INNU-AIMUN




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  1. Montagnais Innu Language (Innu-Aimun) - Linguistic information and links about Innu culture and history.
  2. Wikipedia: Innu-aimun (Montagnais) - Article including a phonological inventory and some grammatical information.


  3. [ Link Deletion Request ]



    Innu language


    Montagnais
    Innu-aimun
    Native to Canada
    Region Quebec, Labrador
    Ethnicity Innu
    Native speakers 11,000  (2011 census)[1]
    Language family
    Language codes
    ISO 639-3 moe
    Linguasphere 62-ADA-bb
    This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

    Innu-aimun or Montagnais is an Algonquian language spoken by over 8,000 people,[1] called the Innu, in Labrador and Quebec in Eastern Canada. It is a member of the Cree–Montagnais–Naskapi dialect continuum and is spoken in various dialects depending on the community.


    Innu-aimun Literature


    In recent years, Innu-aimun has had considerable exposure in the popular culture of Canada and France due to the success of the rock music band Kashtin and the later solo careers of its founders Claude McKenzie and Florent Vollant. Widely heard hit songs with Innu-language lyrics have included Ish-kuess ("Girl"), E Uassiuian ("My Childhood"), Tipatshimun ("Song of the devil") and in particular Akua tuta ("Take care of yourself"), which appeared on soundtrack compilations for the popular television series Due South and the documentary Music for The Native Americans. The lyrics of Akua Tuta are featured on over 50 websites, making this one of the most broadly accessible pieces of text written in any native North American language. Florent Vollant has also rendered several well-known Christmas carols into Innu in his 1999 album Nipaiamianan.[2]

    In 2013, "a comprehensive pan-Innu dictionary, covering all the Innu dialects spoken in Quebec and Labrador [was] published in Innu, English and French."[3]


    Innu-aimun Phonology


    Innu-aimun has the following phonemes (written using the standard orthography, with IPA equivalents in brackets):

    Bilabial Alveolar Post-
    alveolar
    Velar Glottal
    center Labial
    Nasal m /m/ n /n/
    Stop p /p/ t /t/ tsh /tʃ/ k /k/ kᵘ/ku /kʷ/
    Fricative ss /s/ sh /ʃ~s/ (h /h/)
    Lateral (l /l/)

    L is written as n in standard orthography.

    The voiceless stops are voiced to [b d j ɡ ɡʷ] between vowels.

    • Long vowels: î /i/, e /e~ɛ/, â /a/, û /o/
    • Short vowels: i /ɪ~ə/, a /ʌ~ə/, u /o~ʊ~u/
    • The circumflex accents over the long vowels are omitted in general writing.

    Innu-aimun Grammar


    Innu-aimun is a polysynthetic, head-marking language with relatively free word order. Its three basic parts of speech are nouns, verbs, and particles. Nouns are grouped into two genders, animate and inanimate, and may carry affixes indicating plurality, possession, obviation, and location. Verbs are divided into four classes based on their transitivity: animate intransitive (AI), inanimate intransitive (II), transitive inanimate (TI), and transitive animate (TA). Verbs may carry affixes indicating agreement (with both subject and object arguments), tense, mood, and inversion. Two different sets, or orders, of verbal affixes are used depending on the verb's syntactic context. In simple main clauses, the verb is marked using affixes of the independent order, while in subordinate clauses and content-word questions, affixes of the conjunct order are used.


    Innu-aimun References


    • Clarke, Sandra. 1982. North-West River (Sheshatshit) Montagnais: A grammatical sketch. National Museum of Man Mercury Series, 80. Ottawa: National Museums of Canada.
    • Clarke, Sandra, and Marguerite MacKenzie. 2005. Montagnais/Innu-aimun (Algonquian). In Geert Booij et al. (eds.), Morphology: An international handbook on inflection and word formation, vol. 2, 1411–1421. Berlin; New York: Walter de Gruyter.
    • Clarke, Sandra, and Marguerite MacKenzie. 2006. Labrador Innu-aimun: An introduction to the Sheshatshiu dialect. St. John's, Newfoundland: Department of Linguistics, Memorial University of Newfoundland.
    • Drapeau, Lynn (1991) Dictionnaire montagnais-français. Québec: Presses de l'Université du Québec. 940 p.

    Innu-aimun Notes


    1. ^ a b Montagnais reference at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    2. ^ "Kashtin". realduesouth.net. Retrieved 2013-09-25. 
    3. ^ Dooley, Danette (2013-09-21). "Linguistic defender". The Telegram (St. John's, Newfoundland). Retrieved 2013-09-25. 

    Innu-aimun External links




    | Innu-aimun | Innu | Snegamook_lake | List_of_place_names_in_Canada_of_aboriginal_origin | Cree_language | List_of_numbers_in_various_languages | Mingan,_Quebec | La_Romaine,_Quebec | Uashat-Maliotenam | Locative_case | Newfoundland_and_Labrador | Sheshatshiu | Kashtin | Lac-Achouakan,_Quebec | Mistassibi_River | Central_Algonquian_languages | List_of_languages_by_writing_system | Dialect_continuum | Aboriginal_music_of_Canada

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    Dieser Artikel basiert auf dem Artikel http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Innu-aimun aus der freien Enzyklopaedie http://en.wikipedia.org bzw. http://www.wikipedia.org und steht unter der Doppellizenz GNU-Lizenz fuer freie Dokumentation und Creative Commons CC-BY-SA 3.0 Unported. In der Wikipedia ist eine Liste der Autoren unter http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Innu-aimun&action=history verfuegbar. Alle Angaben ohne Gewähr.

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