MIDELT

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  1. Pierres, minéraux et fossiles de Midelt au Maroc. - Collection de minéraux : vanadinite, érythrine, azurite, malachite, cérusite, fluorine. Les cristaux et pierres du Maroc recherchés par les collectionneurs.
  2. Moroccan Fossils & Minerals - Group of young Moroccans selling fossils, minerals, Selenite and fossilized marble through a network in Europe and the USA.


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    Midelt


    Midelt ⴰⵡⵟⴰⵟ
    Jbel Ayachi looms over the old French quarter of Midelt
    Midelt is located in Morocco
    Midelt ⴰⵡⵟⴰⵟ
    Location in Morocco
    Coordinates: 32°40′48″N 4°43′48″W / 32.68000°N 4.73000°W / 32.68000; -4.73000Coordinates: 32°40′48″N 4°43′48″W / 32.68000°N 4.73000°W / 32.68000; -4.73000
    Country  Morocco
    Region Meknès-Tafilalet
    Elevation 4,948 ft (1,508 m)
    Population (2004)
     • Total 44,780
    Time zone WET (UTC+0)
     • Summer (DST) WEST (UTC+1)

    Midelt (Berber: ⴰⵡⵟⴰⵟ) (Arabic: ميدلت‎) is a town in central Morocco, in the high plains between the Middle Atlas and High Atlas mountain ranges. With an estimated population of 44,780, Midelt serves as the commercial center of a large agricultural hinterland. It is also one of Morocco's principal cities for the mining of several minerals. Coordinates: 32°40′48″N 4°43′48″W / 32.68000°N 4.73000°W / 32.68000; -4.73000.


    Midelt Geography


    Midelt is situated on the main road between Fes and Meknes to the north and Errachidia to the south. Geographically, it is situated in the high plains surrounding the Moulouya River, between the Middle and High Atlas mountain ranges.

    The city's elevation is 1,508 metres (4,948 ft), making it one of the highest large towns in Morocco.


    Midelt Climate


    The elevation of Midelt cools the daily temperatures to make Midelt one of the most temperate of the inland towns. However, many coastal towns have milder temperatures, warmer in winter and cooler in summer.

    Temperature averages, from the years 1961 to 1990, yield daily maximum/minimum temperatures for January as 12.3 / 0.6 degrees Celsius and for July as 32.6 / 16.3 degrees Celsius.[1] Snow is common in winter, and precipitation continues throughout the year at moderate levels. However, the principal water source of the region is a spring at the foot of Jbel Ayachi, 10 kilometres (6 mi) south of Midelt.

    A dam moderating the flow from the spring was destroyed by a flood in early 2006 following heavy snows the previous winter, damaging the nearby village of Tattiwin.

    Climate data for Midelt
    Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
    Average high °C (°F) 12
    (53)
    13
    (56)
    17
    (62)
    20
    (68)
    23
    (74)
    28
    (83)
    34
    (93)
    33
    (92)
    28
    (82)
    21
    (70)
    17
    (62)
    13
    (55)
    21.6
    (70.8)
    Average low °C (°F) 0
    (32)
    1
    (34)
    3
    (38)
    6
    (43)
    8
    (47)
    13
    (55)
    16
    (61)
    16
    (61)
    13
    (55)
    8
    (47)
    4
    (40)
    2
    (35)
    7.5
    (45.7)
    Precipitation mm (inches) 10
    (0.4)
    20
    (0.8)
    23
    (0.9)
    33
    (1.3)
    30
    (1)
    13
    (0.5)
    8
    (0.3)
    8
    (0.3)
    23
    (0.9)
    23
    (0.9)
    23
    (0.9)
    20
    (0.8)
    234
    (9)
    Source: Weatherbase [2]

    Midelt History


    The former French governor's residence, now cultural Centre Tarik Ibn Zyad

    Midelt grew in the first half of the 20th century around a French administrative post by the same name. Previously, villages and Casablanca received electricity earlier.

    After Moroccan independence in 1956, control reverted to the Moroccan government. Midelt is currently the provincial capital of Midelt Province.


    Midelt People


    Midelt is a largely Berber (Amazigh) city . Berber residents speak the Central Atlas Tamazight (Ait Ayache) language but most can also use the dialect of Darija. Educated residents also speak Standard Arabic as well as French, which are used throughout Morocco in mass media, education, and government.

    Because Midelt is a new city, almost all Mideltis can trace their roots either to one of the nearby villages or to elsewhere in Morocco. The city also lacks the sharply defined neighborhood divisions and traditional souqs of older Moroccan cities.

    Very few non-natives live in Midelt. Of these, the longest established are a community of Franciscan nuns and Cistercian monks living at the Monastery of Our Lady of the Atlas in a nearby village. The nuns work with local women and girls to develop handcrafts and teach hygiene, French language, and other skills.


    Midelt Economy


    Plums grow in the village of Berrem, south of Midelt

    Midelt functions as the market for an agricultural area extending from the Moulouya River to Jbel Ayachi, bounded on the east and west by dry plains. This region is best known for apples; other produce includes walnuts, apricots, plums, pomegranates, wheat, corn, and a wide variety of garden vegetables.

    Nomads and sedentary farmers from the surrounding area also raise sheep and goats for slaughter and for wool. Both of these are sold in Midelt, but largely for local consumption. Locally gathered evidence indicates that the local price of meat is inversely related to rainfall: in wet years, nomads can keep their herds alive through the summer and do not bring them to market; in dry years, animals are better sold than lost to draught.

    Midelt's industrial sector is largely related to the nearby mines, of which only Mibladen continues to operate at high capacity. Lead, gypsum, and a host of lesser-known minerals are extracted for sale to industry and for household decorations.

    Tourism continues to grow as an important source of revenue for Midelt. The climate attracts many visitors, mostly Moroccans from lower climes and émigrés to Europe. These support several small hotels as well as two larger establishments catering to Europeans. In addition to visitors, local handcrafts - especially carpets and blankets in the roughhewn nomadic style - are sold through cooperatives and merchants both locally and in Morocco's larger cities.


    Midelt References


    1. ^ "Climatological Info. for Midelt, Morocco", Hong Kong Observatory, 2003, webpage: HKO-Midelt.
    2. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Midelt, Morocco". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 24, 2011.

    Midelt External links




    Midelt Press Midelt Maroc Midelt Online Midelt Morocco Midelt En Ligne Bawabat Midelt Meteo Midelt Riad Villa Midelt

    | Midelt Press | Midelt Maroc | Midelt Online | Midelt Morocco | Midelt En Ligne | Bawabat Midelt | Meteo Midelt | Riad Villa Midelt | Midelt | Midelt_Province | Boumia,_Morocco | Zaida,_Morocco | Gourrama | Itzer | Tounfit | Narrow_gauge_railways_in_former_French_Morocco | Hassan_II_Dam | List_of_municipalities,_communes,_and_arrondissements_of_Morocco | Khalid_Skah | Tazmamart | Regions_of_Morocco | Trappists | Jbel_Ayachi | Vanadinite | Errachidia_Province | Er-Rich

    Copyright:
    Dieser Artikel basiert auf dem Artikel http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Midelt aus der freien Enzyklopaedie http://en.wikipedia.org bzw. http://www.wikipedia.org und steht unter der Doppellizenz GNU-Lizenz fuer freie Dokumentation und Creative Commons CC-BY-SA 3.0 Unported. In der Wikipedia ist eine Liste der Autoren unter http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Midelt&action=history verfuegbar. Alle Angaben ohne Gewähr.

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