SUWALKI

Radio 5 Suwalki Wiadomosci Gazeta Wspolczesna Suwalki Radio 5 Suwalki Suwalki Lithuania Suwalki Poland Genealoy Suwalki Russian Poland 1900 Suwalki.info Russland Poland




Cloud:

| Radio 5 Suwalki Wiadomosci | Gazeta Wspolczesna Suwalki | Radio 5 Suwalki | Suwalki Lithuania | Suwalki Poland Genealoy | Suwalki Russian Poland 1900 | Suwalki.info | Russland Poland |

| Suwalki | Suwalki_Governorate | Suwalki_Agreement | Suwalki_Province | Suwalki_Landscape_Park | Gmina_Suwalki | Suwalki_triangle | Suwalki_Voivodeship | Wigry_Suwalki | Notable_persons_from_Suwalki | Kasriel_Hirsch_Sarasohn | Jacob_ben_Moses_Bachrach | Tartak,_Suwalki_County | Trzcianka,_Suwalki_County | Aleksandrowka,_Suwalki_County | Bitkowo,_Suwalki_County | Bolesty,_Suwalki_County | Huta,_Gmina_Suwalki | Jalowo,_Suwalki_County | Jozefowo,_Suwalki_County | Leszczewo,_Gmina_Suwalki | Ludwinowo,_Suwalki_County | Romanowka,_Suwalki_County | Rudniki,_Suwalki_County | Rutka,_Suwalki_County | Sumowo,_Suwalki_County | Slobodka,_Suwalki_County | Sobolewo,_Suwalki_County | Szafranki,_Suwalki_County | Wolka,_Suwalki_County | Wesolowo,_Suwalki_County | Lipniak,_Gmina_Suwalki | Kamionka,_Suwalki_County | Osinki,_Suwalki_County | Podgorze,_Suwalki_County | Majdan,_Suwalki_County | Jegliniec,_Suwalki_County | Aleksandrowo,_Suwalki_County | Gora,_Suwalki_County | Cisowek,_Suwalki_County | Debowo,_Suwalki_County | Czerwonka,_Suwalki_County | Jeziorki,_Suwalki_County | Konopki,_Suwalki_County | Korytki,_Suwalki_County | Krejwiany,_Suwalki_County | Morgi,_Suwalki_County | Lopuchowo,_Suwalki_County | Planta,_Suwalki_County | Suwalki_railway_station |

  1. Suwalki Now - An e-mail discussion list and online message archive for English-speaking residents of and visitors to Suwalki, Poland.
  2. Touristeninformation - Die interaktive Informationsplattform bietet thematisch und regional geordnete Adressen und Links.
  3. Informator suwalski - Miasto, gospodarka, historia, kultura i turystyka.
  4. Suwalskie Towarzystwo Fotograficzne - Kalendarium, statut, członkowie.
  5. Przedsiębiorstwo Energetyki Cieplnej w Suwałkach - Informacje o firmie, taryfach i przetargach.
  6. WWW.Augustyn, Suwałki - Oferta projektanta witryn WWW.
  7. Suwalskie Towarzystwo Fotograficzne - Kalendarium, statut, członkowie.
  8. Suwałki i okolice - Informacje lokalne, biografie ludzi związanych z Suwalszczyzną, historia i zabytki, zdjęcia z lat 1950-75 oraz czytelnia z książkami online związanymi z Suwalczyzną.
  9. Międzyszkolny Uczniowski Klub Sportowy w Suwałkach - Klub pływania, zawodnicy, wyniki, działalność i historia klubu.
  10. Forum Suwałki - Dyskusje o aktualnych wydarzeniach miasta i regionu oraz pogaduszki na każdy temat.
  11. Suwałki24 - Suwalski Serwis Informacyjny - Informator lokalny zawierający aktualności, wydarzenia gospodarcze i kulturalne, kalendarz imprez, ogłoszenia oraz ofertę reklamową.
  12. Romański Maciej, Moja Suwalszczyzna - Galeria fotografii z Suwalszczyzny, informacje ogólne o regionie.
  13. Centrum Edukacji Nauczycieli w Suwałkach - Oferta edukacyjna oraz informacja o formach szkolenia, publikacje.
  14. Państwowa Wyższa Szkoła Zawodowa w Suwałkach - Wiadomości o uczelni, rekrutacja, przetargi, samorząd studencki.
  15. Biuletyn Informacji Publicznej, Urząd Gminy Suwałki - Władze, struktura Urzędu, prawo lokalne, zamówienia publiczne, jednostki organizacyjne i pomocnicze.
  16. Biuletyn Informacji Publicznej, Urząd Miasta Suwałki - Władze, struktura Urzędu, prawo lokalne, zamówienia publiczne, jednostki organizacyjne.
  17. Prokuratura Okręgowa w Suwałkach - Informacje bieżące, Status prawny, Organizacja jednostki.
  18. Sąd Okręgowy w Suwałkach - Wydarzenia, formularze, galeria, podległe sądy rejonowe.
  19. Suwałki, Urząd Miasta - Informacje lokalne i samorządowe, wizytówka miasta, kultura, oświata i gospodarka.


