LęBORK




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| Gmina_Wicko | Wicko,_Pomeranian_Voivodeship | Gmina_Cewice |

  1. Dom Dziecka nr 1 w Lęborku - Historia Domu, fotografie, przyjaciele i wychowawcy.
  2. Przedszkole Gminne w Charbrowie - Aktualności, przyjaciele, informacje dla rodziców.
  3. Lęborskie Stowarzyszenie Sympatyków Sportu - Rozgrywki ligi halowej w Lęborku.
  4. Abis - Hydraulika siłowa, siłowniki i sztaplarki.
  5. Malam - Oferta handlowa hurtowni materiałów dla budownictwa.
  6. Vibrotech - Produkcja zagęszczarek gruntu.
  7. Profarm - Producent preparatów farmaceutycznych. Leki dermatologiczne, reumatologiczne, inhalacyjne.
  8. Sigma - Oferta usług geodezyjno-kartograficznych.
  9. Arteks - Oferta sprtzedaży sprzętu AGD-RTV.
  10. Remix - Produkcja i dystrybucja wyrobów drewnianych.
  11. Digitus, Informatyczne Systemy Produkcyjne - Automatyka przemysłowa, systemy, bazy danych.
  12. Biuro Rachunkowe Lemat - Informacje o firmie oraz wykonywanych usługach.
  13. Creativ Decor Lębork - Dekoracje imprez okolicznościowych.
  14. Lębork, Urząd Miasta - Aktualności, miasto dawniej i dziś, informacje samorządowe, kulturalne i oświatowe.
  15. Biuletyn Informacji Publicznej, Urzędu Miejskiego w Lęborku - Dane teleadresowe, informacje o władzach miejskich, prawo lokalne, informacje dla petentów.
  16. Lębork 100 lat temu - Galerie zdjęć przedstawiających Lębork na początku XX wieku.
  17. Samodzielny Publiczny Zakład Opieki Zdrowotnej w Lęborku - Zakres opieki specjalistycznej świadczonej przez szpital, świadczenia zapobiegawczo lecznicze, specjalistyczne, stacjonarne, udzielanie pomocy doraźnej.
  18. Muzeum Regionalne w Lęborku - Zbiory z zakresu archeologii, historii, etnografii, sztuki dawnej i współczesnej, udostępnianie.
  19. Miejska Biblioteka Publiczna w Lęborku - Aktualności, działalność, informacje o zbiorze i zasadach udostępniania.
  20. Lęborskie Fakty - Serwis informacyjny o Lęborku i powiecie lęborskim: aktualności, uchwały Rady, ogłoszenia, kontakty, władze, adresy WWW.


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    Lębork


    Lębork
    Staromiejska Street

    Coat of arms
    Motto: Miasto z Europejską klasą
    European style town
    Lębork is located in Poland
    Lębork
    Coordinates: 54°33′N 17°45′E / 54.550°N 17.750°E / 54.550; 17.750
    Country  Poland
    Voivodeship Pomeranian
    County Lębork County
    Gmina Lębork (urban gmina)
    Town rights 1341
    Government
     • Mayor Witold Namyślak
    Area
     • Total 17.86 km2 (6.90 sq mi)
    Highest elevation 46 m (151 ft)
    Lowest elevation 17 m (56 ft)
    Population (2006)
     • Total 35,069
     • Density 2,000/km2 (5,100/sq mi)
    Time zone CET (UTC+1)
     • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
    Postal code 84–300 to 84–310
    Area code(s) +48 59
    Car plates GLE
    Website http://www.lebork.pl

    Lębork ([ˈlɛmbɔrk]; Kashubian: Lãbòrg; German: About this sound Lauenburg in Pommern ) is a town on the Łeba and Okalica rivers in Middle Pomerania region, north-western Poland with some 37,000 inhabitants. Lębork is also the capital of Lębork County in Pomeranian Voivodeship since 1999, formerly in Słupsk Voivodeship (1975–1998).


