OUTBREAK

Cyclospora Outbreak Norovirus Outbreak Infection Outbreak Measles Outbreak Food Outbreaks Virus Outbreak Vietnam Outbreak Definition Outbreak of Disease




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| Cyclospora Outbreak | Norovirus Outbreak | Infection Outbreak | Measles Outbreak | Food Outbreaks | Virus Outbreak Vietnam | Outbreak Definition | Outbreak of Disease |

| Outbreak | Tornado_outbreak | Outbreak_(film) | World_War_II | 2001_United_Kingdom_foot-and-mouth_outbreak | Outbreak_of_infection | 2009_H1N1_outbreak | Invasion_of_Poland | 1999_Oklahoma_tornado_outbreak | Attack_on_Pearl_Harbor | 2011_Germany_E._coli_O104:H4_outbreak | 1854_Broad_Street_cholera_outbreak | Outbreak_(band) | May_2004_tornado_outbreak_sequence | 2011_United_States_listeriosis_outbreak | 1993_Four_Corners_hantavirus_outbreak | Outbreak_(TMNT_2003_Episode) | Outbreak_(novel) |

  1. All-Reviews.com - Outbreak - Review of the movie.
  2. Game Revolution - Contains cheat codes for the game.
  3. Resident Evil Outbreak Cheats - Provides Cheats, codes and guides.
  4. Recent Outbreaks of Legionnaires' Disease - Reports from around the world.
  5. Cheat Code Central - Includes codes for the game.
  6. Outbreak Freefly - Training in Spain and the UK with English full time coaches.
  7. Status of the SARS Outbreak - Overview of events since recognition of this outbreak as major global concern. Explains why this is more serious than outbreaks of other new infectious diseases in the last years. [WHO]
  8. Gamespy - Offers game information, cheats, news, previews, and reviews.
  9. Gamespy - Cheats.
  10. Gamespy - Previews, game information, and screenshots for the PS2 version.
  11. GameSpot - Provides review, movies, and news.
  12. Gamer's Logik - [7/10] Review with screen shots. "Minute frustrations aside, however, Outbreak is a welcome third installment."
  13. Rpg Dreamers: Dot Hack: Outbreak - Game coverage includes review, screenshots, character profiles, hints and faqs, and message board.
  14. Game Revolution - Reviewed by: Joe, score D+. "Breaks down into a derivative mess of weak AI, mediocre graphics and a silly plot."
  15. Wikipedia: Super Outbreak - Encyclopedia article on the April, 1974 tornado outbreak which spawned the largest number of tornadoes ever recorded.
  16. Zombie Squad - A community and forum for enthusiasts to share ideas for preparing for zombie outbreaks.
  17. WHO Thailand - Technical advice to the government, UN agencies, and partners on health issues. Programs to prevent outbreak of diseases.
  18. Disease Outbreak News - Information about disease outbreaks anywhere in the world, searchable by time period, with archives by disease; from the Communicable Disease Surveillance and Response (CSR), World Health Organization.
  19. Wikipedia: 2009 Flu Pandemic - Hyperlinked encyclopedia article about the global outbreak of the strain of influenza A virus subtype H1N1 identified in April 2009.
  20. JAVMA: Tularemia outbreak identified in pet prairie dogs - Journal article of an outbreak in prairie dogs from a Texas facility.


  21. [ Link Deletion Request ]

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    Outbreak


    Outbreak is a term used in epidemiology to describe an occurrence of disease greater than would otherwise be expected at a particular time and place. It may affect a small and localized group or impact upon thousands of people across an entire continent. Two linked cases of a rare infectious disease may be sufficient to constitute an outbreak. Outbreaks may also refer to epidemics, which affect a region in a country or a group of countries, or pandemics, which describe global disease outbreaks.


