PSUV Inscritos Hogar Patria PSUV Org Partido Socialista Unido De Venezuela United Socialist Party of Venezuela Communist Party of Venezuela Hogar Patria PSUV Vanguardia PSUV Militantes PSUV
| PSUV Inscritos | Hogar Patria PSUV Org | Partido Socialista Unido De Venezuela | United Socialist Party of Venezuela | Communist Party of Venezuela | Hogar Patria PSUV | Vanguardia PSUV | Militantes PSUV |
| PSUV | Venezuelan_parliamentary_election,_2010 | List_of_Governors_of_States_of_Venezuela | Eduardo_Manuitt_Carpio | Revolutionary_Marxist_Current | Politics_of_Venezuela | Julio_Borges | Diosdado_Cabello | Venezuelan_presidential_election,_2012 | Elections_in_Venezuela | Willian_Lara | MIGATO | Juan_Barreto | Fifth_Republic_Movement | Antonio_Ledezma |
|This article's factual accuracy may be compromised due to out-of-date information. (March 2013)|
|United Socialist Party of Venezuela
Partido Socialista Unido de Venezuela
|Founded||24 March 2007|
|Youth wing||United Socialist Party of Venezuela Youth|
|Ideology||Socialism of the 21st century, Chavismo
|Political position||Left-Wing|
|National affiliation||Great Patriotic Pole|
|International affiliation||São Paulo Forum|
|Seats in the National Assembly|
|Politics of Venezuela
The United Socialist Party of Venezuela (Spanish: Partido Socialista Unido de Venezuela, PSUV) is a socialist political party in Venezuela which resulted from the fusion of some of the political and social forces that support the Bolivarian Revolution led by the late President Hugo Chávez. It is the largest left-wing party in the Western Hemisphere. It has approximately 5.7 million members as of 2007. PSUV held primary elections on 2 May 2010 for candidates to the National Assembly election in September, with 2,568,090 members voting.
The process of merging most of the parties involved in the pro-Bolivarian Revolution coalition was initiated by Venezuelan president Hugo Chávez after he won the Venezuelan presidential election of 2006. The process was led by Chávez' own party, the Fifth Republic Movement, and was supported by a range of smaller parties such as the People's Electoral Movement (MEP), Venezuelan Popular Unity (UPV), the Tupamaro Movement, the Socialist League and others  which all together added up 45.99% of the votes received by Chávez during the 2006 election. Other pro-Bolivarian parties like the Communist Party of Venezuela (Partido Comunista de Venezuela, PCV), Fatherland for All (Patria Para Todos, PPT) and For Social Democracy (PODEMOS), that cast 14.60% of the votes from that election, declined to join the new party.
On 7 March 2007, Chávez presented a phased plan for founding the new party until November 2007. PODEMOS, PPT and PCV initially stated they would wait until PSUV had been founded and decide their membership in the new party based on its program. On 18 March 2007, Chávez declared on his programme Aló Presidente that he had "opened the doors for Podemos, Patria Para Todos, and the Communist Party of Venezuela if they want to go away from Chávez´s alliance, they may do so and leave us in peace". In his opinion, those parties were near to be on the opposition and they should choose wisely, between going "in silence, hugging us or throwing stones". PPT, at its 2007 congress on April 10 and 11, decided not to join but re-affirmed its support for Chávez and the Bolivarian Revolution.
|Parties joining PSUV||Parties not joining PSUV|
|Fifth Republic Movement (MVR)||For Social Democracy (PODEMOS)|
|People's Electoral Movement (MEP)||Fatherland for All (PPT)|
|Everybody Wins Independent Movement (MIGATO)||Communist Party of Venezuela (PCV)|
|Venezuelan Popular Unity (UPV)||Revolutionary Middle Class (CMR)|
|Revolutionary Movement Tupamaro (MRT)||Emergent People (GE)|
|Socialist League (LS)||Action Networks of Communitary Change (REDES)|
|||Communitary Patriotic Unity (UPC)|
|||New People Concentration Movement (MCGN)|
|||Active Democracy National Organization (ONDA)|
|Action Force of Base Coordination (FACOBA)||National Independent Movement (MNI)|
|||Labor Power (PL)|
|Venezuelan Revolutionary Currents (CRV)|
The party held its founding congress in early 2008, from 12 January to 2 March, with 1681 delegates participating. Chávez was proclaimed President of the new party on 14 March. Many revolutionary leftists joined the PSUV and participated enthusiastically and vigorously in its struggles.
Chávez said that "It's a very young party" with an average age of 35 among members. Analysts agreed, saying: "The assumption is that the younger people are going to be Bolivarians [in support of Chávez], they are going to be the ones whose families have benefited from Chávez's social programs."
With the creation of PSUV, relationships greatly soured with former coalition parties that chose not to join. By the 2008 regional election campaign in October, Chávez declared that "Patria Para Todos and the Communist Party of Venezuela will disappear from the political map because they are liars and manipulators."
In April 2010, an Extraordinary Congress of the PSUV resulted in the endorsement of a range of "general principles", including among others socialism, Marxism, and Bolivarianism; humanism, internationalism, and patriotism; and the defense of participatory democracy and use of internal party democracy. It also defined the party as the "political vanguard of the revolutionary process".
|Election year||Name||First Round||Second Round|
| % of
| % of
|2012||Hugo Chávez||8,191,132||55.07 (#1)|
|Major party in "Great Patriotic Pole".|
|2013||Nicolás Maduro||7,587,579||50.6 (#1)|
|Major party in "Great Patriotic Pole".|
|Election year||# of
| % of
overall seats won