| Meppen | SV_Meppen | Meppen_station | Meppen_(disambiguation) | Carsten_Schlangen | Gerd_Zacher | Alexander_Hahn | Wildeshausen_Geest | Daniel_Latkowski | Holger_Wehlage | Nils_Zumbeel | Hermann_Lause | Holthausen | II_Canadian_Corps | Verbotene_Liebe_minor_characters | Guy_Simonds | Exhibition_Centre_for_the_Archaeology_of_the_Emsland | Emsland_Railway | Max_Cream | Mathias_Jack | Paul_Weerman | Nangila_van_Eyck | Emmen,_Netherlands | Meppen,_Illinois | Paul_Caligiuri | European_route_E233 | Roland_Koch_(footballer) | Mathias_Surmann | Jens_Robben | Alberto_Cobrea | Ferydoon_Zandi | Johan_Derksen | Andrea_Wilkens |
|Subdivisions||7 Stadtteile and 13 villages|
|• Mayor||Jan Erik Bohling (CDU)|
|• Total||188.48 km2 (72.77 sq mi)|
|Elevation||14 m (46 ft)|
|• Density||180/km2 (470/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Meppen is a town in and the seat of the Emsland district of Lower Saxony, Germany, at the confluence of the Ems, Hase, and Nordradde rivers and the Dortmund-Ems canal (DEK). The name stems from the word Mappe, meaning "delta".
The town lying on the mouth of the Hase into the Ems in the central part of the Emsland between the cities of Lingen and Papenburg.
Lying about 12 miles (20 km) from the Dutch border, the town has an area of 188.45 km² and is 15 m above sea level. The population was 34,196 as of 30 June 2005.
Quarters of Meppen:
Following villages are situated in Meppen:
In 1974, 13 independent municipalities in the close vicinity of the town were integrated into Meppen.
Meppen, formerly a fortified town, boasts 12 centuries of history.
1252—Countess Prince-Bishopric of Münster).
1360—Meppen is granted the right to build city fortifications by Bishop Adolf of Münster, and thereby, town rights. Over the next three centuries until 1660, Meppen is built up as a fortified town.
1762—at the end of the Seven Years' War, the fortifications are demolished. Some walls remain standing today, however.
1803—Resolutions of the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss assign Meppen to Louis Engelbert, 6th Duke of Arenberg, to compensate for the loss of his possessions on the west bank of the Rhine. Meppen becomes the capital of the dukedom of Arenberg.
1813–1814—Occupation by Prussia.
1855—Meppen connected to the Hannoverschen Westbahn railway line upon its opening.
1866—Hanover becomes a province of Prussia.
Since November 16, 1944 about 2,500 inmates of the Neuengamme concentration camp were transported to a prisoner of war camp in the quarter Versen. They are forced to build the so-called Friesenwall. On March 25, 1945 the SS cleared the camp and the inmates were forced to walk toward Bremen together with the inmates of the Dalum camp. Most of them were deported back to the Neuengamme camp, some were transported to Sandbostel camp Stalag X-B. The camp in Versen is listed as no. 927 Meppen-Versen in the official German list.
1977—District reforms in Lower Saxony unite the former districts of Aschendorf-Hümmling in the district of Emsland, with Meppen as administrative seat.
Between September and April the Meppen Theatre Group (Theatergemeinde Meppen) offers a comprehensive programme. Productions take place in the Meppen Theatre and Concert Hall, which was designed by Eberhard Kulenkampff and completed in 1959. It also acts as a school hall for the Windthorst Gymnasium. The programme includes both touring theatre productions as well as musical events of various genres.
From May to September, the Emsland Open Air Stage at Meppen (Emsländische Freilichtbühne Meppen) offers visitors a family musical and an evening event, mostly based on musical productions. More than 30,000 visitors come each year to the open air theatre in Esterfeld Forest to see large musical performances involving casts of up to 100.
(*including the villages belonging to the city of Meppen)