Armed Forces of Ukraine Air Force Continuation Ukraine Military Strength Ukraine Aviation Aire Serv of West Michigan
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|Ukrainian Air Force
Повітряні Сили України
Povitriani Syly Ukrayiny
Emblem of Ukrainian Air Force
247 aircraft 
|Commander||Sergii Ivanovich Onishchenko|
|Air Force flag|
|Transport||Il-76, An-24, An-26, An-30, Mi-8,|
The Ukrainian Air Force (Ukrainian: Повітряні Сили України, Povitryani Syly Ukrayiny) is a part of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. Ukrainian Air Force headquarters is located in the city of Vinnytsia. When the Soviet Union dissolved in 1991, a large number of aircraft were left on Ukrainian territory. Ever since, the Ukrainian air force has been downsizing and upgrading its forces. But in spite of these efforts, the main inventory of the air force consists of Soviet-made aircraft. Currently 43,100 personnel and 247 aircraft are in service in the Ukrainian air force and air defense forces. All ICBMs and strategic bombers have been taken out of service (some however were given to Russia).
The primary tasks of the Air Force of Ukraine are: winning operational air superiority, delivering air strikes against enemy units and facilities, covering troops against enemy air strikes, providing air support to the Land Force and the Navy, disrupting enemy military and state management, damaging and destroying enemy communication, and providing support by air in the form of reconnaissance, air drops, troops and cargo transportation.
The major mission of the Air Force is to protect the air space of Ukraine. During peace-time, this is carried out by flying air-space control missions over the entire territory of Ukraine (603,700 square km), and by preventing air space intrusion along the aerial borders (totaling almost 7,000 km, including 5,600 km of land and 1,400 km of sea). Every single day, more than 2,200 service personnel and civilian employees of the Air Force, employing 400 items of weapons and equipment, are summoned to perform defense duties. On average, the Ukrainian radar forces detect and track more than 1,000 targets daily. As a result, in 2006 two illegal crossings of the state border were prevented and 28 violations of Ukrainian air space were prevented. Due to such increased strengthening of air space control, the number of air space violations decreased by 35% compared to the previous year, even though the amount of air traffic increased by 30%.
The Ukrainian Air Force was established on March 17, 1992, in accordance with a Directive of the General Staff Chief of the Armed Forces. The headquarters of the Black Sea Fleet.
The new Air Force inherited the Poltava.
Ukraine also had Tupolev Tu-22s, Tupolev Tu-22Ms and Tupolev Tu-95s for a period after the collapse of the Soviet Union. The 106th Heavy Bomber Aviation Division, part of the 37th Air Army operated some of them. However, these have all been scrapped, apart from a handful displayed in museums. TU-16 and TU-22M bombers were among the aircraft destroyed under the Conventional Forces in Europe treaty. It is reported that Tu-16s based with the 251st Heavy Bomber Aviation Regiment at Belaya Tserkov were dismantled in 1993. By 1995, the IISS Military Balance 1995/96 listed no Tu-22 Blinders in service, though a listing for one division HQ and two regiments of Tu-22M Backfires remained in the Military Balance from 1995/96 to 2000/01.
From January 24, 1992, after the collapse of the USSR,  The Military Balance 95/96 said that six fighter regiments had been disbanded. (p.71)
On 18 March 1994 the 5th Air Army was redesignated the 5th Air Corps. By 1996 there were two air corps: the 14th in the Carpathian MD and the 5th in the Odessa MD, which by that time incorporated the former Kiev MD area. The long range bomber division at Poltava was still operational, reporting directly to Air Force headquarters.
In 2011 International Institute for Strategic Studies estimates that Ukraine's Air Force includes one Sukhoi Su-24M regiment, 5 regiments with Mikoyan MiG-29s and Sukhoi Su-27, one regiment with Sukhoi Su-25, two squadrons with Sukhoi Su-24MR, three transport regiments, some support helicopter squadrons, one helicopter training regiment, and some air training squadrons with L-39 Albatros. They are grouped into the 5th and 14th Aviation Corps, the 35th Aviation Group, which is a multi-role rapid reaction formation, and a training aviation command. The IISS assesses the overall force size as 817 aircraft of all types and 43,100 personnel. Russian sources disagree and list three aviation groups (West, South, and Center).[broken citation]
In 2006, a large number of aging weapons and equipment were decommissioned from combat service by the Air Force. This presented an opportunity to use the released funds to the modernization of various items of aviation and anti-aircraft artillery weapons and equipment, radio communication equipment, and flight maintenance equipment, as well as an improvement of Air Force personnel training.
The automated systems of collection, processing and transmission of radio information have been adopted as a component part of the Automated Command and Control System for aviation and air defense. Operational service testing of the circular surveillance radar station has also been completed. Prototypes of high-precision weapons systems, electronic warfare devices, and navigation equipment have been created and developed for state testing.