  20. [ Link Deletion Request ]

    radio 5 suwalki suwalki poland genealogy suwalki poland suwalki poland history suwalki info wigry suwalki pks suwalki pwsz suwalki



    Suwałki


    Suwałki
    Park of the 3rd May Constitution, Suwałki
    Park of the 3rd May Constitution, Suwałki
    Coat of arms of Suwałki
    Coat of arms
    Suwałki is located in Poland
    Suwałki
    Coordinates: 54°5′N 22°56′E / 54.083°N 22.933°E / 54.083; 22.933
    Country  Poland
    Voivodeship Podlaskie
    County city county
    Established 1690
    Town rights 1720
    Government
     • Mayor Czesław Renkiewicz
    Area
     • Total 65.24 km2 (25.19 sq mi)
    Elevation 170 m (560 ft)
    Population (2010)
     • Total 69,527
     • Density 1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)
    Time zone CET (UTC+1)
     • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
    Postal code 16-400 to 16-403
    Area code(s) +48 87
    Car plates BS
    Website http://www.um.suwalki.pl/

    Suwałki [suˈvau̯kʲi] ( ) (Lithuanian: Suvalkai) is a town in northeastern Poland with 69,210 inhabitants (2011). The Czarna Hańcza river flows through the town. It is the capital of Suwałki County and one of the most important centres of commerce in the Podlaskie Voivodeship[citation needed]. Until 1999 the town was the capital of Suwałki Voivodeship. Suwałki is located about 30 kilometres (19 miles) from the southwestern Lithuanian border. The town gives its name to the Polish protected area known as Suwałki Landscape Park.


    Suwalki History


    St Alexander Church

    The area of Suwałki had been populated by local Yotvingian and Prussian tribes since the early Middle Ages. However, with the arrival of the Teutonic Order to Yotvingia, their lands were conquered and remained largely depopulated in the following centuries.


    Suwalki 17th Century

    The village was founded by Camaldolese monks, who in 1667 were granted the area surrounding the future town by the Grand Duke of Lithuania and the King of Poland John II Casimir. Soon afterward the monastic order built its headquarters in Wigry, where a monastery and a church were built. The new owners of the area started fast economic exploitation and development of the forests and brought enough settlers (mainly from overpopulated Masovia) to build several new villages in the area. Also, production of wood, lumber, tar and iron ore was started. The village was first mentioned in 1688; two years later it was reported to have two houses.


    Suwalki 18th Century

    However, the growth of the village was fast and by 1700 it was split into Małe Suwałki and Wielkie Suwałki (Lesser and Greater Suwałki). The village was located almost exactly in the center of Camaldolese estates and lay on the main trade route linking Grodno and Merkinė with Königsberg.

    In 1710 King Saint Romuald.

    After the Partitions of Poland in 1794 the area was annexed by Prussia. In 1796 the monastery in Wigry was dissolved and its property confiscated by the Prussian government. The following year a seat of local powiat authorities was moved to the town, as well as a military garrison. By the end of the 18th century, Suwałki had 1,184 inhabitants and 216 houses. A large part of the population was Jewish.


