IMMIGRATION TO CANADA

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  1. Immigration-Canada - A moderated mailing list to discuss Current Immigration Issues in Canada. All opinions welcome.
  2. Immigration au Canada - Conseils sur l'immigration des français ou francophones.
  3. Immigrer au Canada - Histoire de bureaucratie qui n'en finit pas et qui à la fin, ne fait aucun sens.
  4. Migration Bureau - Offering services for immigration to Canada, New Zealand and Australia.
  5. Immigroup Immigration Services - Services and information for people interested in immigrating to Canada.
  6. Canada - Canadian High Commission offering consular assistance and information about immigration to Canada.
  7. Soft Landings Newcomers Assistance - An organization incorporated to assist new immigrants to Canada, Australia, New Zealand, the UK, and the USA with their relocation and successful integration.
  8. Canada Immigration Newsletter - A free newsletter with news, information and developments about immigration to Canada. From the firm of Campbell and Cohen.
  9. An ESL blog - Offers glimpses of North American life through the perspective of an immigrant to Canada.
  10. Chinese Immigration - A CBC News special report on the history of Chinese immigration to Canada.
  11. Rooney - History of the linegaes that settled in Minnesota in the mid 1860s after immigrating to Canada from Ireland in the mid 1830s.
  12. Reinders Family - Ancestors and descendants of John Reinders who immigrated to Canada in July 1954 on the ship Groote Beer. Originally from Hoogeveen, Drenthe the Netherlands.
  13. Courtnage Site - Descendants of William Courtnage featuring photographs, immigration to Canada, letters from 1837, churches and communities, plus a family forum.
  14. UBC Library - Special Collections and University Archives - Collection houses rare research materials, children's literature, historic maps and photographs, a special section on the history of Chinese immigrants to Canada.
  15. Immigration au Canada - Conseils destinés aux nouveaux immigrants. Où acheter ses meubles, ses électroménagers, sa nourriture. Historique et divers guides.
  16. Dalma immigration - Fournit une aide aux personnes désirant immigrer au Canada en les informant des lois et en les guidant dans les formalités.
  17. Immigration et recrutement international (IRIQ) - Aide dans les démarches pour immigrer au Canada, travailler ou y étudier. Explique ses services et propose un formulaire en ligne. Montréal, Québec.
  18. CIC Cultural Profile Project: Bahrain - Overview of Bahraini life includes landscape and climate, family life, work, recreation, arts and literature, history and education. Funded by Citizenship and Immigration Canada.
  19. CIC Cultural Profile Project: Qatar - Overview of Qatari life includes landscape and climate, family life, work, recreation, arts and literature, history and education. Funded by Citizenship and Immigration Canada.
  20. CIC Cultural Profile Project - Burundi - Overview of Bahraini life includes landscape and climate, family life, work, recreation, arts and literature, history and education. From Citizenship and Immigration Canada.


  21. [ Link Deletion Request ]

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    Immigration to Canada


    Canadian citizenship
    This article is part of a series
    Immigration
    Immigration to Canada
    History of immigration to Canada
    Economic impact of immigration
    Canadian immigration and refugee law
    Immigration Act, 1976
    Immigration and Refugee Protection Act
    Permanent residency
    Temporary residency
    Permanent Resident Card
    Canadian nationality law
    History of nationality law
    Citizenship Act 1946
    Citizenship Test
    Oath of Citizenship
    Agencies
    Citizenship and Immigration Canada
    Passport Canada
    Citizenship classes
    Honorary citizenship
    Commonwealth citizen
    Issues
    Lost Canadians
    "Canadians of convenience"
    Demographics of Canada
    Canadians
    Population by year
    Ethnic origins

    Immigration to Canada is the process by which people migrate to Canada to reside in the country. The majority of these individuals become Canadian citizens. After 1947, domestic immigration law and policy went through major changes, most notably with the Immigration Act, 1976, and the current Immigration and Refugee Protection Act from 2002. Canadian immigration policies are still evolving. As recent as in 2008, Citizenship and Immigration Canada has made significant changes to streamline the steady flow of immigrants. The changes included reduced professional categories for skilled immigration as well as caps for immigrants in various categories. Since 2001, immigration has ranged between 221,352 and 262,236 immigrants per annum.[1]

    In Canada there are four categories of immigrants: family class (closely related persons of Canadian residents living in Canada), economic immigrants (skilled workers and business people), other (people accepted as immigrants for humanitarian or compassionate reasons) and refugees (people who are escaping persecution, torture or cruel and unusual punishment).

    Currently, Canada is known as a country with a broad immigration policy which is reflected in Canada's ethnic diversity. According to the 2001 census by Statistics Canada, Canada has 33 ethnic groups with at least one hundred thousand members each, of which 10 have over 1,000,000 people and numerous others represented in smaller amounts. 16.2% of the population belonged to visible minorities: most numerous among these are South Asian (4.0% of the population), Chinese (3.9%), Black descent (2.5%), and Filipino (1.3%). Other than Canadians of British, Irish, or French descent there are more members of Ethnic groups not classified as visible minorities than this 16.2%; the largest are: German (10.18%), and Italian (4.63%), with 3.87% being Ukrainian, 3.87% being Dutch, and 3.15% being Polish. Other minority ethnic origins include Russian (1.60%), Norwegian (1.38%), Portuguese (1.32%), and Swedish (1.07%).[2] ("North American Indians", a group which may include migrants of indigenous origin from the United States and Mexico but which for the most part are not considered immigrants, comprise 4.01% of the national population.)[2] One of the major issues immigrant groups faces upon arrival to Canada are ethnic penalties.[3]


    Immigration to Canada History


    A collection of four maps showing the distribution of the Canadian population for 1851 (Newfoundland 1857), 1871 (Newfoundland 1869), 1901 and 1921 by historical region.
    Come to Stay, printed in 1880 in the Canadian Illustrated News, which refers to immigration to the "Dominion".

