MINERS

Gold Miner Game Gold Miner Total Miner Rachel Miner Southern Illinois Miners Fairbanks Daily News Miner Miners Need Cool Shoes Miners Trapped




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| Gold Miner Game | Gold Miner | Total Miner | Rachel Miner | Southern Illinois Miners | Fairbanks Daily News Miner | Miners Need Cool Shoes | Miners Trapped |

| Miner | UTEP_Miners | UTEP_Miners_basketball | Mining | UTEP_Miners_football | History_of_coal_miners | Coal_mining | Leaf_miners | University_of_Texas_at_El_Paso | Land_mine | Geositta | Miners_(poem) | Silver_miners | Silesia_Miners | Mining_(military) | Dodgeville,_Wisconsin |

  1. Mineral Spectroscopy - Information about color in minerals and the spectroscopy of minerals (mineral absorption spectra).
  2. The Mineral and Gemstone Kingdom - An interactive reference guide to rocks, minerals, and gemstones.
  3. The Mineral Mine - Photographs and information on a number of naturally-occurring minerals.
  4. Minerals Collection - Fernando Metelli provides a large number of photographs and information about minerals from Italy and other parts of Europe.
  5. Mineral Collectors Links Page - Internet mineralogy portal containing links to sites related to minerals.
  6. Spanish Minerals - Offers mineral collections, wholesale collections and various minerals from the Panasqueira Mine and other localities in Spain.
  7. OBG International Gems & Minerals - Fine gems, minerals and crystal specimens for the discriminating mineral collector.
  8. Reference Guide For Minerals - Gives an overview and information on a variety of minerals and trace minerals.
  9. Eastern (USA) Minerals Resources - Gateway to information on minerals and mineral resources research in the eastern United States.
  10. Lithos and Minerals - Image libraries and some information on zeolites (mostly from India) and their associated minerals.
  11. Minerals and Mineralogy - Descriptions and photography of several common minerals.
  12. Minrls Mineral Software - Software devoted to the identification, understanding, and collection of minerals.
  13. Penn Minerals - Rocks, minerals and fossils from the State of Pennsylvania and around the world. Also information on collecting sites.
  14. Gem and Mineral Exploration Company - General rockhound information site with rocks and minerals for sale.
  15. H and P Minerals and Gems - Dealers in thumbnail and miniature minerals for collectors.
  16. Dale Minerals International - Supplier of mineral and fossil specimens for private and institutional collections.
  17. The Arkenstone Fine Minerals - Worldwide Mineral Specimens specializing in rarities, new finds, and old classics.
  18. Attard Minerals - Mineral specimens of beauty for sale to collectors, earth science educators and museums worldwide
  19. Alpine Mineral Company - Quality minerals for collectors - specializing in Alpine and Gem Pegmatite specimens.
  20. Fabre Minerals - Features catalog of minerals for sale with pictures, prices, and testimonials.


  21. [ Link Deletion Request ]

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    Miner


    Miner
    Kuzbass workers.jpg
    A coal miner from Kuzbass with a jackhammer, 1933
    Occupation
    Activity sectors Mining
    Description

    A miner is a person who extracts ore, coal, or other minerals from the earth through mining. There are two conceptions as to what this includes. In its narrowest understanding, "miners" are solely those persons who work at the face cutting, blasting, or otherwise working and removing the rock.[1][2] In the broader understanding, a "miner" also includes any other laborer working within a mine, not just working the rock itself.[1] This article will consider this broader concept.

    There have been miners since humans first began mining. In regions with a long mining tradition, many communities have developed cultural traditions and aspects specific to the various regions, in the forms of particular equipment, symbolism, music, and the like.


    Miners Roles


    Different miners have different roles in the working of a mine, depending on the type of mine, its operations, and the point in time and technology, as well as the qualifications of the individual miner. Many of the roles are specific to a type of mining, such as to coal mining. Roles considered to be "miners" in the narrower concept have included:

    • Hewer (also known as "breaker" or "pickman"), whose job was to hew the rock.
      • Collier, a hewer who hews coal with a pick.
    • Driller, who works a rock drill to bore holes for placing dynamite or other explosives.

    Other laborer roles within mines that did not involve breaking rock (and thus fit the broader definition of miner) have included:

    • Loader (also called a "bandsman"), who loads the mining carts with coal at the face.
    • Putter (also known as a "drags-man"), who works the carts around the mine
    • Barrow-man, who transported the broken coal from the face in wheelbarrows.
    • Hurrier, who transported coal carts from a mine to the surface
    • Timberer, who fashions and installs timber supports to support the walls and ceiling in an underground mine

    In addition to miners, other number of other laborers work on the surface for the mining operation:


    Miners Modern miners


    Miner employment is expected to grow at an average rate as other good jobs.[3]

    The basics of mining includes finding, extracting, and preparing minerals, metals and coal. These products are used by utilities and manufacturing industries. Miners also supervise the construction of underground mine operations and create ways to transport the extracted minerals to processing plants.[3]

    Miners use the principals of math and science to develop economical solutions to technical problems. They often work on new products considering a variety of factors and evaluate a final design for cost, safety, effectiveness, and reliability. In addition, miners are required to work in production, maintenance, and testing. Nanotechnology is a new aspect being introduced into mining.[3]

    In most cases, a bachelor's degree in engineering, mining engineering or geological engineering is required. Jobs requiring research often require a degree in engineering. Because technology is constantly changing, miners need to continue their education.[3]


    Miners Hazards


    This[which?] text has been ratified by 70 countries, 28 of which have denounced.[4]

    Mining is one of the most dangerous trades in the world.[citation needed] In some countries miners lack social guarantees and in case of injury may be left to cope without assistance.


    Miners Mining culture



    Miners See also



    Miners References


    1. ^ a b Hill, Albert H. (1920). "miner". A Glossary of the Mining and Mineral Industry. Washington D.C.: United States Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines. 
    2. ^ Raymond, R.W. (1881). "miner". A Glossary of Mining and Metallurgical Terms. Easton, Pa.: American Institute of Mining Engineers. 
    3. ^ a b c d "Career Information: Mining and Geological Engineers". Campus Explorer. Retrieved 11 February 2013. 
    4. ^ ILOLEX (2009-04-26). "Ratification of Convention No. C045". International Labour Organization. Retrieved 2009-04-27. 


    Gold Miner Game Gold Miner Total Miner Rachel Miner Southern Illinois Miners Fairbanks Daily News Miner Miners Need Cool Shoes Miners Trapped

    | Gold Miner Game | Gold Miner | Total Miner | Rachel Miner | Southern Illinois Miners | Fairbanks Daily News Miner | Miners Need Cool Shoes | Miners Trapped | Miner | UTEP_Miners | UTEP_Miners_basketball | Mining | UTEP_Miners_football | History_of_coal_miners | Coal_mining | Leaf_miners | University_of_Texas_at_El_Paso | Land_mine | Geositta | Miners_(poem) | Silver_miners | Silesia_Miners | Mining_(military) | Dodgeville,_Wisconsin

    Copyright:
    Dieser Artikel basiert auf dem Artikel http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miners aus der freien Enzyklopaedie http://en.wikipedia.org bzw. http://www.wikipedia.org und steht unter der Doppellizenz GNU-Lizenz fuer freie Dokumentation und Creative Commons CC-BY-SA 3.0 Unported. In der Wikipedia ist eine Liste der Autoren unter http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Miners&action=history verfuegbar. Alle Angaben ohne Gewähr.

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