JANGSHUNG LANGUAGE




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Kinnauri language


Kinnauri
Kanawaringskad
Region Himachal Pradesh
Native speakers
80,000  (1998–2001)[1]
Dialects
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Variously:
kfk – Kinnauri
nes – Kinnauri, Bhoti
cik – Kinnauri, Chitkuli
ssk – Sunam
jna – Jangshung (Thebor)
scu – Shumcho
tpq – Tukpa
kjo – Kinnauri, Pahari
??? – Kinnauri, Lohari
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

The district Kinnaur is linguistic giant where nine languages are spoken by less than hundred thousand people. The list of languages in Kinnaur can be viewed from Kinnaur. Kinnauri is one of the nine languages, also known as Kanauri, Kanor, Koonawur, or Kunawar. It is a Tibeto-Burman language spoken on the Kinnaur district of the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. The classification of the language is as follows: Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman, Western Tibeto-Burman, Bodish, West Himalayish, Kinauri.


Jangshung language Sounds


This description is of the Pangi dialect of Kinnauri.


Jangshung language Consonants

Bilabial Alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Plosive voiced b d ɖ ɡ
voiceless p t ʈ k
aspirated ʈʰ
Affricate voiced dz
voiceless ts
aspirated tsʰ tʃʰ
Fricative s ʃ h
Trill r
Approximant l j w

Note on palatals: /dʒ/, /tʃ/, /tʃʰ/, and /ʃ/ are post-alveolar. /ɲ/ is alveolo-palatal.


Jangshung language Vowels

Kinnauri has five pairs of long/short vowels:

Front Central Back
Close i ɨ
Mid e o
Open a

Jangshung language Syllables

/h/, aspirated obstruents (i.e. /pʰ/, /tʰ/, /ʈʰ/, /kʰ/, /t͡sʰ/, /t͡ʃʰ/), and glides (i.e. /w/, /j/) do not occur in syllable codas.

All consonants may occur in onsets and word-medially.

Kinnauri has the following types of syllables:

  • (C)V(C)(C)(C)
  • CCV(C)
  • CCCVC

Jangshung language Grammar


Kinnauri is SOV, V-Auxiliary, Postpositional, and has head-final noun phrases. It shows case marking with an ergative alignment in the past tense, nominative-accusative elsewhere. The ergative case is identical to the instrumental. There is no distinction between accusative and dative, and a genitive is partially syncretic with the accusative/dative. An ablative case is also recognized, normally attached outside the genitive but with different allomorphs for animate and inanimate referents. There is also a locative case, normally used only with inanimate nouns.


Jangshung language References


  1. ^ Kinnauri reference at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Kinnauri, Bhoti reference at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Kinnauri, Chitkuli reference at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Sunam reference at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Jangshung (Thebor) reference at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Shumcho reference at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    (Additional references under 'Language codes' in the information box)

Jangshung language Bibliography


  • Nagano, Yasuhiko; & LaPolla, Randy J. (Eds.). (2001). New research on Zhangzhung and related Himalayan languages. Bon studies 3, Senri ethnological reports 19. Osaka: National Museum of Ethnology.
  • Takahashi, Yoshiharu. (2001). A descriptive study of Kinnauri (Pangi dialect): A preliminary report. In Y. Nagano & R. J. LaPolla (Eds.), New research on Zhangzhung and related Himalayan languages. Osaka: National Museum of Ethnology.


| Jangshung_language | West_Himalayish_languages | ISO_639:j | Indian_languages_and_resources | Zhangzhung | Kinnaur_district | Languages_of_South_Asia | List_of_languages_by_number_of_native_speakers_in_India

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