    After the initial period of British and French colonization, four major waves (or peaks) of immigration and settlement of non-aboriginal peoples took place over a period of almost two centuries. The fifth wave is currently ongoing.


    Immigration to Canada First wave

    The first wave of significant, non-aboriginal immigration to Canada occurred over almost two centuries with slow but progressive French settlement of Quebec and Acadia with smaller numbers of American and European entrepreneurs in addition to British military personnel. This wave culminated with the influx of 46–50,000 British Loyalists fleeing the American Revolution, chiefly from the Mid-Atlantic States mostly into what is today Southern Ontario, the Eastern Townships of Quebec, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. A second wave of 30,000 Americans settled in Ontario between the late 1780s and 1812 with promises of land. Scottish Highlanders from land clearances also became landers in Canada during this period.


    Immigration to Canada Second wave

    The second wave from Britain and Ireland was encouraged to settle in Canada after the War of 1812, and included British army regulars who had served in the war. The colonial governors of Canada, who were worried about another American invasion attempt and to counter the French-speaking influence of Quebec, rushed to promote settlement in back country areas along newly constructed plank roads within organized land tracts, mostly in Upper Canada (present-day Ontario). With the second wave Irish immigration to Canada had been increasing and peaked when the Irish Potato Famine occurred from 1846 to 1849 resulting in hundreds of thousands more Irish arriving on Canada's shores, although a significant portion migrated to the United States either in the short-term or over the subsequent decades.

    The Dominion Lands Act of 1872 copied the American system by offering ownership of 160 acres of land free (except for a small registration fee) to any man over 18 or any woman heading a household. They need not be citizens, but had to live on the plot and improve it.

    Also during this period, Canada became a port of entry for many Europeans seeking to gain entry into the U.S. Canadian transportation companies advertised Canadian ports as a hassle-free way to enter the U.S. especially as the U.S. began barring entry to certain ethnicities. The U.S. and Canada mitigated this situation in 1894 with the Canadian Agreement which allowed for U.S. immigration officials to inspect ships landing at Canadian ports for immigrants excluded from the U.S. If found, the transporting companies were responsible for shipping the persons back.[4]

    Clifford Sifton, minister of the Interior in Ottawa, 1896–1905, argued that the free western lands were ideal for growing wheat and would attract large numbers of hard-working farmers. He removed obstacles that included control of the lands by companies or organizations that did little to encourage settlement. Land companies, the Hudson's Bay Company, and school lands all accounted for large tracts of excellent land. The railways kept closed even larger tracts because they were reluctant to take legal title to the even-numbered lands they were due, thus blocking sale of odd-numbered tracts. Sifton broke the legal log jam, and set up aggressive advertising campaigns in the U.S. and Europe, with a host of agents promoting the Canadian west. He also brokered deals with ethnic groups that wanted large tracts for homogeneous settlement. His goal was to maximize immigration from Britain, eastern Canada and the U.S.[5]


    Immigration to Canada Third wave

    The third wave of immigration coming mostly from continental Europe peaked prior to World War I, between 1911–1913 (over 400,000 in 1912) and the fourth wave also from that same continent in 1957 (282,000), making Canada a more multiethnic country with substantial non-English or -French speaking populations. For example, Ukrainian Canadians account for the largest Ukrainian population outside Ukraine and Russia. Periods of lowered immigration have also occurred, especially during the First World War and the Second World War, in addition to the Great Depression.

    Immigration since the 1970s has overwhelmingly been of visible minorities from the developing world. This was largely influenced in 1967 when the Immigration Act was revised and this continued to be official government policy. During the Mulroney government, immigration levels were increased. By the late 1980s, the fifth wave of immigration has maintained with slight fluctuations since (225,000–275,000 annually). Currently, most immigrants come from South Asia and China and this trend is expected to continue.[citation needed]


    Immigration to Canada Chinese

    Prior to 1885, restrictions on immigration were imposed mostly in response to large waves of immigration rather than planned policy decisions, but not specifically targeted at one group or ethnicity, at least as official policy. Then came the introduction of the first Chinese Head Tax legislation passed in 1885, which was in response to a growing number of Chinese working on the Canadian Pacific Railway. Subsequent increases in the head tax in 1900 and 1903 limited Chinese entrants to Canada. In 1923 the government passed the Chinese Immigration Act which excluded Chinese from entering Canada altogether between 1923 and 1947. For discriminating against Chinese immigrants in past periods, an official government apology and compensations were announced on 22 June 2006.


