SAMUEL WARREN (ROYAL NAVY OFFICER)

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Samuel Warren (Royal Navy officer)


Sir Samuel Warren
Born (1769-01-09)9 January 1769
Sandwich, Kent
Died 15 October 1839(1839-10-15) (aged 70)
Southampton, Hampshire
Allegiance United Kingdom of
Great Britain and Ireland
Service/branch Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
Years of service 1782–1839
Rank Rear-Admiral
Commands held
Battles/wars

American War of Independence

French Revolutionary Wars

Napoleonic Wars

Awards Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
Knight Commander of the Royal Guelphic Order
Knight Bachelor

Sir Samuel Warren KCB, KCH (9 January 1769 – 15 October 1839) was an officer of the Royal Navy who served during the American War of Independence, and the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars.

Warren entered the navy towards the end of the American War of Independence, and after seeing service at several actions in European waters, served on a number of ships prior to the outbreak of the French Revolutionary Wars. A lieutenant by then, he was at the Glorious First of June and the Battle of Groix, before being promoted to his own commands. He was successful against French privateers and merchants in the Caribbean, before being promoted to captain in 1802. He saw action in command of a ship of the line at the Battle of Cape Finisterre in 1805, before supporting operations off the Río de la Plata in 1806 and 1807.

Warren took command of HMS Bellerophon in 1808 and served in the Baltic Sea, carrying out operations against Russian shipping. He then commanded a frigate, in which he was charged with transporting Lucien Bonaparte and his family to England. He then sailed to the East Indies and played an important role in the Invasion of Java in 1811. He was made a Companion of the Bath at the end of the Napoleonic Wars in 1815, and commanded several more ships, including the royal yacht. He also held a number of shore appointments, being knighted and made a Knight Commander of the Royal Guelphic Order in 1835. Promoted to rear-admiral in 1837, he was made a Knight Commander of the Bath shortly before his death in 1839.


Samuel Warren (Royal Navy officer) Family and early life


Samuel Warren was born in [1]

He was promoted to lieutenant on 3 November 1790 and appointed to the 44-gun HMS Argo, followed by the 74-gun HMS Ramillies.[4] He was serving aboard the Ramillies, commanded by Captain Henry Harvey, soon after the outbreak of the French Revolutionary Wars.[2][3] Ramillies formed part of Lord Howe's fleet during the Atlantic campaign of May 1794, and Warren was involved in Howe's victory at the Glorious First of June that year.[3] From the Ramillies Warren moved to the 100-gun HMS Royal George and was again in action against the French, when Royal George became the flagship of Admiral Lord Bridport, and took part in the Battle of Groix on 23 June 1795.[2]


Samuel Warren (Royal Navy officer) Command


Warren was promoted to commander on 1 March 1797 and appointed to the 18-gun [4]


Samuel Warren (Royal Navy officer) Napoleonic Wars


Admiral Sir Robert Calder's action off Cape Finisterre, 23 July 1805, by William Anderson

Left without a ship during the peace, the outbreak of the Napoleonic Wars provided further opportunities for Warren. He was asked by Rear-Admiral William Domett to be his flag captain, and commissioned the 98-gun HMS Glory.[7] Domett was unable to raise his flag due to ill-health, and instead Glory became the flagship of Rear-Admiral Sir Charles Stirling. Stirling retained Warren as his flag-captain, and Glory sailed in July 1805 to join the fleet amassing off Cape Finisterre under Vice-Admiral Robert Calder, with orders to intercept a Franco-Spanish fleet under Vice-Admiral Pierre-Charles Villeneuve. Calder successfully made the interception and Warren commanded Glory at the Battle of Cape Finisterre on 22 July 1805.[2][4]

Warren left Glory in July the following year, still serving with Stirling and going out with him as a passenger aboard HMS Sampson to participate in operations off the Río de la Plata.[2][3] On their arrival off Montevideo Stirling appointed Warren to command his flagship, the 64-gun HMS Diadem, and the navy operated in support of the assault on the city.[4]