    Suwalki 19th Century

    In 1807 Suwałki became part of the newly formed Duchy of Warsaw and one of the centres of the department of Łomża. After the defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte and the Congress of Vienna, the area was incorporated into the Kingdom of Poland. The status of a powiat capital was briefly withdrawn, but it was reintroduced on January 16, 1816, when the Augustów Voivodeship was created and its government was gradually moved to Suwałki. Soon afterwards the older town hall was demolished and replaced with a new one, and General Józef Zajączek financed the paving of most of the town's streets. The cemetery was moved to the outskirts from the town centre, and that area became a town park. Also, the Russian authorities built the Warsaw – Saint Petersburg Railway, which added to the town's prosperity.

    In 1820 a new church was built and the following year the first synagogue was opened. In 1829 a permanent post office was opened in Suwałki. Between 1806 and 1827 the town's population almost tripled and reached 3,753 people living in 357 houses. During the November Uprising of 1831 the town's population took part in the struggles against Russia, but the town was pacified by the Russian army on February 11, 1830. In 1835 the government of Tsar Nicholas I decided not to move the capital of the voivodeship to Augustów. Two years later the Voivodeships of Poland were re-designated as gubernias and the town became the capital of the Augustów Gubernia.

    In 1826 an investment plan was passed and new buildings were started by the Russian authorities. In 1835 a Enrico Marconi. To change the town's architecture and break with its rural past, the town council passed a decree banning the construction of new wooden houses in 1847.

    The town's population continued to grow rapidly. In 1857 it had 11,273 inhabitants and in 1872 almost 20,000. Newly built factories needed workers and these were brought from all over the world. Because of that, the mixed Lithuania-Polish-Jewish population was soon joined by people of almost all denominations that worshiped in the Russian Empire. Soon Suwałki became the fourth most populous town in the Kingdom of Poland. After the January Uprising of 1863, the new administrational reform was passed to unify the Polish lands with Russia completely. In 1866 the gubernia of Augustów was finally renamed to Suwałki Gubernia. However, the newly built Warsaw-Petersburg railway passed by Suwałki and the town's prosperity diminished. It was not until the early 20th century that the arrival of a new Russian army garrison brought the economy back to life. Also a railway line linking Suwałki with Grodno was finally completed.


    Suwalki 20th Century

    4, Chłodna street

    After the spring of 1905, when the Russians were forced to accept a limited liberalization, the period of Polish cultural revival started. Although the Polska Organizacja Wojskowa were created.

    After the collapse of the Battle of Warsaw it was again passed to the Lithuanians, but it was retaken by the Polish Army with negligible losses soon afterwards.

    In the Border Defence Corps.

    Memorial at site of Suwałki Jewish cemetery, desecrated by the Nazis. Background wall (amid trees) consists of gravestones and fragments.

    During the later stages of the Polish Defensive War of 1939 the town was briefly captured by the Red Army. However, on October 12 of the same year the Soviets withdrew and transferred the area to the Germans, in accordance with the Nazi-Soviet Alliance. The town was renamed to Sudauen and incorporated directly into the German Reich's East Prussia. Severe laws and terror that erupted led to the creation of several resistance organisations. Although most of them were at first destroyed by the Gestapo, by 1942 the area had one of the strongest ZWZ and AK networks. Despite the resistance, almost all of the town's once 7,000-strong Jewish community was murdered in Nazi concentration camps. Also, in Suwałki's suburb of Krzywólka a POW camp for almost 120,000 Soviet prisoners of war was established. On October 23, 1944, the town was captured by the forces of the Soviet 3rd Belarusian Front. The fights for the town and its environs lasted for several days and took the lives of almost 5,000 Soviet soldiers. The anti-Soviet resistance of former Armia Krajowa members lasted in the forests surrounding the town until the early 1950s.

    After the war, Suwałki remained a capital of the powiat. However, the heavily damaged town recovered very slowly and the Communist economic system could not solve the town's problems. This period came to an end in 1975, when a new administrative reform was passed and Suwałki yet again became the capital of a separate Suwałki Voivodeship. The number of inhabitants rose rapidly and by the end of the 1970s the population was over 36,000. Large factories were built in the town and it became one of the important industrial and commercial centres of Eastern Poland.

    Following the end of Communist rule in 1989, Suwałki experienced a period of economic difficulties. Most of the town's major factories were inefficient and went bankrupt. However, the creation of the Suwałki Special Economic Zone and the proximity of the Russian and Lithuanian borders opened new possibilities for local trade and commerce, while the region began to attract many tourists from all around the world. Residents of Suwalki frequently travel across the Russian and Lithuanian borders for shopping trips as well as to make use of the various attractions both countries offer.