    Immigration to Canada Citizenship

    Canadian citizenship was originally created under the Immigration Act, 1910, to designate those British subjects who were domiciled in Canada. All other British subjects required permission to land. A separate status of "Canadian national" was created under the Canadian Nationals Act, 1921, which was defined as being a Canadian citizen as defined above, their wives, and any children (fathered by such citizens) that had not yet landed in Canada. After the passage of the Statute of Westminster in 1931, the monarchy ceased to be an exclusively British institution. Because of this Canadians, and others living in countries that became known as Commonwealth realms, were known as subjects of the Crown. However in legal documents the term "British subject" continued to be used.

    Canada was the first nation in the then British Commonwealth to establish its own nationality law in 1946, with the enactment of the Canadian Citizenship Act 1946. This took effect on January 1, 1947. In order to acquire Canadian citizenship on January 1, 1947, one generally had to be a British subject on that date, an Indian or Eskimo, or had been admitted to Canada as landed immigrants before that date. The phrase British subject refers in general to anyone from the United Kingdom, its colonies at the time, or a Commonwealth country. Acquisition and loss of British subject status before 1947 was determined by United Kingdom law (see History of British nationality law).

    On 15 February 1977, Canada removed restrictions on dual citizenship. Many of the provisions to acquire or lose Canadian citizenship that existed under the 1946 legislation were repealed. Canadian citizens are in general no longer subject to involuntary loss of citizenship, barring revocation on the grounds of immigration fraud.

    Statistics Canada has tabulated the effect of immigration on population growth in Canada from 1851 to 2001.[6]


    Immigration to Canada Emigration

    Emigration from Canada to the United States has historically exceeded immigration, but there were short periods where the reverse was true; for example, the Loyalist refugees; during the various British Columbia gold rushes and later the Klondike Gold Rush which saw many American prospectors inhabiting British Columbia and the Yukon; land settlers moving from the Northern Plains to the Prairies in the early 20th century and also during periods of political turmoil and/or during wars, for example the Vietnam War. In recent years, the emigration from Canada to the U.S. is very small in numbers compared to immigrants coming to Canada. However, in an interesting turn of events, between 2009 and 2011, Canada has experienced a 200% increase in immigrants moving from the U.S. to Canada due to the thriving Canadian economy and stable political and banking landscape.[7]


    Immigration to Canada Immigration rate


    In 2001, 250,640 people immigrated to Canada, relative to a total population of 30,007,094 people per the 2001 Census. On a compounded basis, that immigration rate represents 8.7% population growth over 10 years, or 23.1% over 25 years (or 6.9 million people). Since 2001, immigration has ranged between 221,352 and 262,236 immigrants per annum.[1] The three main official reasons given for the high level of immigration are:

      100,000 +
      50,000-99,999
      20,000-49,999
      10,000-19,999
    1. The social component – Canada facilitates family reunification.
    2. The humanitarian component – Relating to refugees.
    3. The economic component – Attracting immigrants who will contribute economically and fill labour market needs (See related article, Economic impact of immigration to Canada).

    The level of immigration peaked in 1993 in the last year of the Progressive Conservative government and was maintained by Liberal Party of Canada. Ambitious targets of an annual 1% per capita immigration rate were hampered by financial constraints. The Liberals committed to raising actual immigration levels further in 2005. All political parties are now cautious about criticizing the high level of immigration.

    Immigrant population growth is concentrated in or near large cities (particularly Vancouver, Toronto, and Montreal). These cities are experiencing increased services demands that accompany strong population growth, causing concern about the capability of infrastructure in those cities to handle the influx. For example, a Toronto Star article published on 14 July 2006 authored by Daniel Stoffman noted that 43% of immigrants move to the Greater Toronto Area and said "unless Canada cuts immigrant numbers, our major cities will not be able to maintain their social and physical infrastructures".[8] Most of the provinces that do not have one of those destination cities have implemented strategies to try to boost their share of immigration.

    According to Citizenship and Immigration Canada, under the Canada-Quebec Accord of 1991, Quebec has sole responsibility for selecting most immigrants destined to the province. Of course, once one they are granted citizenship, they can move from provinces to provinces like any other Canadian.


    Immigration to Canada Immigration categories


    There are three main categories to Canadian immigration:

    Economic immigrants
    Citizenship and Immigration Canada uses several sub-categories of economic immigrants. The high-profile Skilled worker principal applicants group comprised 19.8% of all immigration in 2005. Canada has also created a VIP Business Immigration Program which allows immigrants with sufficient business experience or management experience to receive the Permanent Residency in a shorter period than other types of immigrations. The Province of Quebec has a program called the Immigrant Investor Program.[1]
    Family class
    Under a government program, both citizens and permanent residents can sponsor family members to immigrate to Canada.
    Refugees
    Immigration of refugees and those in need of protection.

    In 2010, Canada accepted 280,681 immigrants (permanent and temporary) of which 186,913 (67%) were Economic immigrants; 60,220 (22%) were Family class; 24,696 (9%) were Refugees; and 8,845 (2%) were Other.[9]

    Under Canadian nationality law an immigrant can apply for citizenship after living in Canada for 1095 days (3 years) in any 5-year period provided that they lived in Canada as a permanent resident for at least two of those years.[10]

    See also: Temporary Labour Migration

    Immigration to Canada Sources of immigration


    Canada receives its immigrant population from over 200 countries of origin.

