LIBERIAN ENGLISH

How to Speak Liberian Liberian Slang Words Liberian Dictionary Liberian Language Liberian Words Liberian English Translation Liberian English Dictionary Liberian Pidgin English




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Liberian English


Liberian English is a term used to refer to the varieties of English spoken in the African country of Liberia. There are four such varieties:

Normally, Liberians do not use these terms and instead refer to all such varieties simply as 'English.' Additionally, the term 'Liberian English' is sometimes used for all varieties except the standard.


Liberian English Standard Liberian English


Standard Liberian English is the language of those people whose [1]


Liberian English Kru Pidgin English


Kru Pidgin English is a moribund variety that was spoken historically by 'Krumen'. These were individuals, most often from the Klao and Grebo ethnic groups, who worked as sailors on ships along the West African coast and also as migrant workers and domestics in such British colonies as the Gold Coast (Ghana) and Nigeria. The 'Krumen' tradition dates back to the end of the eighteenth century. With the end of the British colonial presence in West Africa in the mid-twentieth century, however, the tradition came to an end, and with it the ongoing use of Kru Pidgin English.[citation needed]


Liberian English Liberian Kreyol language


Liberian Kreyol language (Vernacular Liberian English), the most common variety, developed from Liberian Interior Pidgin English, the Liberian version of West African Pidgin English though it has been significantly influenced by Liberian Settler English. Its phonology owes much to Liberia's Kru languages. Vernacular Liberian English has been analysed having a post-creole continuum. As such, rather than being a pidgin wholly distinct from English, it is a range of varieties that extend from the highly pidginized to one that shows many similarities to English as spoken elsewhere in West Africa.[citation needed]


Liberian English References


  1. ^ Brinton, Lauren and Leslie Arnovick. The English Language: A Linguistic History. Oxford University Press: Canada, 2006

Liberian English Bibliography




How to Speak Liberian Liberian Slang Words Liberian Dictionary Liberian Language Liberian Words Liberian English Translation Liberian English Dictionary Liberian Pidgin English

| How to Speak Liberian | Liberian Slang Words | Liberian Dictionary | Liberian Language | Liberian Words | Liberian English Translation | Liberian English Dictionary | Liberian Pidgin English | Liberian_English | Vernacular_Liberian_English | Liberia | Merico_language | Liberian_Interior_Pidgin_English | English_language | Liberian_language | Th-fronting | Americo-Liberian | Th-stopping | Bandela | Liberian_general_election,_2011 | List_of_English-based_pidgins | Englishes | Phonological_history_of_English_consonants | Bai_T._Moore | Black_English | History_of_Liberia | Josephine_Oniyama | Liberian_people

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Dieser Artikel basiert auf dem Artikel http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liberian_English aus der freien Enzyklopaedie http://en.wikipedia.org bzw. http://www.wikipedia.org und steht unter der Doppellizenz GNU-Lizenz fuer freie Dokumentation und Creative Commons CC-BY-SA 3.0 Unported. In der Wikipedia ist eine Liste der Autoren unter http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Liberian_English&action=history verfuegbar. Alle Angaben ohne Gewähr.

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