter der Doppellizenz GNU-Lizenz fuer freie Dokumentation und Creative Commons CC-BY-SA 3.0 Unported. In der Wikipedia ist eine Liste der Autoren unter http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=George_Crumb&action=history verfuegbar. Alle Angaben ohne Gewähr.

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