    Permanent Residents Admitted in 2012, by Top 10 Source Countries[11]
    Rank Country Number Percentage
    1 China 33,018 12.8
    2 Philippines 32,747 12.7
    3 India 28,943 11.2
    4 Pakistan 9,931 3.9
    5 United States 9,414 3.7
    6 France 8,138 3.2
    7 Iran 6,463 2.5
    8 United Kingdom and Colonies 6,365 2.5
    9 Haiti 5,599 2.2
    10 South Korea 5,308 2.1
    Top 10 Total 145,926 56.6
    Other 111,961 43.4
    Total 257,887 100

    Statistics Canada projects that, by 2031, almost one-half of the population over the age of 15 will be foreign-born or have at least one foreign-born parent.[12] The number of visible minorities will double and make up the majority of the population of cities in Canada.[13]


    Immigration to Canada Canadian permanent resident population by country of birth (2005)

    Sources: [14][15]

    Rank Country of birth Population Portion of immigrants in Canada Portion of Canadian population Notes
    1  Canada 24,788,720 N/A 79.3%
    Outside Canada 6,186,950 100% 19.8%
    2  United Kingdom 579,620 9.4% 1.9% The official name is 'United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland'. It includes England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales.
    3  China 466,940 7.5% 1.5% The official name is 'People's Republic of China'. These figures exclude the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau, which are included separately in this table.
    4  India 443,690 7.2% 1.4%
    5  Philippines 303,195 4.9% 1%
    6  Italy 296,850 4.8% 1%
    7  United States 250,535 4% 0.8% The official name is 'United States of America'.
    8  Hong Kong 215,430 3.5% 0.7% Special administrative region of the People's Republic of China.
    9  Germany 171,405 2.8% 0.5%
    10  Poland 170,490 2.8% 0.5%
    11  Vietnam 160,170 2.6% 0.5%
    12  Portugal 150,390 2.4% 0.5%
    13  Pakistan 133,280 2.2% 0.4%
    14  Jamaica 123,420 2% 0.4%
    15  Netherlands 111,990 1.8% 0.4%
    16  Sri Lanka 105,670 1.7% 0.3%
    17  South Korea 98,395 1.6% 0.3% The official name is 'Republic of Korea'.
    18  Iran 92,090 1.5% 0.3%
    19  Guyana 87,195 1.4% 0.3%
    20  Romania 82,645 1.3% 0.3%
    21  France 79,550 1.3% 0.3%
    22  Lebanon 75,275 1.2% 0.2%
    23  Greece 73,125 1.2% 0.2%
    24  Trinidad and Tobago 65,540 1.1% 0.2%
    25  Taiwan 65,205 1.1% 0.2% The official name is 'Republic of China'.
    26  Russia 64,130 1% 0.2%
    27  Haiti 63,350 1% 0.2%
    28  Ukraine 59,460 1% 0.2%
    29  Mexico 49,925 0.8% 0.2% The official name is 'United States of Mexico'.
    30  Hungary 45,940 0.7% 0.1%
    31  El Salvador 42,780 0.7% 0.1%
    32  Egypt 40,575 0.7% 0.1%
    33  Croatia 39,250 0.6% 0.1%
    34  Colombia 39,145 0.6% 0.1%
    35  Morocco 39,055 0.6% 0.1%
    36  South Africa 38,305 0.6% 0.1%
    37  Yugoslavia, n.o.s. 37,205 0.6% 0.1% The abbreviation 'n.o.s.' means 'not otherwise specified'. Includes immigrants from the former Yugoslavia who did not state which former Yugoslav country they were born in. At the time of the Canada 2006 Census, the countries that had been part of Yugoslavia included Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Serbia and Montenegro, and Slovenia.
    38  Afghanistan 36,165 0.6% 0.1%
    39  Iraq 33,545 0.5% 0.1%
    40  Bangladesh 33,230 0.5% 0.1%
    41  Algeria 32,255 0.5% 0.1%
    42  Bosnia and Herzegovina 28,730 0.5% 0.1%
    43  Chile 26,505 0.4% 0.1%
    44  Serbia and Montenegro 25,465 0.4% 0.1% Now divided into Kosovo, Montenegro, and Serbia.
    45  Fiji 24,390 0.4% 0.1%
