Gregory Peck Movies List Gregory Peck Family Tree Gregory Peck Family Photos Ethan Peck Cecilia Peck Veronique Peck Cary Grant
| Gregory_Peck | A_Conversation_With_Gregory_Peck | The_Omen | Audrey_Hepburn | Cape_Fear_(1962_film) | To_Kill_a_Mockingbird_(film) | MacArthur_(film) | Academy_Award_for_Best_Actor | Roman_Holiday | Ingrid_Bergman | On_the_Beach_(1959_film) | Arabesque_(1966_film) | The_Chairman | The_Gunfighter | Captain_Newman,_M.D. | Moby_Dick_(1956_film) | The_Sea_Wolves |
Publicity photo of Peck, 1948
April 5, 1916|
La Jolla, California, U.S.
|Died||June 12, 2003
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Cause of death||Bronchopneumonia|
|Resting place||Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels, Los Angeles, California|
|Residence||Los Angeles, California, U.S.|
|Education||St. John's Military Academy
San Diego High School
|Alma mater||San Diego State University
University of California, Berkeley
|Home town||San Diego, California, U.S.|
|Spouse(s)||Greta Kukkonen (m. 1942; d. 1955)
Veronique Passani (m. 1955–2003)
|Family||Ethan Peck (grandson)|
Eldred Gregory Peck (April 5, 1916 – June 12, 2003) was an American actor. One of the world's most popular film stars from the 1940s to the 1960s, Peck continued to play major film roles until the late 1970s. He is best known for his performance as Atticus Finch in the 1962 film To Kill a Mockingbird, which earned him the Academy Award for Best Actor. He had also been nominated for an Oscar for the same category for The Keys of the Kingdom (1944), The Yearling (1946), Gentleman's Agreement (1947) and Twelve O'Clock High (1949). Other notable films he appeared in include Spellbound (1945), The Paradine Case (1947), Roman Holiday (1953), Moby Dick (1956) (and its 1998 miniseries of the same name), Cape Fear (1962) (and its 1991 remake of the same name), How the West Was Won (1962), The Omen (1976) and The Boys from Brazil (1978).
President Lyndon Johnson honored Peck with the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1969 for his lifetime humanitarian efforts. In 1999, the American Film Institute named Peck among the Greatest Male Stars of All Time, ranking at No. 12. He was named to the International Best Dressed List Hall of Fame in 1983.
Eldred Gregory Peck was born in La Jolla, California, the son of Missouri-born Bernice Mae "Bunny" (née Ayres) and Gregory Pearl Peck, a New York-born chemist and pharmacist. His father was of Irish (maternal) heritage and English (paternal) heritage, while his mother had Scottish and English ancestry. Peck's father was a Catholic, while his mother converted to the denomination when she married his father. Through his Irish-born paternal grandmother Catherine Ashe, Peck was related to Thomas Ashe, who took part in the Easter Rising fewer than three weeks after Peck's birth and died while on hunger strike in 1917. Peck's parents divorced by the time he was six years old and he spent the next few years being raised by his maternal grandmother.
Peck attended a rowed on the university crew.
The Berkeley acting coach decided Peck would be perfect for university theater work. Peck developed an interest in acting and was recruited by Edwin Duerr, director of the university's Little Theater. He appeared in five plays during his senior year. Although his tuition fee was only $26 per year, Peck still struggled to pay, and had to work as a "hasher" (kitchen helper) for the Gamma Phi Beta sorority in exchange for meals. Peck would later say about Berkeley that, "it was a very special experience for me and three of the greatest years of my life. It woke me up and made me a human being." In 1997, Peck donated $25,000 to the Berkeley rowing crew in honor of his coach, the renowned Ky Ebright.
After graduating from Berkeley with a BA degree in English, Peck dropped the name "Eldred" and headed to New York City to study at the Neighborhood Playhouse with the legendary acting teacher Sanford Meisner. He was often broke and sometimes slept in Central Park. He worked at the 1939 World's Fair and as a tour guide for NBC's television broadcasting. In 1940, Peck learned more of the acting craft, working in exchange for food, at the Barter Theatre in Abingdon, VA, appearing in five plays including Family Portrait and On Earth As It Is.
His stage career began in 1941 when he played the secretary in a 
In 1947, Peck co-founded The La Jolla Playhouse, at his birthplace, with Mel Ferrer and Dorothy McGuire. This local community theater and landmark (now in a new home at the University of California, San Diego) still thrives today. It has attracted Hollywood film stars on hiatus both as performers and enthusiastic supporters since its inception.
Peck's first film, Days of Glory, was released in 1944. He was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor five times, four of which came in his first five years of film acting: for The Keys of the Kingdom (1944), The Yearling (1946), Gentleman's Agreement (1947), and Twelve O'Clock High (1949).
