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A masia (Catalan pronunciation: [məˈzi.ə], Aragonese: pardina, also known as mas in Catalan and Occitan (pronounced: [ˈmas]), is a type of rural construction common to the Catalan Countries, particularly during the ancient Crown of Aragon which have their origins in the Roman villas. They are often large but isolated structures, nearly always associated with a family farming or livestock operation.
Through the ages, the materials utiliced to construct masias varied, often determined by their location. In mountain areas, rough stone was often used, except for doorways, windows and arches, where stone was worked. During the Middle Ages, mud was used as mortar, though later on it was replaced by quicklime or cement. In places where stone was hard to come by, adobe was more common as a construction material.
For the most part, masias are oriented to the south face. Constructions older than 16th century have an arched main entrance while those built after the 18th century usually have lintel entrances. Masias were rarely more than 5 meters tall and were typically constructed with wooden beams placed perpendicular to the facade and covered by tiles. In the Pyrenees and other mountainous areas, the roofing would often be made of slate slate.
They tended to be at least two story buildings, with the ground floor reserved for farming tasks and even housing livestock, with the upper floor reserved for the family's living quarters. If there was a floor above that, it would often be used as a granary, or occasionally to house pigeons.
Many masias have been converted into bed and breakfasts or centers for rural tourism.
The Masia Can Taxonera in Arenys de Mar
Can Mora, in Sant Vicenç de Montalt
Masia de la Teijería, in Olocau del Rey, Els Ports
A typical masia in Xàbia