    46  Kenya 22,475 0.4% 0.1%
    47  Ireland 22,370 0.4% 0.1% The official name is 'Republic of Ireland'.
    48  Peru 22,080 0.4% 0.1%
    49  Czech Republic 22,030 0.4% 0.1%
    50  Malaysia 21,885 0.4% 0.1%
    51  Japan 21,705 0.4% 0.1%
    52  Turkey 21,580 0.3% 0.1%
    53  Israel 21,320 0.3% 0.1%
    54  Austria 20,795 0.3% 0.1%
    55  Belgium 20,215 0.3% 0.1%
    56  Cambodia 20,190 0.3% 0.1%
    57   Switzerland 19,955 0.3% 0.1%
    58  Tanzania 19,765 0.3% 0.1%
    59  Ethiopia 19,715 0.3% 0.1%
    60  Somalia 19,515 0.3% 0.1%
    61  Ghana 18,830 0.3% 0.1%
    62  Syria 18,800 0.3% 0.1%
    63  Australia 18,165 0.3% 0.1% Includes Norfolk Island.
    64  Argentina 18,120 0.3% 0.1%
    65  Denmark 17,360 0.3% 0.1% Includes the Faroe Islands.
    66  Bulgaria 15,955 0.3% 0.1%
    67  Guatemala 15,705 0.3% 0.1%
    68  Barbados 15,325 0.2% 0%
    69  Brazil 15,120 0.2% 0%
    70  Slovakia 14,825 0.2% 0%
    71  Nigeria 14,705 0.2% 0%
    72  Laos 14,465 0.2% 0%
    73  Democratic Republic of the Congo 14,125 0.2% 0%
    74  Ecuador 13,480 0.2% 0%
    75  Sudan 12,590 0.2% 0% Now divided into Sudan and South Sudan.
    76  Finland 12,545 0.2% 0%
    77  Indonesia 12,260 0.2% 0%
    78  Saudi Arabia 11,630 0.2% 0%
    79  Uganda 11,005 0.2% 0%
    80  Kuwait 10,520 0.2% 0%
    81  Albania 10,295 0.2% 0%
    82  Spain 10,290 0.2% 0%
    83  Venezuela 10,270 0.2% 0%
    84  Singapore 9,880 0.2% 0%
    85  United Arab Emirates 9,865 0.2% 0%
    86  Thailand 9,705 0.2% 0%
    87  Mauritius 9,660 0.2% 0%
    88  Slovenia 9,460 0.2% 0%
    89  New Zealand 9,415 0.2% 0% Includes Niue and Tokelau.
    90  Nicaragua 9,095 0.1% 0%
    91  Cuba 8,865 0.1% 0%
    92  St. Vincent and the Grenadines 8,795 0.1% 0%
    93  Grenada 8,740 0.1% 0%
    94  Macedonia 8,505 0.1% 0%
    95  Malta 8,255 0.1% 0%
    96  Paraguay 7,530 0.1% 0%
    97  Jordan 7,440 0.1% 0%
    98  Tunisia 7,410 0.1% 0%
    99  Belarus 7,270 0.1% 0%
    100  Latvia 7,085 0.1% 0%
    101  Sweden 6,845 0.1% 0%
    102  Uruguay 6,635 0.1% 0%
    103  Zimbabwe 6,525 0.1% 0%
    104  Dominican Republic 6,505 0.1% 0%
    105  Kazakhstan 6,420 0.1% 0%
    106  Lithuania 6,415 0.1% 0%
    107  Palestine 6,200 0.1% 0% Composed of the Gaza Strip and the West Bank.
    108  Eritrea 6,130 0.1% 0%
    109  Macau 6,005 0.1% 0% Special administrative region of the People's Republic of China.
    110  Estonia 5,300 0.1% 0%
    111  Moldova 5,250 0.1% 0%
    112  Norway 5,245 0.1% 0%
    113  Honduras 5,165 0.1% 0%
    114 Burma Myanmar 4,800 0.1% 0% Formerly known as Burma.
    115  Brunei 4,425 0.1% 0%
    116  Cyprus 4,220 0.1% 0%
    117  Burundi 4,175 0.1% 0%
    118  Bolivia 3,770 0.1% 0%
    119  St. Lucia 3,520 0.1% 0%
    120  Rwanda 3,440 0.1% 0%
    121    Nepal 3,305 0.1% 0%
    122  Cameroon 3,090 0% 0%
    123  Angola 3,045 0% 0%
    124  Costa Rica 2,940 0% 0%
    125  Dominica 2,830 0% 0%
    126  Sierra Leone 2,800 0% 0%
    127  Panama 2,760 0% 0%
    128  Libya 2,620 0% 0%
    129  Uzbekistan 2,610 0% 0%
    130  Zambia 2,520 0% 0%
    131  St. Kitts and Nevis 2,370 0% 0%
    132  Antigua and Barbuda 2,340 0% 0%
    133  Ivory Coast 2,305 0% 0% Also known as Côte d'Ivoire.
    134  Azerbaijan 2,260 0% 0%
    135  Soviet Union, n.o.s. 2,220 0% 0% The abbreviation 'n.o.s.' means 'not otherwise specified'. The official name of the country was 'Union of Soviet Socialist Republics'. Includes immigrants from the former Soviet Union who did not state which former Soviet country they were born in. As of the Canada 2006 Census, the countries that were once part of the Soviet Union include Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan.