The Keys of the Kingdom emphasized his stately presence. As the farmer Ezra "Penny" Baxter in The Yearling, his good-humored warmth and affection toward the characters playing his son and wife confounded critics who had been insisting he was a lifeless performer. Duel in the Sun (1946) showed his range as an actor in his first "against type" role as a cruel, libidinous gunslinger. Gentleman's Agreement established his power in the "social conscience" genre in a film that took on the deep-seated but subtle antisemitism of mid-century corporate America. Twelve O'Clock High was the first of many successful war films in which Peck embodied the brave, effective, yet human fighting man.
Among his other films were Spellbound (1945), The Paradine Case (1947), The Gunfighter (1950), Moby Dick (1956), The Man in the Gray Flannel Suit (1956), On the Beach (1959), which brought to life the terrors of global nuclear war, The Guns of Navarone (1961), and Roman Holiday (1953), with Audrey Hepburn in her Oscar-winning role. Peck and Hepburn were close friends until her death; Peck even introduced her to her first husband, Mel Ferrer. Peck once again teamed up with director William Wyler in the epic Western The Big Country (1958), which he co-produced. Peck won the Academy Award with his fifth nomination, playing Atticus Finch, a Depression-era lawyer and widowed father, in a film adaptation of the Harper Lee novel To Kill a Mockingbird. Released in 1962 during the height of the US civil rights movement in the South, this movie and his role were Peck's favorites. In 2003, Atticus Finch was named the top film hero of the past 100 years by the American Film Institute.
Peck served as the president of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences in 1967, Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the American Film Institute from 1967 to 1969, Chairman of the Motion Picture and Television Relief Fund in 1971, and National Chairman of the American Cancer Society in 1966. He was a member of the National Council on the Arts from 1964 to 1966.
A physically powerful man, he was known to do a majority of his own fight scenes, rarely using body or stunt doubles. In fact, Robert Mitchum, his on-screen opponent in Cape Fear, told about the time Peck once accidentally punched him for real during their final fight scene in the movie, he felt the impact for days afterward. Peck's rare attempts at villainous roles were not acclaimed. Early on, he played the renegade son in the Western Duel in the Sun and, later in his career, the infamous Nazi doctor Josef Mengele in The Boys from Brazil co-starring Laurence Olivier.
In the 1980s Peck moved to television, where he starred in the mini-series The Blue and the Gray, playing Abraham Lincoln. He also starred with Christopher Plummer, John Gielgud, and Barbara Bouchet in the television film The Scarlet and The Black, about Monsignor Hugh O'Flaherty, a real-life Roman Catholic priest in the Vatican who smuggled Jews and other refugees away from the Nazis during World War II.
His last prominent film role also came in 1991, in Other People's Money, directed by Norman Jewison and based on the stage play of that name. Peck played a business owner trying to save his company against a hostile takeover bid by a Wall Street liquidator played by Danny DeVito.
Peck retired from active film-making at that point. Peck spent the last few years of his life touring the world doing speaking engagements in which he would show clips from his movies, reminisce, and take questions from the audience. He did come out of retirement for a 1998 miniseries version of one of his most famous films, Moby Dick, portraying Father Mapple (played by Orson Welles in the 1956 version), with Patrick Stewart as Captain Ahab, the role Peck played in the earlier film. It would be his final performance, and it won him the Golden Globe for Best Supporting Actor in a Series, Miniseries or Television Film.
In 1947, while many Hollywood figures were being blacklisted for similar activities, Peck signed a letter deploring a House Un-American Activities Committee investigation of alleged communists in the film industry.
A lifelong supporter of the Democratic Party, Peck was suggested in 1970 as a possible Democratic candidate to run against Ronald Reagan for the office of California Governor. Although he later admitted that he had no interest in being a candidate himself for public office, Peck encouraged one of his sons, Carey Peck, to run for political office. Carey was defeated both times by slim margins in races in 1978 and 1980 against Republican U.S. Representative Bob Dornan, another former actor.
In an interview with the Irish media, Peck revealed that former President Lyndon Johnson had told him that, had he sought re-election in 1968, he intended to offer Peck the post of U.S. ambassador to Ireland – a post Peck, owing to his Irish ancestry, said he might well have taken, saying "[It] would have been a great adventure". The actor's biographer Michael Freedland substantiates the report and says that Johnson indicated that his presentation of the Medal of Freedom to Peck would perhaps make up for his inability to confer the ambassadorship. President Richard Nixon, though, placed Peck on his enemies list owing to his liberal activism.
