LIST OF RULERS OF BENGAL




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List of rulers of Bengal


This is a list of rulers of Bengal. For much of its history, Bengal was split up into several independent kingdoms, completely unifying only several times. In ancient times, Bengal consisted of the kingdoms of Pundra, Suhma, Anga, Vanga, Samatata and Harikela. Along with Bihar, parts of northwestern Bengal were also incorporated into the kingdom of Magadha.

Under the Mauryas, much of Bengal was conquered save for the far eastern Bengali kingdoms which continued to exist as tributary states before succumbing to the Guptas. With the fall of the Gupta Empire, Bengal was united under a single local ruler, Shashanka, for the first time. With the collapse of his kingdom, Bengal split up into petty kingdoms once more.

With the rise of Gopala, Bengal was united once more under the Pala Empire, Chandra dynasty, Sena dynasty and deva dynasty. After them, Bengal was ruled by the Muslim dynasties followed by the British. In 1947, Bengal was partitioned, making West Bengal part of India and the East Bengal part of Pakistan. East Bengal then became an independent country, Bangladesh, following the Bangladesh Liberation War.


List of rulers of Bengal Contents



List of rulers of Bengal Legendary kings of Magadha: Brihadratha Dynasty (c. 1700–799 BC)


  • Brihadratha
  • Jarasandha
  • Sahadeva
  • Somapi (1679–1618 BC)
  • Srutasravas (1618–1551 BC)
  • Ayutayus (1551–1515 BC)
  • Niramitra (1515–1415 BC)
  • Sukshatra (1415–1407 BC)
  • Brihatkarman (1407–1384 BC)
  • Senajit (1384–1361 BC)
  • Srutanjaya (1361–1321 BC)
  • Vipra (1321–1296 BC)
  • Suchi (1296–1238 BC)
  • Kshemya (1238–1210 BC)
  • Subrata (1210–1150 BC)
  • Dharma (1150–1145 BC)
  • Susuma (1145–1107 BC)
  • Dridhasena (1107–1059 BC)
  • Sumati (1059–1026 BC)
  • Subhala (1026–1004 BC)
  • Sunita (1004–964 BC)
  • Satyajit (964–884 BC)
  • Biswajit (884–849 BC)
  • Ripunjaya (849–799 BC)

List of rulers of Bengal Pradyota Dynasty (799–684 BC)



List of rulers of Bengal Shishunaga Dynasty (684–424 BC)


  • Shishunaga (684–644 BC)
  • Kakavarna (644–618 BC)
  • Kshemadharman (618–582 BC)
  • Kshatraujas (582–558 BC)
  • Bimbisara (544–491 BC)
  • Ajatashatru (491–461 BC)
  • Darshaka (from 461 BC)
  • Udayin
  • Nandivardhana
  • Mahanandin (until 424 BC)

List of rulers of Bengal Nanda Dynasty (424–321 BC)


  • Mahapadma Nanda (from 424 BC)
  • Pandhuka
  • Panghupati
  • Bhutapala
  • Rashtrapala
  • Govishanaka
  • Dashasidkhaka
  • Kaivarta
  • Dhana (Agrammes, Xandrammes) (until 321 BC)

List of rulers of Bengal Maurya Dynasty (324–185 BC)



List of rulers of Bengal Mahameghavahana Dynasty (c. 250 BC–400 AD)


  • Mahamegha Vahana (?)
  • Kharavela (c.193–179 BC)
  • Vakadeva (or Vakradeva) (?)

List of rulers of Bengal Shunga Dynasty (185–73 BC)



List of rulers of Bengal Kanva Dynasty (73–43 BC)



List of rulers of Bengal Gupta Empire (c. AD 240–550 )



List of rulers of Bengal Gauda Kingdom



List of rulers of Bengal Khadga kingdom


  • Khadgodyama (625–640)
  • Jatakhadga (640–658)
  • Devakhadga (658–673)
  • Rajabhata (673–690)
  • Balabhata (690–705)
  • Udirnakhadga (undetermined reign)

List of rulers of Bengal Pala Empire



List of rulers of Bengal Chandra Dynasty



List of rulers of Bengal Sena Dynasty



List of rulers of Bengal Deva Dynasty


  • Purushottamadeva
  • Madhusudanadeva
  • Vasudeva
  • Damodaradeva (1231–1243)
  • Dasharathadeva (1281)