    Lębork History


    14th century Ordensburg castle built by the Teutonic Knights

    The town was located on the site of a previous Polish settlement named Łebno which was later Germanised into Lewin and Lewinburg by the invading Teutonic Knights[1][2] In 1341 Dietrich von Altenburg, Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights, granted 100 Hufen (similar to hides) to Rutcher von Emmerich for the foundation of a town named Lewinburg (Lauenburg) with Kulm rights,[3] presumably to secure the territory around Stolp (Słupsk).[4] East of the city the Teutonic Order completed the an Ordensburg castle, in 1363. After the Battle of Grunwald (Tannenberg) in 1410, the castle was partially destroyed. In 1440 the town joined the Prussian Confederation. The population of Lauenburg was composed for a large part of Kashubians or later Slovincians.

    In 1454 after the outbreak of the Thirteen Years' War, troops from Danzig (Gdańsk) occupied Lauenburg and Bütow (Bytów); the following year they were turned over to Eric II, Duke of Pomerania, to form an alliance.[3] Because Lauenburg remained loyal to the Prussian Confederation instead of the Teutonic Knights, King Casimir IV Jagiellon of Poland granted the town three nearby villages.[3] Troops from Polish-allied Danzig reoccupied Lauenburg in 1459 when the mayor, Lorenz Senftopf, entered into negotiations with the Teutonic Knights. Eric replaced the Danzigers with Teutonic Knights the following year, however, when he changed sides during the war. Although the Teutonic Knights were ultimately defeated in the Thirteen Years' War, Lauenburg and Bütow passed to Eric and his Pomeranian successors as the Lauenburg and Bütow Land according to the 1466 Second Peace of Thorn.

    14th century Church of St. James
    The building belonged to the former Masonic lodge - not yet entered into the register of monuments! It can become a ruin!
    Part of the medieval city walls
    One of the premises of the former Masonic lodge in Lębork

    The Protestant Reformation was introduced in Lauenburg soon after 1519.[3] The territory passed to King Władysław IV Vasa of Poland after the 1637 death of Bogislaw XIV, Duke of Pomerania. The Counter-Reformation was largely ineffective in the Lutheran town. Lauenburg was occupied by Swedes in the Northern Wars. To gain an ally against Sweden during The Deluge, King John II Casimir of Poland gave the Lauenburg and Bütow Land to Margrave Frederick William of Brandenburg-Prussia as a hereditary fief in the 1657 Treaty of Bromberg. The Swedish troops burnt Lauenburg when they left in 1658, destroying seventy houses and the town hall.[3] Frederick William released the town from duties for five years to allow it to rebuild. Lauenburg suffered another fire in 1682.

    Lauenburg became a territory of the Kingdom of Prussia in 1701. The 1773 Treaty of Warsaw granted full sovereignty over the territory to Prussia after the First Partition of Poland. The Lauenburg and Bütow Land, renamed Lauenburg-Bütowscher Kreis, was first included in West Prussia, but was transferred to Prussian Pomerania in 1777. In 1816 after the Napoleonic Wars, Lauenburg was included in Regierungsbezirk Köslin within the Province of Pomerania.

    When the Lauenburg-Bütowscher Kreis was divided in 1846, Lauenburg became the capital of Gauliga Pommern. In 1866, the Masonic Lodge was formed Zum Leuchtthurm an der Ostsee which belonged mainly to the then elite entrepreneurs, one of the seats of the box has survived to this day.

    During World War II, Lauenburg was the location of the Nazi concentration camp Lauenburg, a subcamp of the Stutthof concentration camp. The city was occupied without fighting by the Soviet Red Army on 10 March 1945. Most of the Altstadt burnt in a subsequent fire, although the Gothic Church of St. James and the castle remained intact.[5] During this time about 600 people committed suicide.[6] As Lębork, the town was placed under Polish administration according to the post-war Potsdam Agreement. Germans remaining in the town were expelled and replaced with Poles.

    Railway stations in the city include Lębork and Lębork Nowy Świat.