Peck was outspoken against the Vietnam War, while remaining supportive of his son, Stephen, who fought there. In 1972, Peck produced the film version of Daniel Berrigan's play The Trial of the Catonsville Nine about the prosecution of a group of Vietnam protesters for civil disobedience. Despite his reservations about American general Douglas MacArthur as a man, Peck had long wanted to play him on film, and did so in MacArthur in 1976.
In 1978, Peck traveled to Alabama, the setting of To Kill a Mockingbird, to campaign for Democratic U.S. Senate nominee Donald W. Stewart of Anniston, who defeated the Republican candidate, James D. Martin, a former U.S. representative from Gadsden.
In 1987, Peck undertook the voice-overs for television commercials opposing President Reagan's Supreme Court nomination of conservative jurist Robert Bork. Bork's nomination was defeated. Peck was also a vocal supporter of a worldwide ban of nuclear weapons, and a lifelong advocate of gun control.
In October 1942 Peck married Finnish-born Greta Kukkonen (1911–2008), with whom he had three sons, Jonathan (1944–75), Stephen (b. 1946), and Carey Paul (b. 1949). They were divorced on December 30, 1955, but maintained a very good relationship. Jonathan Peck, a television news reporter, committed suicide in 1975. Stephen Peck is active in support of American veterans from the Vietnam War; his first wife is screenwriter Kimi Peck, who co-wrote Little Darlings with Dalene Young. Carey Peck had political ambitions, running for Congress in California in 1978 and again in 1980 with the support of his father and family. He narrowly lost to conservative Republican Bob Dornan.
During his marriage with Greta, Peck had a brief affair with Spellbound costar Ingrid Bergman. He confessed the affair to Brad Darrach of People in a 1987 interview saying, “All I can say is that I had a real love for her (Bergman), and I think that’s where I ought to stop…. I was young. She was young. We were involved for weeks in close and intense work.” 
On December 31, 1955, the day after his divorce was finalized, Peck married Veronique Passani (1932–2012), a Paris news reporter who had interviewed him in 1953 before he went to Italy to film Roman Holiday. He asked her to lunch six months later and they became inseparable. They had a son, Anthony Peck, and a daughter, Cecilia Peck. The couple remained married until Gregory Peck's death. His daughter Cecilia lives in Los Angeles.
Peck had grandchildren from both marriages.
Peck owned the thoroughbred steeplechase race horse Different Class, which raced in England. The horse was favored for the 1968 Grand National but finished third. Peck was close friends with French president Jacques Chirac.
Peck was a Catholic and once considered becoming a priest. When asked if he was a practicing Catholic, Peck laughed "Not a fanatic, but I practice enough to keep the franchise." He disagreed with the Church's positions on abortion and the ordination of women. His second marriage was performed by a justice of the peace instead of within the Church because of the Catholic Church's prohibition of divorced persons receiving Church weddings that have not been annulled. Some ways Peck expressed his faith was as a significant fundraiser for a priest friend of his (Father Albert O'Hara), and co-producer of a cassette recording of the New Testament with his son Stephen.
Gregory Peck is entombed in the Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels mausoleum in Los Angeles, California. His eulogy was read by Brock Peters, whose character, Tom Robinson, was defended by Peck's Atticus Finch in To Kill a Mockingbird.
Peck was nominated for five Academy Awards, winning once. He was nominated for The Keys of the Kingdom (1945), The Yearling (1946), Gentleman's Agreement (1947) and Twelve O'Clock High (1949). He won the Academy Award for Best Actor for his role as Atticus Finch in the 1962 film To Kill a Mockingbird. In 1968 he received the Academy's Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award.
Peck also received many Golden Globe awards. He won in 1947 for The Yearling, in 1963 for To Kill a Mockingbird, and in 1999 for the TV mini series Moby Dick. He was nominated in 1978 for The Boys from Brazil. He received the Cecil B. DeMille Award in 1969, and was given the Henrietta Award in 1951 and 1955 for World Film Favorite – Male.
In 1969, US President Lyndon Johnson honored Peck with the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the nation's highest civilian honor. In 1971 the Screen Actors Guild presented Peck with the SAG Life Achievement Award. In 1989 the American Film Institute gave Peck the AFI Life Achievement Award. He received the Crystal Globe award for outstanding artistic contribution to world cinema in 1996.
In 2000 Peck was made a Doctor of Letters by the National University of Ireland. He was a founding patron of the University College Dublin School of Film, where he persuaded Martin Scorsese to become an honorary patron. Peck was also chairman of the American Cancer Society for a short time.
For his contribution to the motion picture industry, Gregory Peck has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6100 Hollywood Blvd. In November 2005 the star was stolen, and has since been replaced.