Samuel Warren (Royal Navy officer) Baltic service

On 8 June 1808 he superseded Captain Edward Rotheram in command of the 74-gun HMS Bellerophon. Warren was ordered to join the fleet in the North Sea, blockading the Dutch ports as part of Rear-Admiral Alan Gardner's squadron.[8] By 1809 the strategic situation in the Baltic had deteriorated after Russia signed the Treaties of Tilsit and began to support France. Bellerophon was ordered to join the fleet stationed in the Baltic under Admiral Sir James Saumarez.[8] Saumarez dispatched Bellerophon and HMS Minotaur north to the Gulf of Finland in June, and on 19 June the two ships came across three suspicious looking luggers, anchored off Hango.[9] The water was too shallow to allow them to approach the luggers, so Warren dispatched a boat party. The British boarded the luggers, but found themselves in a trap, when numerous Russian shore batteries and several gunboats opened fire on them.[10] The British commander promptly ordered the luggers to be burnt, reboarded his men and landed them next to the nearest Russian shore battery. The battery, defended by 100 sailors, was stormed and carried, the British spiked the guns and destroyed the magazine, before returning to the ships with only five men wounded.[8][9][10]

Oil painting of a three-masted sailing ship seen from side against a background of cliffs, with many small boats filled with people in the foreground.
HMS Bellerophon, detail from Scene in Plymouth Sound in August 1815, an 1816 painting by John James Chalon. Warren commanded her in the Baltic between 1808 and 1809.

By July Bellerophon was part of a squadron commanded by Captain Thomas Byam Martin of HMS Implacable.[9] They were off Percola Point on 7 July when a flotilla of eight Russian gunboats was sighted. A boat party led by Lieutenant Hawkey of Implacable made an attempt to cut-out the vessels that evening.[8] Hawkey was killed in the attempt, but Bellerophon's Lieutenant Charles Allen took over command, and six of the gunboats were captured, and a seventh destroyed, with 12 craft containing stores for the Russian Army also being taken.[11] Bellerophon made several cruises during the rest of the year, visiting the Åland Islands and Karlskrona, before returning to Britain with a convoy in November 1809.[12]


Samuel Warren (Royal Navy officer) East Indies

Batavia, capital of the Dutch East Indies. Warren was part of the British force which captured the city, and the island of Java, in 1811.

After paying off Bellerophon Warren was appointed to command the 44-gun [15]


Samuel Warren (Royal Navy officer) Later life


With the final end of the Napoleonic Wars in 1815, Warren was nominated one of the first [2]


Samuel Warren (Royal Navy officer) Citations


  1. ^ a b The Gentleman's Magazine. p. 92. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Laughton. "Warren, Samuel (1769-1839)". The Dictionary of National Biography. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f United Service Magazine. p. 526. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l The Gentleman's Magazine. p. 93. 
  5. ^ a b Winfield. British Warships of the Age of Sail 1793–1814. p. 247. 
  6. ^ Winfield. British Warships of the Age of Sail 1793–1814. p. 363. 
  7. ^ Winfield. British Warships of the Age of Sail 1793–1814. p. 23. 
  8. ^ a b c d Goodwin. The Ships of Trafalgar. p. 70. 
  9. ^ a b c Woodman. The Victory of Seapower. p. 126. 
  10. ^ a b Cordingly. Billy Ruffian. p. 221. 
  11. ^ Cordingly. Billy Ruffian. p. 222. 
  12. ^ Cordingly. Billy Ruffian. p. 223. 
  13. ^ a b Winfield. British Warships of the Age of Sail 1793–1814. p. 165. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f United Service Magazine. p. 527. 
  15. ^ Winfield. British Warships of the Age of Sail 1793–1814. p. 75. 

Samuel Warren (Royal Navy officer) References





Sam Warren Sam Warren MD Sam Warren MD Seattle Warren Samuels Ministry Samuel Warren Facebook Dr. Samuel Warren Wedding Agent Samuel Warren Dr. Samson Samuel Warren MI

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