List of rulers of Bengal Medieval Period



List of rulers of Bengal Khilji Dynasty


List of rulers of Bengal Governors of Bengal under Mameluk rule of Delhi Sultanate


List of rulers of Bengal Independent Balban Dynasty

Name Reign Notes
Nasiruddin Bughra Khan 1281 –1291 As governor of Lakhnauti in 1281–1287 and as independent Sultan in 1287–1291.
Rukunuddin Kaikaus 1291–1300 First Muslim ruler to conquer Satgaon kingdom. Divided Bengal into two parts – Bihar and Lakhnauti.
Shamsuddin Firoz Shah 1300–1322 First Muslim ruler to conquer Sonargaon region.
Ghiyasuddin Bahadur Shah 1322–1324 Lost independence of Bengal to Delhi Sultan Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq.

List of rulers of Bengal Governors of Bengal under Delhi Sultanate of Tughlaqs

Name Region Reign Notes
Ghiyasuddin Bahadur Shah Sonargaon 1324–1328
Bahram Khan Sonargaon 1328–1338
Qadar Khan Lakhnauti 1328–1336
Mukhlis Lakhnauti 1336–1339
Azam Khan Satgaon 1324–1328
Izzuddin Yahya Satgaon 1328–1339

List of rulers of Bengal Independent Sultans of Bengal during Delhi Sultanate of Tughlaqs

Name Region Reign Notes
Fakhruddin Mubarak Shah Sonargaon 1338–1349
Ikhtiyaruddin Ghazi Shah Sonargaon 1349–1352
Ilyas Shah Satgaon 1339–1342
Alauddin Ali Shah Lakhnauti 1339–1342
Ilyas Shah Lakhnauti and Satgaon 1342–1352

List of rulers of Bengal First rule of Ilyas Shahi dynasty

Name Reign Notes
Ilyas Shah 1352–1358 Became the first sole ruler of whole Bengal comprising Sonargaon, Satgaon and Lakhnauti.
Sikandar Shah 1358–1390 Assassinated by his son and successor, Ghiyasuddin Azam Shah
Ghiyasuddin Azam Shah 1390–1411
Saifuddin Hamza Shah 1411–1412
Shihabuddin Bayazid Shah 1412–1414

List of rulers of Bengal House of Raja Ganesha


List of rulers of Bengal Second rule of Ilyas Shahi dynasty


List of rulers of Bengal Habshi dynasty


List of rulers of Bengal Hussain Shahi dynasty


List of rulers of Bengal Governors of the Sur dynasty

Name Reign Notes
Sher Shah Suri 1538–1539 Defeated Mughals and became the ruler of Delhi in 1540.
Khidr Khan 1538–1541 Attempted to declare independence from Delhi in 1541.
Qazi Fazilat 1541–1545
Muhammad Khan Sur 1545–1554 Declared independence from Delhi in 1554.

List of rulers of Bengal Muhammad Shahi dynasty


List of rulers of Bengal Karrani dynasty (Mughal vassals)


List of rulers of Bengal Mughal Subahdars of Bengal Subah (1565–1717)

During the reign of Akbar

During the reign of

Name Reign Notes
Qutubuddin Koka 2 September 1606 – 1607 killed in a battle against Sher Afghan
Jahangir Quli Beg 1607–1608 In early life, a slave of Akbar's brother, Mirza Muhammad Hakim
Islam Khan Chishti 1608–1613 first governor to transfer the Bengal capital to Dhaka on April 1612
Qasim Khan Chishti 1613–1617 younger brother of Islam Khan Chishti
Ibrahim Khan Fath-i-Jang 1617–1624 died in an attack by Prince Shahjahan
Mahabat Khan 1625–1626
Mukarram Khan 1626–1627
Fidai Khan 1627–1628