    136  Senegal 2,205 0% 0%
    137  Armenia 2,195 0% 0%
    138  Belize 2,080 0% 0%
    138  Czechoslovakia, n.o.s. 2,080 0% 0% The abbreviation 'n.o.s.' means 'not otherwise specified'. Includes immigrants from the former Czechoslovakia who did not state which former Czechoslovak country they were born in. As of the Canada 2006 Census, the countries that were once part of Czechoslovakia include the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
    139  Guinea 2,055 0% 0%
    140  Madagascar 2,030 0% 0%
    141  Bermuda 1,930 0% 0%
    142  Bahrain 1,590 0% 0%
    143  Georgia 1,530 0% 0%
    144  Liberia 1,400 0% 0%
    145  Qatar 1,340 0% 0%
    146  Togo 1,255 0% 0%
    147  Kyrgyzstan 1,215 0% 0%
    148  Yemen 1,090 0% 0%
    149  Mozambique 1,050 0% 0%
    150  Bahamas 970 0% 0%
    151  Seychelles 885 0% 0%
    152  Mali 855 0% 0%
    153  Oman 830 0% 0%
    154  Chad 810 0% 0%
    155  Suriname 765 0% 0%
    156  Montserrat 730 0% 0%
    157  Benin 685 0% 0%
    158  Republic of the Congo 630 0% 0%
    159  Aruba 580 0% 0%
    160  Luxembourg 570 0% 0%
    161  Tajikistan 560 0% 0%
    162  Iceland 530 0% 0%
    163  Mongolia 525 0% 0%
    164  Djibouti 515 0% 0%
    165  Gabon 510 0% 0%
    166  Netherlands Antilles 500 0% 0% Now divided into Bonaire, Curaçao, Saba, St. Eustatius, and St. Maarten. At one time it also included Aruba.
    167  Malawi 425 0% 0%
    168  Martinique 385 0% 0%
    169  The Gambia 380 0% 0%
    170 Saint Pierre and Miquelon St. Pierre and Miquelon 375 0% 0%
    171  Burkina Faso 365 0% 0%
    172  Mauritania 335 0% 0%
    173  Namibia 330 0% 0%
    174  Puerto Rico 325 0% 0%
    175  Guadeloupe 320 0% 0%
    176  Papua New Guinea 275 0% 0%
    177  Turkmenistan 225 0% 0%
    178  Niger 220 0% 0%
    179  Botswana 215 0% 0%
    179  Gibraltar 215 0% 0%
    180  Cayman Islands 200 0% 0%
    181  Cape Verde 165 0% 0%
    181  North Korea 165 0% 0% The official name is 'Democratic People's Republic of Korea'.
    182  Central African Republic 160 0% 0%
    183  Swaziland 140 0% 0%
    184  Anguilla 100 0% 0%
    185  Monaco 95 0% 0%
    186  French Polynesia 90 0% 0%
    186  Lesotho 90 0% 0%
    186  Samoa 90 0% 0%
    187  Bhutan 85 0% 0%
    187  New Caledonia 85 0% 0%
    188  Tonga 80 0% 0%
    189  French Guiana 70 0% 0%
    189  Guinea-Bissau 70 0% 0%
    190  Réunion 60 0% 0%
    190  British Virgin Islands 60 0% 0%
    191  Liechtenstein 55 0% 0%
    192  Federated States of Micronesia 45 0% 0%
    192  Turks and Caicos Islands 45 0% 0%
    193  Comoros 40 0% 0%
    194  Greenland 40 0% 0%
    195  Solomon Islands 35 0% 0%
    196  Andorra 30 0% 0%
    196  Equatorial Guinea 30 0% 0%
    196  Guam 30 0% 0%
    197  Maldives 20 0% 0%
    197  Nauru 20 0% 0%
    197  Palau 20 0% 0%
    198  East Timor 15 0% 0% Also known as Timor-Leste.
    198  Falkland Islands 15 0% 0%
    198 Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha St. Helena and Dependencies 15 0% 0% Now known as St. Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha.
    198  San Marino 15 0% 0%
    199  American Samoa 10 0% 0%
    199  Marshall Islands 10 0% 0%
    199  Tuvalu 10 0% 0%
    199  Vanuatu 10 0% 0%
    199  United States Virgin Islands 10 0% 0%
    199  Wallis and Futuna 10 0% 0%
    Others 6,220 0.1% 0% Includes a small number of immigrants who were born in Canada, as well as other places of birth not classified elsewhere.