    Outbreak Outbreak investigation


    When investigating disease outbreaks, the epidemiology profession has developed a number of widely accepted steps. As described by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, these include the following:[1]

    • Verify the diagnosis related to the outbreak
    • Identify the existence of the outbreak (Is the group of ill persons normal for the time of year, geographic area, etc.?)
    • Create a case definition to define who/what is included as a case
    • Map the spread of the outbreak using Information technology as diagnosis is reported to insurance
    • Develop a hypothesis (What appears to be causing the outbreak?)
    • Study hypothesis (collect data and perform analysis)
    • Refine hypothesis and carry out further study
    • Develop and implement control and prevention systems
    • Release findings to greater communities

    Outbreak debriefing and review has also been recognized as an additional final step and iterative process by the Public Health Agency of Canada.[2]


    Outbreak Types


    There are several outbreak patterns, which can be useful in identifying the transmission method or source, and predicting the future rate of infection. Each has a distinctive epidemic curve, or histogram of case infections and deaths.[3]

    • Common source – All victims acquire the infection from the same source (e.g. a contaminated water supply).[4]
      • Continuous source – Common source outbreak where the exposure occurs over multiple incubation periods
      • Point source – Common source outbreak where the exposure occurs in less than one incubation period[5]
    • Propagated – Transmission occurs from person to person.[6]

    Outbreaks can also be:

    • Zoonotic – The infectious agent is endemic to an animal population.

    Patterns of occurrence are:

    • Endemic – a communicable disease, such as influenza, measles, mumps, pneumonia, colds, small pox, which is characteristic of a particular place, or among a particular group, or area of interest or activity.
    • Epidemic – when this disease is found to infect a significantly larger number of people at the same time than is common at that time, and among that population, and may spread through one or several communities.
    • Pandemic – occurs when an epidemic spreads worldwide.

    Outbreak Outbreak legislation


    Outbreak legislation is still in its infancy and not many countries have had a direct and complete set of the provisions.[8][9] However, some countries do manage the outbreaks using relevant acts, such as public health law.[10]


    Outbreak See also



    Outbreak References


    1. ^ Steps of an Outbreak Investigation, EXCITE | Epidemiology in the Classroom | Outbreak Steps
    2. ^ Public Health Agency of Canada. "Canada’s Food-borne Illness Outbreak Response Protocol (FIORP) 2010: To guide a multi-jurisdictional response". Retrieved 22 March 2013. 
    3. ^ [1][dead link]
    4. ^ Glossary of Epidemiology Terms, Cdc.gov (2007-04-25). Retrieved on 2010-11-25.
    5. ^ Glossary of Epidemiology Terms. Cdc.gov (2007-04-25). Retrieved on 2010-11-25.
    6. ^ Glossary of Epidemiology Terms. Cdc.gov (2007-04-25). Retrieved on 2010-11-25.
    7. ^ [2][dead link]
    8. ^ "Bioterrorism Training and Curriculum Development Program". Retrieved 2 August 2008. 
    9. ^ Star Publications. "‘Outbreak actions protected by law’". Retrieved 2 August 2008. 
    10. ^ The State of Queensland Government. "Legislation and Powers of Entry". Retrieved 2 August 2008. 

    Outbreak External links




    Cyclospora Outbreak Norovirus Outbreak Infection Outbreak Measles Outbreak Food Outbreaks Virus Outbreak Vietnam Outbreak Definition Outbreak of Disease

    | Cyclospora Outbreak | Norovirus Outbreak | Infection Outbreak | Measles Outbreak | Food Outbreaks | Virus Outbreak Vietnam | Outbreak Definition | Outbreak of Disease | Outbreak | Tornado_outbreak | Outbreak_(film) | World_War_II | 2001_United_Kingdom_foot-and-mouth_outbreak | Outbreak_of_infection | 2009_H1N1_outbreak | Invasion_of_Poland | 1999_Oklahoma_tornado_outbreak | Attack_on_Pearl_Harbor | 2011_Germany_E._coli_O104:H4_outbreak | 1854_Broad_Street_cholera_outbreak | Outbreak_(band) | May_2004_tornado_outbreak_sequence | 2011_United_States_listeriosis_outbreak | 1993_Four_Corners_hantavirus_outbreak | Outbreak_(TMNT_2003_Episode) | Outbreak_(novel)

    Copyright:
    Dieser Artikel basiert auf dem Artikel http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Outbreak aus der freien Enzyklopaedie http://en.wikipedia.org bzw. http://www.wikipedia.org und steht unter der Doppellizenz GNU-Lizenz fuer freie Dokumentation und Creative Commons CC-BY-SA 3.0 Unported. In der Wikipedia ist eine Liste der Autoren unter http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Outbreak&action=history verfuegbar. Alle Angaben ohne Gewähr.

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