During the reign of Shah Jahan

During the reign of Aurangzeb

Azim-us-Shan (r. 1697–1712) receiving the investiture of Khizr

Post Aurangzeb Subahdars


List of rulers of Bengal The Nawabs of Bengal


Portrait Titular Name Personal Name Birth Reign Death
Nasiri Dynasty
Murshid Quli Jafar Khan.jpg Ala ud-Daulah Murshid Quli Jafar Khan 1665 1717– 1727 30 June 1727
Sarfaraz Khan.jpg Mirza Asadullah Sarfaraz Khan Bahadur ? 1727-1727 April 1740
Shuja-ud-Din Muhammad Khan.jpg Shuja ud-Daula Shuja-ud-Din Muhammad Khan 1670 July 1727 – 26 August 1739 26 August 1739
Sarfaraz Khan.jpg Mirza Asadullah Sarfaraz Khan Bahadur ? 13 March 1739 – April 1740 April 1740
Afshar Dynasty
Allavardi Xán.jpg Husam ud-Daula Muhammad Alivardi Khan Bahadur 10 May 1671 29 April 1740 – 16 April 1756 16 April 1756
Siraj ud-Daulah.JPG Siraj ud-Daulah Mîrzâ Muhammad Sirâj-ud-Daulah 1733 April 1756 – 2 June 1757 2 July 1757
Najafi Dynasty
Mir Jafar (left) and Mir Miran (right).jpg Ja'afar 'Ali Khan Bahadur Mir Muhammed Jafar Ali Khan 1691 June 1757 – October 1760 17 January 1765
Nawab Mir Qasim.jpg Itimad ud-Daulah Mir Kasim Ali Khan Bahadur ? 1760–1763 1764
Mir Jafar (left) and Mir Miran (right).jpg Ja'afar 'Ali Khan Bahadur Mir Muhammed Jafar Ali Khan 1691 25 July 1763 – 17 January 1765 17 January 1765
Nazam ud-Daulah.jpg Nazam-ud-Daulah Najimuddin Ali Khan 1750 5 February 1765 – 8 May 1766 8 May 1766
Saif ud-Daulah.jpg Saif ud-Daulah Najabut Ali Khan 1749 22 May 1766 – 10 March 1770 10 March 1770
Mubaraq ud-Daulah.jpg Mubarak ud-Daulah Ashraf Ali Khan 1759 21 March 1770 – 6 September 1793 6 September 1793
Babar Ali.jpg Azud ud-Daulah Babar Ali Khan Bahadur ? 1793 – 28 April 1810 28 April 1810
Ali Jah.jpg Ali Jah Zain-ud-Din Ali Khan ? 5 June 1810 – 6 August 1821 6 August 1821
Walla Jah.jpg Walla Jah Ahmad Ali Khan ? 1810 – 30 October 1824 30 October 1824
Nawab Nazim Humayun Jah.jpg Humayun Jah Mubarak Ali Khan 29 September 1810 1824 – 3 October 1838 3 October 1838
Feradun Jah.jpg Feradun Jah Mansur Ali Khan 29 October 1830 29 October 1838 –1881 (abdicated) 5 November 1884

List of rulers of Bengal Nawabs of Murshidabad


Picture Titular Name Personal Name Birth Reign Death
Najafi Dynasty
Young Hassan Ali.jpg Ali Kadir Hassan Ali Mirza Khan Bahadur 25 August 1846 17 February 1882 – 25 December 1906 25 December 1906
Wasif Ali Mirza Khan Bahadur.jpg Amir ul-Omrah Wasif Ali Mirza Khan Bahadur 7 January 1875 December 1906–23 October 1959 23 October 1959
Waris Ali.jpg Raes ud-Daulah Waris Ali Mirza Khan Bahadur 14 November 1901 1959 – 20 November 1969 ( no clear successor-post/title in dispute) 20 November 1969