    Suwalki Climate


    Suwałki has a humid continental climate. It is characterized by cold winters and fairly warm summers. During the winter nights temperature often[citation needed] falls below −25 °C (−13 °F), but in summer the temperature increases above 30 °C (86 °F). Snow in Suwałki remains for the longest period among Polish municipalities, i.e. for more than 100 days[citation needed]. Suwałki is called the "Polish pole of cold" because it has the lowest average temperature in the whole of Poland, excepting mountain resorts. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Dfb". (Warm Summer Continental Climate).[1]

    Climate data for Suwałki
    Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
    Record high °C (°F) 9.6
    (49.3)
    10.9
    (51.6)
    16.8
    (62.2)
    24.9
    (76.8)
    29.2
    (84.6)
    32.2
    (90)
    34.6
    (94.3)
    35.2
    (95.4)
    30.8
    (87.4)
    23.9
    (75)
    13.9
    (57)
    11.3
    (52.3)
    35.2
    (95.4)
    Average high °C (°F) −2.8
    (27)
    −2.5
    (27.5)
    2.1
    (35.8)
    10.2
    (50.4)
    18.5
    (65.3)
    20.6
    (69.1)
    22.4
    (72.3)
    21.4
    (70.5)
    16.4
    (61.5)
    11.8
    (53.2)
    4.0
    (39.2)
    −0.5
    (31.1)
    10.1
    (50.2)
    Daily mean °C (°F) −4.7
    (23.5)
    −4.3
    (24.3)
    −0.5
    (31.1)
    6.0
    (42.8)
    12.9
    (55.2)
    15.2
    (59.4)
    17.2
    (63)
    16.1
    (61)
    11.8
    (53.2)
    6.9
    (44.4)
    1.3
    (34.3)
    −2.3
    (27.9)
    6.3
    (43.3)
    Average low °C (°F) −6.6
    (20.1)
    −6.1
    (21)
    −3.1
    (26.4)
    1.8
    (35.2)
    7.3
    (45.1)
    9.8
    (49.6)
    12.0
    (53.6)
    10.8
    (51.4)
    7.2
    (45)
    2.0
    (35.6)
    −1.4
    (29.5)
    −4.1
    (24.6)
    2.5
    (36.5)
    Record low °C (°F) −30.6
    (−23.1)
    −30.3
    (−22.5)
    −28.8
    (−19.8)
    −12.3
    (9.9)
    −5.0
    (23)
    −1.5
    (29.3)
    1.7
    (35.1)
    0.4
    (32.7)
    −4.6
    (23.7)
    −14.2
    (6.4)
    −22.1
    (−7.8)
    −26.8
    (−16.2)
    −30.6
    (−23.1)
    Precipitation mm (inches) 36
    (1.42)
    25
    (0.98)
    31
    (1.22)
    38
    (1.5)
    53
    (2.09)
    78
    (3.07)
    77
    (3.03)
    77
    (3.03)
    53
    (2.09)
    47
    (1.85)
    47
    (1.85)
    41
    (1.61)
    603
    (23.74)
    Avg. precipitation days 15 13 15 12 12 14 15 14 13 16 15 15 169
     % humidity 85 85 85 82 77 77 79 80 80 82 85 86 82
    Mean monthly sunshine hours 35 53 92 153 219 225 222 212 150 89 46 32 1,528
    Source #1: http://www.imigw.pl
    Source #2: http://www.stat.gov.pl/cps/rde/xchg/gus

    Suwalki Tourist attractions


    Suwałki Plaza
    • Kościuszko street with classicist architecture
    • Romantic 19th-century park
    • St. Alexander's Church
    • St. Peter's and Paul's Church
    • Cemetery complex on Bakałarzewska street (Roman Catholic, Orthodox, Protestant, Jewish and Muslim)
    • Municipal museum
    • Town Hall
    • Former gymnasium building
    • Museum and monument to Maria Konopnicka
    • 19th century brewery of Wacław Kunc
    • Suwałki Plaza, a shopping mall and cinema complex that opened in 2010. The mall contains stores with various products such as groceries, books, clothing, shoes and accessories.