    Immigration to Canada 2011 immigration statistics

    Number of immigrants granted permanent residence in Canada in 2011 by source country[16]
    Rank Country Number of immigrants admitted Proportion of total Notes
    1  Philippines 34,991 14.1%
    2  China 28,696 11.5% Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan included separately.
    3  India 24,965 10%
    4  United States 8,829 3.5%
    5  Iran 6,840 2.7%
    6  United Kingdom 6,550 2.6%
    7  Haiti 6,208 2.5%
    8  Pakistan 6,073 2.4%
    9  France 5,867 2.4%
    10  United Arab Emirates 5,223 2.1%
    11  Iraq 4,698 1.9%
    12  South Korea 4,573 1.8%
    13  Colombia 4,317 1.7%
    14  Morocco 4,155 1.7%
    15  Algeria 3,800 1.5%
    16  Mexico 3,642 1.5%
    17  Egypt 3,403 1.4%
    18  Sri Lanka 3,104 1.2%
    19  Nigeria 2,768 1.1%
    20  Ukraine 2,455 1%
    21  Bangladesh 2,449 1%
    22  Lebanon 2,335 0.9%
    23  Saudi Arabia 2,299 0.9%
    24  Germany 2,254 0.9%
    25  Ethiopia 2,038 0.8%
    26  Jamaica 2,021 0.8%
    27  Afghanistan 1,977 0.8%
    28  Israel 1,967 0.8% Does not include the Gaza Strip, the Golan Heights, or the West Bank.
    29  Taiwan 1,894 0.8%
    30  Russia 1,887 0.8%
    31  Romania 1,723 0.7%
    32  Vietnam 1,682 0.7%
    33  Brazil 1,519 0.6%
    34  Japan 1,475 0.6%
    35  Venezuela 1,446 0.6%
    36  Tunisia 1,368 0.5%
    37  Moldova 1,349 0.5%
    38  Turkey 1,339 0.5%
    39  Somalia 1,256 0.5%
    40    Nepal 1,249 0.5%
    41  Syria 1,181 0.5%
    42  Kuwait 1,179 0.5%
    43  Cameroon 1,166 0.5%
    44  Mauritius 1,120 0.5%
    45  Democratic Republic of the Congo 1,058 0.4%
    46  South Africa 1,036 0.4%
    47  Jordan 1,025 0.4%
    48  Australia 979 0.4%
    49  Cuba 938 0.4%
    50  Peru 876 0.4%
    51  Eritrea 874 0.4%
    52  Hong Kong 820 0.3% Special administrative region of the People's Republic of China.
    53  Guyana 761 0.3%
    54  Dominican Republic 759 0.3%
    55  Kenya 750 0.3%
    56  Ireland 662 0.3%
    57  El Salvador 658 0.3%
    58  Poland 657 0.3%
    59  Belgium 633 0.3%
    60  Netherlands 629 0.3%
    61  Qatar 615 0.2%
    61  Trinidad and Tobago 615 0.2%
    62  Italy 572 0.2%
    63  Libya 544 0.2%
    64  Honduras 542 0.2%
    65  Senegal 523 0.2%
    66  Burundi 518 0.2%
    67  Ghana 511 0.2%
    68  Portugal 506 0.2%
    69  Ivory Coast 503 0.2%
    70  Sudan 488 0.2% Now divided into Sudan and South Sudan.
    71  Malaysia 485 0.2%
    72  Albania 471 0.2%
    73  Singapore 458 0.2%
    74  Thailand 455 0.2%
    75   Switzerland 448 0.2%
    76  St. Vincent and the Grenadines 447 0.2%
    77  Ecuador 437 0.2%
    78  Rwanda 436 0.2%
    79  New Zealand 410 0.2%
    80  Zimbabwe 388 0.2%
    81  Indonesia 368 0.1%
    82  Kazakhstan 367 0.1%
    83  Bulgaria 356 0.1%
    84  Belarus 355 0.1%
    85 Burma Myanmar 311 0.1%
    85  Fiji 311 0.1%
    86  Argentina 298 0.1%
    87  Uganda 288 0.1%
    88  Oman 285 0.1%
    89  Hungary 281 0.1%
    90  Guatemala 276 0.2%
    91  St. Lucia 262 0.1%
    92  Palestine 261 0.1% Includes the Gaza Strip and the West Bank.
    93  Guinea 252 0.1%
    94  Spain 248 0.1%
    95  Sweden 244 0.1%
    96  Benin 233 0.1%
    97  Tanzania 229 0.1%
    98  Armenia 227 0.1%
    99  Bahrain 209 0.1%
    100  Cambodia 196 0.1%
    101  Kosovo 188 0.1%
    101  Yemen 188 0.1%
    102  Chile 183 0.1%
    103  Bosnia and Herzegovina 178 0.1%
    104  Costa Rica 173 0.1%
    105  Grenada 169 0.1%
    106  Greece 163 0.1%
    107  Togo 154 0.1%
    108  Kyrgyzstan 152 0.1%
    109  Uzbekistan 146 0.1%
    110  Azerbaijan 141 0.1%
    111  Georgia 138 0.1%
    112  Denmark 129 0.1%
    113  Czech Republic 128 0.1%
    113  Mali 128 0.1%
    114  Sierra Leone 127 0.1%
    115  Slovakia 125 0.1%
    115  Djibouti 125 0.1%
    116  Macedonia 124 0%
    117  Croatia 123 0%
    118  Madagascar 120 0%
    118  Nicaragua 120 0%
    119  Burkina Faso 117 0%
    120  Barbados 110 0%
    121  Latvia 104 0%
    121  Paraguay 104 0%
    122  Niger 97 0%
    123  Mongolia 96 0%
    124  Finland 95 0%
    125  Austria 93 0%
    126  North Korea 91 0%
    127  Botswana 90 0%
    128  Bolivia 82 0%
    129  Republic of the Congo 79 0%
    130  Uruguay 77 0%
    131  Zambia 75 0%
    132  Norway 71 0%
    133  Gabon 65 0%
    134  Chad 59 0%
    134  Bahamas 59 0%
    135  Panama 56 0%
    136  Cyprus 54 0%
    137  Tajikistan 53 0%
    138  Liberia 49 0%
    139  Malawi 45 0%
    140  Antigua and Barbuda 43 0%
    141  Lithuania 42 0%
    141  Brunei 42 0%
    142  Dominica 41 0%
    143  Belize 40 0%
    144  Angola 38 0%
    145  Mauritania 34 0%
    146  Bermuda 31 0%
    147  Macau 29 0% Special administrative region of the People's Republic of China.
    148  Luxembourg 28 0%
    149  The Gambia 27 0%
    150  Serbia and Montenegro 25 0% Now divided into Kosovo, Montenegro, and Serbia. This figure does not include Kosovo.
    151  Namibia 24 0%
    151  Martinique 24 0%
    152  Laos 23 0%
    152  Cayman Islands 23 0%
    153  Turkmenistan 19 0%
    154  Estonia 16 0%
    154  Suriname 16 0%
    155  Malta 14 0%
    155  Swaziland 14 0%
    155  St. Kitts and Nevis 14 0%
    156  Central African Republic 12 0%
    156  Seychelles 12 0%
    157  Slovenia 10 0%
    158  Guadeloupe 6 0%
    159 Tibet Tibet 0 0% Autonomous region of the People's Republic of China.
    Other countries 2,326 0.9%
    Country not stated 58 0%
    Total 248,748 100%