List of rulers of Bengal Hindu Raj


Maharaja Pratap-Aditya (Bengali: মহারাজা প্রতাপাদিত্য) (1561–1611 CE) was the Hindu King of Jessore and the most prominent of the Baro-Bhuyan of Bengal, who declared independence from the Mughals and established an independent Hindu state in Bengal. His kingdom at its zenith encompassed the districts of Nadia, North 24 Parganas and South 24 Parganas in West Bengal, as well as extending into modern-day Bangladesh from Kushtia district in north, Barisal in east and Sundarbans and Bay of Bengal to south. Pratapaditya's love for the Motherland, fierce spirit of Hindu independence from Muslim yoke, and epic battles against the Mughal imperialists made him the most famous legendary hero for the Hindus in Bengal. His bravery and heroism became the subject of many ballads, none grander than Annadamangal, the magnum opus of Bharat Chandra the greatest medieval poet of Bengal. In the final of the three-part epic, Bharat Chandra introduces Pratapaditya as excerpted below: " যশোর নগর ধাম, প্রতাপ আদিত্য নাম, মহারাজ বঙ্গজ কায়স্হ । নাহি মানে পাতশায়, কেহ নাহি আঁটে তায়, ভয়ে যত ভূপতি দ্বারস্হ ।। " Pratapaditya Roy has been recognized as a national hero in several narratives of Hindu Nationalism where he has been placed alongside Shivaji and Guru Govind Singh for his immortal deeds.


List of rulers of Bengal Maharajas of Bhurshut


List of rulers of Bengal Maharajas of Bankura


List of rulers of Bengal Maharajas of Koch kingdom


List of rulers of Bengal Maharajas of Midnapore


List of rulers of Bengal Maharajas of Jessore kingdom


List of rulers of Bengal Maharajas of Khulna

On the day of declaration of partition of Pakistan and India i.e. on 14-15 th August 1947 Murshidabad was in East Pakistan and Khulna was in India .It was on 16 August that Khulna was given to East Pakistan and Murshidabad given to India.


List of rulers of Bengal Maharajas of Sripur


List of rulers of Bengal Maharajas of Nadia


List of rulers of Bengal British Colonial Period



List of rulers of Bengal Chief Agents (1701–1756)


List of rulers of Bengal Governors (1757–1854)


List of rulers of Bengal Lieutenant-Governors (1854–1912)


List of rulers of Bengal Governors (1912–1947)


List of rulers of Bengal After Independence of India and Pakistan


British colonial period ended when India and Pakistan became independent nations in 1947. Bengal fell into two parts – one in India, named West Bengal and the other part in Pakistan as East Pakistan.


List of rulers of Bengal Governors of West Bengal

# Name Took Office Left Office
1 Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari 1947 1948
2 Kailash Nath Katju 1948 1951
3 Harendra Coomar Mookerjee 1951 1956
4 Phani Bhusan Chakraborty 1956 1956
5 Padmaja Naidu 1956 1967
6 Dharma Vira 1967 1969
7 Deep Narayan Sinha 1969 1969
8 Shanti Swaroop Dhavan 1969 1971
9 Anthony Lancelot Dias 1971 1979
10 Tribhuvana Narayana Singh 1979 1981
11 Bhairab Dutt Pande 1981 1983
12 Anant Prasad Sharma 1983 1984
13 Satish Chandra 1984 1984
14 Uma Shankar Dikshit 1984 1986
15 Nurul Hasan 1986 1989
16 T. V. Rajeshwar 1989 1990
17 Nurul Hasan 1990 1993
18 B. Satyanarayan Reddy 1993 1993
19 K.V. Raghunatha Reddy 1993 1998
20 A.R. Kidwai 1998 1999
21 Shyamal Kumar Sen 1999 1999
22 Viren J. Shah 1999 2004
23 Gopalkrishna Gandhi 2004 2009
24 Devanand Konwar 2009 2010
25 Mayankote Kelath Narayanan 2010 present

List of rulers of Bengal Chief Ministers of West Bengal

Key: INC
Indian National Congress
BC-UF
Bangla Congress
CPI(M)
Communist Party of India (Marxist)
# Name Took Office Left Office Political Party
1 Prafulla Chandra Ghosh 15 August 1947 14 January 1948 Indian National Congress
2 Bidhan Chandra Roy 14 January 1948 1 July 1962 Indian National Congress
President's rule 1 July 1962 8 July 1962
3 Prafulla Chandra Sen 8 July 1962 15 March 1967 Indian National Congress
4 Ajoy Kumar Mukherjee 15 March 1967 2 November 1967 Bangla Congress in United Front
5 Prafulla Chandra Ghosh 2 November 1967 20 February 1968 Nonparty in Progressive Democratic Alliance Front
President's rule 20 February 1968 25 February 1969
6 Ajoy Kumar Mukherjee 25 February 1969 19 March 1970 Bangla Congress in United Front
President's rule 19 March 1970 2 April 1971
7 Ajoy Kumar Mukherjee 2 April 1971 28 June 1971 Indian National Congress in coalition
President's rule 28 June 1971 19 March 1972
8 Siddhartha Shankar Ray 19 March 1972 21 June 1977 Indian National Congress
9 Jyoti Basu 21 June 1977 6 November 2000 Communist Party of India (Marxist) in Left Front
10 Buddhadeb Bhattacharya 6 November 2000 13 May 2011 Communist Party of India (Marxist) in Left Front
11 Mamata Banerjee 20 May 2011 Incumbent All India Trinamool Congress