    Suwalki Education


    • Wyższa Szkoła Służby Społecznej im. Ks. Franciszka Blachnickiego
    • Wyższa Szkoła Suwalsko-Mazurska im. Papieża Jana Pawła II
    • Państwowa Wyższa Szkoła Zawodowa w Suwałkach[2]

    Suwalki Notable Residents


    Edward Szczepanik, Prime Minister of The Government
    of the Polish Republic in Exile

    Over the centuries Suwałki has produced a number of persons who have provided unique contributions to the fields of science, language, politics, religion, sports, visual arts and performing arts. A list of recent notable persons includes, but is not limited to:


    Suwalki International relations



    Suwalki Twin towns – Sister cities

    Suwałki is twinned with:


    Suwalki See also



    Suwalki References


    1. ^ Climate Summary for closest city on record
    2. ^ pwsz.suwalki.pl
    3. ^ "Tarptautinis Bendradarbiavimas" [Druskininkai international cooperation]. Druskininkų savivaldybės administracija (in Lithuanian). 2012-03-22. Retrieved 2013-08-03. 

    Suwalki External links


    Coordinates: 54°06′N 22°56′E / 54.100°N 22.933°E / 54.100; 22.933



    Radio 5 Suwalki Wiadomosci Gazeta Wspolczesna Suwalki Radio 5 Suwalki Suwalki Lithuania Suwalki Poland Genealoy Suwalki Russian Poland 1900 Suwalki.info Russland Poland

    | Radio 5 Suwalki Wiadomosci | Gazeta Wspolczesna Suwalki | Radio 5 Suwalki | Suwalki Lithuania | Suwalki Poland Genealoy | Suwalki Russian Poland 1900 | Suwalki.info | Russland Poland | Suwalki | Suwalki_Governorate | Suwalki_Agreement | Suwalki_Province | Suwalki_Landscape_Park | Gmina_Suwalki | Suwalki_triangle | Suwalki_Voivodeship | Wigry_Suwalki | Notable_persons_from_Suwalki | Kasriel_Hirsch_Sarasohn | Jacob_ben_Moses_Bachrach | Tartak,_Suwalki_County | Trzcianka,_Suwalki_County | Aleksandrowka,_Suwalki_County | Bitkowo,_Suwalki_County | Bolesty,_Suwalki_County | Huta,_Gmina_Suwalki | Jalowo,_Suwalki_County | Jozefowo,_Suwalki_County | Leszczewo,_Gmina_Suwalki | Ludwinowo,_Suwalki_County | Romanowka,_Suwalki_County | Rudniki,_Suwalki_County | Rutka,_Suwalki_County | Sumowo,_Suwalki_County | Slobodka,_Suwalki_County | Sobolewo,_Suwalki_County | Szafranki,_Suwalki_County | Wolka,_Suwalki_County | Wesolowo,_Suwalki_County | Lipniak,_Gmina_Suwalki | Kamionka,_Suwalki_County | Osinki,_Suwalki_County | Podgorze,_Suwalki_County | Majdan,_Suwalki_County | Jegliniec,_Suwalki_County | Aleksandrowo,_Suwalki_County | Gora,_Suwalki_County | Cisowek,_Suwalki_County | Debowo,_Suwalki_County | Czerwonka,_Suwalki_County | Jeziorki,_Suwalki_County | Konopki,_Suwalki_County | Korytki,_Suwalki_County | Krejwiany,_Suwalki_County | Morgi,_Suwalki_County | Lopuchowo,_Suwalki_County | Planta,_Suwalki_County | Suwalki_railway_station

    Copyright:
    Dieser Artikel basiert auf dem Artikel http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suwalki aus der freien Enzyklopaedie http://en.wikipedia.org bzw. http://www.wikipedia.org und steht unter der Doppellizenz GNU-Lizenz fuer freie Dokumentation und Creative Commons CC-BY-SA 3.0 Unported. In der Wikipedia ist eine Liste der Autoren unter http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Suwalki&action=history verfuegbar. Alle Angaben ohne Gewähr.

    Dieser Artikel enthält u.U. Inhalte aus dmoz.org : Help build the largest human-edited directory on the web. Suggest a Site - Open Directory Project - Become an Editor






    Search: deutsch english español français русский

    | deutsch | english | español | français | русский |




    [ Privacy Policy ] [ Link Deletion Request ] [ Imprint ]