    Immigration to Canada Autism and excessive demand


    Several families have recently been denied immigration to Canada because members of their family have an autism spectrum diagnosis and Citizenship and Immigration Canada felt the potential cost of care for those family members would place an excessive demand on health or social services.[17][18] People with autism disorders can be accepted if they're able to depend on themselves.[18]


    Immigration to Canada Temporary Foreign Worker Program


    In 2012 more than two hundred thousand people were admitted to Canada under the [19]


    Immigration to Canada Illegal immigration in Canada


    Estimates of illegal immigrants range between 35,000 and 120,000.[20] James Bissett, a former head of the Canadian Immigration Service, has suggested that the lack of any credible refugee screening process, combined with a high likelihood of ignoring any deportation orders, has resulted in tens of thousands of outstanding warrants for the arrest of rejected refugee claimants, with little attempt at enforcement.[21] A 2008 report by the Auditor General Sheila Fraser stated that Canada has lost track of as many as 41,000 illegal immigrants.[22][23]


    Immigration to Canada See also



    Immigration to Canada References


    1. ^ a b c Annual Immigration by Category, Citizenship and Immigration Canada. Retrieved July 12, 2006.
    2. ^ a b "2006 Census: Ethnic origin, visible minorities, place of work and mode of transportation". The Daily. Statistics Canada. 2008-04-02. Retrieved 2008-10-07. 
    3. ^ John Courtney; David Smith (April 29, 2010). The Oxford Handbook of Canadian Politics. Oxford Handbooks Online. p. 316. ISBN 978-0-19-533535-4. 
    4. ^ Marina L. Smith, "The Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) at the U.S.–Canadian Border, 1893–1993: An Overview of Issues and Topics," Michigan Historical Review 26, No. 2 (Fall 2000), 127-147.
    5. ^ Hall, "Clifford Sifton: Immigration and Settlement Policy, 1896–1905."
    6. ^ Statistics Canada – immigration from 1851 to 2001
    7. ^ "Americans flee north to Canada for economic opportunity". GlobalPost. 8 September 2011. Retrieved 12 January 2012. 
    8. ^ When immigration goes awry, Toronto Star, 14 July 2006. Retrieved 5 August 2006.
    9. ^ Citizenship & Immigration Canada: "Facts and figures 2010 – Immigration overview: Permanent and temporary residents" retrieved November 17, 2011
    10. ^ Citizenship & Immigration Canada retrieved November 17, 2011
    11. ^ "Citizenship and Immigration Canada, Facts and Figures". Citizenship and Immigration Canada. 2013. Retrieved Dec 07, 2013. 
    12. ^ "Projections of the Diversity of the Canadian Population". Statistics Canada. March 9, 2010. Retrieved 2010-03-15. 
    13. ^ "Parties prepare to battle for Immigrant votes". CTV.ca. 2010-03-14. Retrieved 2010-03-15. 
    14. ^ [1], Place of birth for the immigrant population by period of immigration, 2006 counts and percentages
    15. ^ [2], Population by immigrant status and period of immigration, 2006 counts, for Canada, provinces and territories
    16. ^ [3], Facts and figures 2011 — Immigration overview: Permanent and temporary residents — Permanent residents
    17. ^ "American UVic prof forced to leave Canada after immigration rules son’s autism too big a taxpayer burden". Daily Brew. March 31, 2012. 
    18. ^ a b "Family faces deportation over son's autism". Toronto Star. June 9, 2011. 
    19. ^ http://www.cbc.ca/news/business/story/2013/05/07/pol-cp-temporary-foreign-workers.html
    20. ^ "Canadians want illegal immigrants deported: poll". Ottawa Citizen (CanWest MediaWorks Publications Inc.). 20 October 2007. Retrieved 2010-10-18. 
    21. ^ "James Bissett: Stop bogus refugees before they get in". Network.nationalpost.com. 27 September 2007. Retrieved 2011-01-25. 
    22. ^ "Canada has lost track of 41,000 illegals: Fraser". CTV.ca. 2008-05-06. Retrieved 2011-01-25. 
    23. ^ OAG 2008 May Report of the Auditor General of Canada

    Immigration to Canada Further reading



    Immigration to Canada History


    Immigration to Canada Guides


    Immigration to Canada External links




    Immigration to Canada Official Website Immigration to Canada Application Form Immigration to Canada Requirements Immigration to Canada From Pakistan Immigration to Canada From USA Application for Immigration to Canada Canada Immigration Rules Immigration to Australia

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