    Lębork Notable residents


    Seat of municipal authorities of Lębork
    • Leopold Jacoby (1840–95), lyricist
    • Paul Gottlieb Nipkow (1860–1940), television pioneer
    • Josef Horovitz (1874–1931), orientalist
    • Gerhard Obuch (1884–1960), politician and lawyer
    • Edward Sapir (1884–1939), ethnologist and linguist
    • Erich von dem Bach (1899–1972), SS officer
    • Ewa Paradies (1920–46), concentration camp overseer
    • Jürgen Echternach (1937–2006),politician (CDU member)
    • Hilbert Meyer (born 1941),scientist, professor in Oldenburg
    • Peter Roehr (1944–68), artist

    Honorary citizen: Chancellor Otto Fürst von Bismarck since 1874

    (Note: Bismarck was created Duke of Lauenburg in 1890 after his resignation as Chancellor of the German Empire, but this title refers to the city of Lauenburg/Elbe in present-day Germany, and should not be confused with Lębork/Lauenburg in Pomerania.)


    Lębork Climate


    Climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year round. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfb". (Marine West Coast Climate/Oceanic climate).[7]


    Lębork Demographics


    Before the end of World War II the (then German) population of Lauenburg was predominantly composed of Protestants.

    Number of inhabitants in years
    • 1782: 1,482, incl. 36 Jews.[8]
    • 1794: 1,432, incl. 29 Jews.[8]
    • 1812: 1,548, incl. 48 Catholics and 47 Jews[8]
    • 1831: 2,621, incl. 181 Catholics and 147 Jews.[8]
    • 1843: 3,779, incl. 222 Catholics and 262 Jews.[8]
    • 1861: 5,310, incl. 305 Catholics and 259 Jews.[8]
    • 1900: 10,442, incl. 1,151 Catholics and 276 Jews.[9]
    • 1910: 13,916
    • 1925: 17,161, incl. 1,850 Catholics, 290 Jews and 300 others.[10]
    • 1933: 18,962
    • 1939: 19,108[5]
    • 1960: 21,200
    • 1970: 25,100
    • 1975: 26,600
    • 1980: 29,200
    • 1990: 34,300
    • 1995: 36,300
    • 1998: 37,000
    • 2004: 35,154
    • 2005: 35,000

    Lębork International relations



    Lębork Twin towns and Sister cities

    Lębork is twinned with:


    Lębork See also



    Lębork Notes


    1. ^ Slavia occidentalis: Tomy 46–47 1991, page 371.
    2. ^ Słownik etymologiczny miast i gmin PRL Stanisław Rospond – 1984
    3. ^ a b c d e f Schmidt, 229
    4. ^ Schmidt, p. 228
    5. ^ a b c d Schmidt, 230
    6. ^ Lakotta, Beate (2005-03-05). "Tief vergraben, nicht dran rühren" (in German). SPON. Retrieved 2010-08-16. 
    7. ^ Climate Summary for Lebork, Poland
    8. ^ a b c d e f Kratz, p. 250
    9. ^ Meyers Konversations-Lexikon. 6th edition, vol. 12, Leipzig and Vienna 1908, p. 241 (in German).
    10. ^ Der Große Brockhaus. 15th edition, vol. 11, Leipzig 1932, p. 170 (in German).

    Lębork References


    • Schmidt, Roderich (1996). Handbuch der historischen Stätten Deutschlands, Band 12, Mecklenburg/Pommern. Stuttgart: Alfred Kröner Verlag. p. 388. ISBN 3-520-31501-7.  (in German)
    • Gustav Kratz: Die Städte der Provinz Pommern – Abriss ihrer Geschichte, zumeist nach Urkunden (The towns of the Province of Pomerania – Sketch of their history, mostly according to historical records). Berlin 1865 (reprinted in 2010 by Kessinger Publishing, ISBN 1-161-12969-3), pp. 247–251 (in German, online)

    Lębork External links


    Coordinates: 54°33′N 17°45′E / 54.550°N 17.750°E / 54.550; 17.750



    | Gmina_Wicko | Wicko,_Pomeranian_Voivodeship | Gmina_Cewice

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    Dieser Artikel basiert auf dem Artikel http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lębork aus der freien Enzyklopaedie http://en.wikipedia.org bzw. http://www.wikipedia.org und steht unter der Doppellizenz GNU-Lizenz fuer freie Dokumentation und Creative Commons CC-BY-SA 3.0 Unported. In der Wikipedia ist eine Liste der Autoren unter http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lębork&action=history verfuegbar. Alle Angaben ohne Gewähr.

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