List of rulers of Bengal Governor of East Pakistan

Tenure Chief Minister of East Pakistan Political Party
August 1955 – September 1956 Abu Hussain Sarkar Krishan Sramik Party
September 1956 – March 1958 Ata-ur-Rahman Khan Awami League
March 1958 Abu Hussain Sarkar Krishan Sramik Party
March 1958 – 18 June 1958 Ata-ur-Rahman Khan Awami League
18 June 1958 – 22 June 1958 Abu Hussain Sarkar Krishan Sramik Party
22 June 1958 – 25 August 1958 Governor's Rule
25 August 1958 – 7 October 1958 Ata-ur-Rahman Khan Awami League

In 7 October 1958, the post of Governor of East Pakistan was abolished. And after the independence of Bangladesh in 16 December 1971, the Province of East Pakistan was dissolved.


List of rulers of Bengal After independence of Bangladesh


East Pakistan seceded from West Pakistan in 16 December 1971 and was named Bangladesh as an independent nation.


List of rulers of Bengal Prime Ministers of Bangladesh

Name Took Office Left Office Party
1 Tajuddin Ahmed 10 April 1971 13 January 1972 Awami League
2 Sheikh Mujibur Rahman 13 January 1972 26 January 1975 Awami League
3 Mohammad Mansoor Ali 26 January 1975 15 August 1975 Awami League
4 Shah Azizur Rahman 15 April 1979 24 March 1982 Bangladesh Nationalist Party
5 Ataur Rahman Khan 30 March 1984 9 July 1986 Jatiya Party
6 Mizanur Rahman Chowdhury 9 July 1986 27 March 1988 Jatiya Party
7 Moudud Ahmed 27 March 1988 12 August 1989 Jatiya Party
8 Kazi Zafar Ahmed 12 August 1989 6 December 1990 Jatiya Party
9 Khaleda Zia, 1st Term 20 March 1991 16 February 1996 Bangladesh Nationalist Party
10 Khaleda Zia, 2nd Term 16 March 1996 30 March 1996 Bangladesh Nationalist Party
11 Sheikh Hasina Wazed 1st Term 23 June 1996 15 July 2001 Awami League
12 Khaleda Zia, 3rd Term 10 October 2001 29 October 2006 Bangladesh Nationalist Party
13 Sheikh Hasina Wazed, 2nd Term 1 January 2009 incumbent Awami League

List of rulers of Bengal References


  1. ^ a b ABM Shamsuddin Ahmed, Iltutmish, Banglapedia: The National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, Dhaka, Retrieved: 2012-02-18
  2. ^ Encyclopaedia Of Bangladesh (Set Of 30 Vols.) By Nagendra Kr. Singh
  3. ^ Sarkar, Jadunath (1984, reprint 1994). A History of Jaipur, New Delhi: Orient Longman ISBN 81-250-0333-9, pp.86–87

List of rulers of Bengal External links




| List_of_rulers_of_Bengal | Bengal | History_of_Bengal | Ilyas_Shahi_dynasty | Ghiyasuddin_Mahmud_Shah | Devapala | Sher_Shah_Suri | Mir_Jafar_of_Bengal | Mahipala | Tughral_Tughan_Khan | Shashanka | Madanapala | Raja_Ganesha | Lakshman_Sen | Saifuddin_Firuz_Shah | Mahmud_Shah_II | Shamsuddin_Muzaffar_Shah | Ali_Mardan_Khilji | Ghiyasuddin_Azam_Shah | Nasiruddin_Nasrat_Shah

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