TRANS-AMAZONIAN HIGHWAY

Trans|Amazonian Highway Map The Interoceanic Highway Interoceanic Highway Completed BR Trans Amazonas BR Trans Amazonas BR Rodovia Transamazonica Trans|Amazon Road The Road Amazon




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| Trans-Amazonian Highway Map | The Interoceanic Highway | Interoceanic Highway Completed | BR Trans Amazonas BR | Trans Amazonas BR | Rodovia Transamazonica | Trans-Amazon Road | The Road Amazon |

| Trans-Amazonian_highway | Amazon_River | Timeline_of_Amazon_history | List_of_roads_and_highways | Tocantins | Deforestation_of_the_Amazon_Rainforest | Trans_Global_Highway | Amazonian_forest | 2011_Bolivian_protests | Brazilian_Highway_System | Paulinho_Paiakan | Camel_Trophy | Roadgeek | North_Region,_Brazil | Brazilian_military_government | Amazon_rubber_boom | Deforestation_in_Brazil | Amazonians | Red-handed_howler | Swietenia_macrophylla | Naval_Medical_Research_Unit_Six | List_of_fictional_aviation_accidents_and_incidents | Rail_transport_in_Bolivia | George_Meegan | Miscegenation |



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Trans-Amazonian highway


Map.

The Trans-Amazonian Highway (official designation BR-230, official name Rodovia Transamazônica), was inaugurated on September 27, 1972. It is 4,000 km long, making it the third longest highway in Brazil. It runs through the Brazilian states of Paraíba, Ceará, Piaui, Maranhão, Tocantins, Pará and Amazonas, from the proximities of Saboeiro up until the town of Lábrea.


Trans-Amazonian highway History


The highway was intended to to integrate these regions with the rest of the country, and with Colombia, Peru and Ecuador. Another main goal of the project was to alleviate the effects of the drought affecting the Northeast region of the country by providing a route to largely empty land in the middle of the rainforest, which could be settled.[1] It was originally planned to be a fully paved highway 5200 kilometers long. However, these plans were modified following its inauguration.[2]

In particular, because of high construction costs and [3] In the wet season cars often get stuck in the poorly constructed road and in the dry season there are often pot holes in the dry mud roads that damage vehicles.

Trans-Amazonian highway within the city of Pombal.

Construction of the highway was very challenging because of the remoteness of the site. Workers building the road were frequently isolated and without communication. Occasional visits to nearby cities provided the only outside contact. However, severe techniques and procedures that evolved during the construction of Pará state. The Brazilian Government are now planning to pave with tarmac the whole highway. As of December 2009, paving was underway between the town of Ruropolis and Itaituba and north to Santarém. This will connect soy plantations with overland trucking routes to the south of Brazil. The road has been left untouched however at points further west of Itaituba, at times narrowing to roughly 2 meters wide.

Access to the construction sites was mostly accomplished by small airplanes using temporary airstrips and boats. Today construction vehicles can be seen traversing the road east and west bringing dirt and gravel to prepare for paving operations.[4]

It has indirectly caused a great deal of deforestation in Brazil[5] - where there are roads it is easier to transport timber. Satellite images demonstrate how roads increase deforestation. Access roads branch perpendicularly off BR-230 allowing deeper penetration into the surrounding jungle areas. Originally these roads were to open up land for agriculture by settlers, the government motto "land without men for men without land"[6] was coined to describe the development of the Amazon. However, loggers have used these roadways to further deforest the surrounding jungle.

The Trans-Amazonian Highway has offered an overland route into remote areas of the Amazon. Some adventurers have used this route to traverse the width of the Amazon jungle. Over the history of the Trans-Amazonian Highway one woman and three men have cycled BR-230 including Louise Sutherland of New Zealand. She was the first person to take on this challenge and chronicled her journey in the now out of print book The Impossible Ride.[7] In 2009, American Douglas Gunzelmann successfully traversed the continent utilizing about 1,800 km of the Trans-Amazonian Highway.[8]


Trans-Amazonian highway Road paving completion


The red parts of this map of BR 230 shows how much is paved.[9]


Trans-Amazonian highway References


  1. ^ Nigel J.H. Smith. "Brazil's Transamazon Highway Settlement Scheme". Clas.ufl.edu. Retrieved 2014-02-05. 
  2. ^ Canada. "From Nothing to Nowhere - The Transamazonian Highway - New Internationalist". Newint.org. Retrieved 2014-02-05. 
  3. ^ "Amazon Brazil Tours". Brazil-travel-guide.com. Retrieved 2014-02-05. 
  4. ^ "Pacas That Go Bump in the Night". Amazonpilgrim.com. 2009-10-10. Retrieved 2014-02-05. 
  5. ^ Skole, D.L., W.H. Chomentowski, W.A. Salas, and A.D. Nobre (1994) "Physical and Human Dimensions of Deforestation in Amazonia." BioScience 44(5): 314-322
  6. ^ [1][dead link]
  7. ^ "The Impossible Ride - Louise Sutherland (Signed)". Trade Me. 2010-01-15. Retrieved 2014-02-05. 
  8. ^ "Track My Progress". amazonpilgrim.com. Retrieved 2014-02-05. 
  9. ^ "Nova pagina 1". .transportes.gov.br. Retrieved 2014-02-05. 



Trans|Amazonian Highway Map The Interoceanic Highway Interoceanic Highway Completed BR Trans Amazonas BR Trans Amazonas BR Rodovia Transamazonica Trans|Amazon Road The Road Amazon

| Trans-Amazonian Highway Map | The Interoceanic Highway | Interoceanic Highway Completed | BR Trans Amazonas BR | Trans Amazonas BR | Rodovia Transamazonica | Trans-Amazon Road | The Road Amazon | Trans-Amazonian_highway | Amazon_River | Timeline_of_Amazon_history | List_of_roads_and_highways | Tocantins | Deforestation_of_the_Amazon_Rainforest | Trans_Global_Highway | Amazonian_forest | 2011_Bolivian_protests | Brazilian_Highway_System | Paulinho_Paiakan | Camel_Trophy | Roadgeek | North_Region,_Brazil | Brazilian_military_government | Amazon_rubber_boom | Deforestation_in_Brazil | Amazonians | Red-handed_howler | Swietenia_macrophylla | Naval_Medical_Research_Unit_Six | List_of_fictional_aviation_accidents_and_incidents | Rail_transport_in_Bolivia | George_Meegan | Miscegenation

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Dieser Artikel basiert auf dem Artikel http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trans-Amazonian_highway aus der freien Enzyklopaedie http://en.wikipedia.org bzw. http://www.wikipedia.org und steht unter der Doppellizenz GNU-Lizenz fuer freie Dokumentation und Creative Commons CC-BY-SA 3.0 Unported. In der Wikipedia ist eine Liste der Autoren unter http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Trans-Amazonian_highway&action=history verfuegbar. Alle Angaben ohne Gewähr.

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