On April 28, 2011, a ceremony was held in Beverly Hills, California celebrating the first day of issue of a U.S. postage stamp commemorating Peck. The stamp is the 17th commemorative stamp in the Legends of Hollywood series.
|1944||Days of Glory||Vladimir|
|The Keys of the Kingdom||Father Francis Chisholm||Nominated – Academy Award for Best Actor|
|1945||The Valley of Decision||Paul Scott|
|1946||The Yearling||Ezra "Penny" Baxter||Golden Globe Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Drama
Nominated – Academy Award for Best Actor
|Duel in the Sun||Lewton 'Lewt' McCanles|
|1947||The Macomber Affair||Robert Wilson|
|Gentleman's Agreement||Philip Schuyler Green||Nominated – Academy Award for Best Actor|
|The Paradine Case||Anthony Keane|
|1949||Yellow Sky||James 'Stretch' Dawson|
|The Great Sinner||Fedja|
|Twelve O'Clock High||Gen. Frank Savage||Nominated – Academy Award for Best Actor|
|1950||The Gunfighter||Jimmy Ringo|
|1951||Captain Horatio Hornblower||Captain Horatio Hornblower|
|Only the Valiant||Captain Richard Lance|
|Screen Snapshots: Hollywood Awards||Short subject|
|David and Bathsheba||King David|
|Pictura: An Adventure in Art||Narrator||Documentary|
|1952||The Snows of Kilimanjaro||Harry Street|
|The World in His Arms||Capt. Jonathan Clark|
|1953||The Million Pound Note||Henry Adams|
|Roman Holiday||Joe Bradley||Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role|
|1954||Night People||Col. Steve Van Dyke|
|The Purple Plain||Squadron Leader Bill Forrester|
|1956||The Man in the Gray Flannel Suit||Tom Rath|
|Moby Dick||Captain Ahab|
|1957||Designing Woman||Mike Hagen|
|1958||The Hidden World||Narrator||Documentary|
|The Bravados||Jim Douglass|
|The Big Country||James McKay||Also producer|
|1959||Pork Chop Hill||Lieutenant Joe Clemons|
|Beloved Infidel||F. Scott Fitzgerald|
|On the Beach||Cmdr. Dwight Lionel Towers, USS Sawfish|
|1961||The Guns of Navarone||Capt. Keith Mallory|
|1962||Cape Fear||Sam Bowden|
|Lykke og krone||Documentary|
|How the West Was Won||Cleve Van Valen|
|To Kill a Mockingbird||Atticus Finch||Academy Award for Best Actor
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Drama
Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
|1963||Captain Newman, M.D.||Capt. Josiah J. Newman, MD||Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama|
|1964||Behold a Pale Horse||Manuel Artiguez|
|1966||John F. Kennedy: Years of Lightning, Day of Drums||Narrator||Documentary|
|Arabesque||Prof. David Pollock|
|1969||The Stalking Moon||Sam Varner|
|The Chairman||John Hathaway|
|1970||I Walk the Line||Sheriff Tawes|
|1971||Shoot Out||Clay Lomax|
|1974||Billy Two Hats||Arch Deans|
|1976||The Omen||Robert Thorn|
|1977||MacArthur||General Douglas MacArthur||Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama|
|1978||The Boys from Brazil||Josef Mengele||Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama|
|1980||The Sea Wolves||Col. Lewis Pugh|
|1982||The Blue and the Gray||Abraham Lincoln|
|1983||The Scarlet and the Black||Monsignor Hugh O'Flaherty|
|1984||Terror in the Aisles||Documentary. Archival footage.|
|1985||Sanford Meisner: The American Theatre's Best Kept Secret||Documentary|
|1986||Directed by William Wyler||Documentary|
|1987||Amazing Grace and Chuck||President|
|1989||Old Gringo||Ambrose Bierce|
|Super Chief: The Life and Legacy of Earl Warren||Narrator||Documentary|
|1991||Other People's Money||Andrew Jorgenson|
|Frederic Remington: The Truth of Other Days||Narrator||Documentary|
|Cape Fear||Lee Heller|
|1993||The Portrait||Gardner Church|
|1994||L'Hidato Shel Adolf Eichmann||Narrator||Documentary|
|1996||Wild Bill: Hollywood Maverick||Documentary|
|1998||Moby Dick||Father Mapple||TV Miniseries
Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Series, Miniseries or Television Film
|1999||The Art of Norton Simon||Narrator||Short subject|
|American Prophet: The Story of Joseph Smith||Narrator|
|2000||A Conversation With Gregory Peck||Himself||Documentary|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gregory Peck.|
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Gregory Peck|
|Non-profit organization positions|
|President of Academy of Motion Pictures, Arts and Sciences