PAKISTAN ARMOURED CORPS

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Pakistan Army Armoured Corps


Pakistan Army Armoured Corps
Active 1947-Present
Country  Pakistan
Size 45 armoured regiments
Regimental Centre Nowshera
Colors Red and Yellow
Engagements Indo-Pakistani War of 1947
Indo-Pakistani War of 1965
Indo-Pakistani War of 1971
Operation Desert Storm
UN Peacekeeping Missions
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Gen Zia-ul-Haq
Gen Jehangir Karamat
Lt Gen Gul Hassan Khan

Pakistan Army Armoured Corps (Urdu: ﺁرمى ﺁرمرڈ كور) is a combatant branch of Pakistan Army, tasked with the armoured warfare. Equipped with more than 3000 Main Battle Tanks, the corps is based at the old garrison town of Nowshera and is organized into two armoured divisions and a number of independent armoured brigades. The Pakistan Armoured Corps has a proud history going back to 1773, when its oldest unit was raised in British India. The corps maintains a number of legendary units on its order of battle, who earned fame in numerous wars and engagements of British Indian Army including the two World Wars. At the time of the Partition of India, Pakistan inherited six armoured regiments from the old British Indian Army.[1]

Since then, the corps has expanded into more than forty regiments. Many of these new regiments have also earned accolades for their performance in the wars fought with India. Prominent among them is 25 Cavalry( Men Of Steel), who beat back the invading Indian Armoured Division at Phillaurah during the Battle of Chawinda in 1965.[2]


Pakistan Armoured Corps Regiments in the Corps


Al-Zarrar Main Battle Tank of the Pakistan Army
  • 27 Cavalry
  • 28 Cavalry
  • 29 Cavalry (TIGERS) : The most decorated regiment of armoured corps having 5 x SJ , 2 x TJs , 3 x Tbts and 9 x commendation cards.
  • 30 Cavalry
  • 31 Cavalry
  • 32 Cavalry
  • 33 Cavalry
  • 34 Lancers
  • 37 Cavalry
  • 38 Cavalry
  • 39 Cavalry
  • 40 Horse (Sind)
  • 41 Horse (Frontier Force)
  • 42 Lancers (Punjab)
  • 51 Lancers
  • 52 Cavalry
  • 53 Cavalry
  • 54 Cavalry
  • 55 Cavalry
  • 56 Cavalry
  • 57 Cavalry
  • 58 Cavalry
  • 21 Independent Armoured Squadron[3]

*The President's Body Guard was formed at independence from the Governor General's Bodyguard, which was successor to the Governor's Troop of Mughals raised in 1773.
*5 Horse is the successor to the 1st Sikh Irregular Cavalry (Wales's Horse), and the 2nd Sikh Irregular Cavalry, both raised in 1857.
*6 Lancers is the successor to The Rohilkhand Horse raised in 1857, and the 4th Sikh Irregular Cavalry raised in 1858.
*Guides Cavalry (Frontier Force) is the successor to the Corps of Guides raised in 1846.
*11 Cavalry (Frontier Force) is the successor to 1st and 3rd Regiments of Punjab Cavalry, both raised in 1849.
*12 Cavalry (Frontier Force) is the successor to 2nd and 5th Regiments of Punjab Cavalry, both raised in 1849.

*13th Lancers is successor to the 1st and 2nd Native Troops of Bombay Cavalry, raised in 1804 and 1816 respectively. It is the senior-most armoured regiment of Pakistan.

2nd Bombay Lancers (now 13th Lancers).
Coloured lithograph by Richard Simkin, 1885.

*15th Lancers is successor to the Muttra Horse and 7th Bombay Cavalry, raised in 1857 and 1885 respectively.

*19th Lancers is successor to the 2nd Mahratta Horse (Tiwana Horse) raised in 1858, and Fane's Horse raised in 1860.
*25 Cavalry (Frontier Force) is the famous regiment which stopped the Indian Army's armoured thrust during the Battle of Chawinda in 1965.
The regiment was given the sobriquet " Men of Steel" by the then Chief of Army staff *Al-Khalid Main Battle Tank (MBT) is a joint Sino-Pakistani production with a 125 mm smoothbore gun.
*T-80UD is of Ukrainian origin with a 125 mm smoothbore gun.
*T-85III is an upgraded version of Chinese T-85AP with a 125 mm smoothbore gun.
*Al-Zarrar is an upgraded Pakistani version of the Chinese T-59II with a 125 mm smoothbore gun.
*T-69II is a Chinese MBT with a 105 mm gun.


Pakistan Armoured Corps Notes


  1. ^ Riza, Maj Gen Shaukat. (1989). The Pakistan Army 1947-49. Rawalpindi: Services Book Club
  2. ^ Ahmed, Lt Gen Mahmud. (2006). History of Indo-Pak War – 1965. Rawalpindi: Services Book Club.
  3. ^ The Sabre & Lance: Journal of the Pakistan Armoured Corps. (1997). Nowshera: The School of Armour & Mechanised Warfare.

Pakistan Armoured Corps External links




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Dieser Artikel basiert auf dem Artikel http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pakistan_Armoured_Corps aus der freien Enzyklopaedie http://en.wikipedia.org bzw. http://www.wikipedia.org und steht unter der Doppellizenz GNU-Lizenz fuer freie Dokumentation und Creative Commons CC-BY-SA 3.0 Unported. In der Wikipedia ist eine Liste der Autoren unter http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pakistan_Armoured_Corps&action=history verfuegbar. Alle Angaben ohne Gewähr.

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