The An-24 and An-26 aircraft, as well as the anti-aircraft artillery systems S-300 and “Buk M1”, have been continually modernized, and their service life has been extended. An organizational basis and technological means for modernizing MiG-29, Su-24, Su-25, Su-27, L-39 has been produced. Given sufficient funding from the Verkhovna Rada, the Defense Industrial Complex of Ukraine, in cooperation with foreign companies and manufacturers, is capable of fully renewing the aircraft arsenal of the Ukrainian armed forces.
The structural reorganization of the Air Force had set as goals for itself the sufficiently reducing the total number of command and control levels, and increasing the efficiency of command and control processes. The reorganization of command and control elements of the air force is still underway. The first step of this organization was to transition from the existing air commands to the Command and Control and warning center systems. This will not only help eliminate duplications at the command and control levels, but will also contribute to an increased centralization of the command and control system, the multi-functionality of the command and control elements, and effectiveness of response to the change of air conditions. 2006 saw the definition of the functions and tasks, organization and work of the C2 and Warning Center as well as the mechanism of interaction with the establishment of the Air Operations Center and Joint Operational Command. During the command and staff exercise one of the Air Force Commands has in effect performed control of “C2 and Warning Center – formation (unit)” level.
In 2005, the UAF was planning to restructure in an effort to improve efficiency. Moreover, Ukraine is planning to put more advanced jet aircraft into service in upcoming years. Possibly buying newer SU-27s and MiG-29s from Russia. This means that from approximately 2012, Ukraine will have to either take bold steps to create a new combat aircraft or purchase a large number of existing combat aircraft. Due to the lack of funding however, technical modernization was continually postponed. The Ukrainian air-force continued to use armament and military equipment which functioned mainly thanks to so-called ‘cannibalization’ (obtaining spare parts from other units), thus gradually depleting their total capabilities. Faced with the threat of losing military capability, initiating the process of technical modernization became a necessity.
Training activities have taken on a qualitatively new character due to their complexity, including the simultaneous employment of all branches of the Air Force aviation, anti-aircraft artillery and radar troops in close teamwork with units of other armed services of the Armed Forces. Operational and combat training has included the following activities:
In early September 2007, the Ukrainian Air Force conducted the most large-scale training of its aircraft to date. As the Defense Minister of Ukraine, Anatoliy Hrytsenko stated, "The most large-scale, during the whole 16 years of the Ukrainian independence, training of fighting aircraft, which defends our air space, was carried out during September 4–5". According to him, they fulfilled 45 battle launches of “air-air” missiles, out of them 22 during the day and 23- at night. 35 pilots confirmed their high skills during the training. Hrytsenko stressed that 100% of air targets were hit. 
The combined training of the Air Force of Ukraine and the Russian Air Force in the practical control of their air defense Stand-by Forces has become more systematic. Moreover, interoperability has been achieved between the forces of Ukraine and the command and control elements of the Air defense of the Russian Federation during the detecting, tracking, and neutralizing of air targets during simulated terrorist attacks.
The Air Defense Force is a relatively new service within the Armed Forces, established in 2004-2005, through the merging of the Air Force and the Air Defense Force. It allowed the Armed Forces of Ukraine to adopt the tri-service structure, common to most modern armies.
The Air Defense of Ukraine performs key tasks in the protection of Ukraine’s sovereignty and the inviolability of its borders and air space. It has clearly defined functions in both peacetime and wartime, is intended to prevent any enemy air and missile strikes, to defend the most important administrative, political and industrial centers, to aid in the concentration of Army and Navy units, to intercept enemy aircraft and other military objects, and to protect against enemy air and cruise missile strikes.
|Aero L-39 Albatros||CSK||Training||L-39/L-39M1||39 ||3 L-39M1 Ukrainian upgrade(1 in 2011, 2 in June 2012). In 2012 will be repaired 12 aircraft (2 will receive in June), 4 will be modernized|
|Yakovlev Yak-52||USSR||Training||Yak-52M||20||Total 80. Active not more 20.|
|Sukhoi Su-27||USSR||Air Superiority Fighter||Su-27
|36||Total 42 Su-27. Only 16 are in full combat readiness, others are in reserve. Two were repaired, 2 more will be repaired till the end of 2012|
|Mikoyan MiG-29||USSR||Multirole Aircraft||MiG-29
|80||Around 100 in reserve. 5 MiG-29MU1 Ukrainian upgrade (1 in 2011). Additional two were renovated in 2012.|
|Sukhoi Su-24||USSR||Tactical Bomber||Su-24M||36||Total 120 Su-24, some Su-24M, only 36 in service, other are in conservation. One Su-24M will be repaired |
|Antonov An-30||USSR||Reconnaissance/aerial cartography||An-30B||2|
|Sukhoi Su-25||USSR||Close air support||Su-25
|36||Total 46 Su-25. Four Su-25M1 and 1 Su-25UBM1 Ukrainian upgrade(received in 2010-2011).|
|Ilyushin Il-76||USSR||Transport||Il-76MD||2||Total 20. Only 2 in service, another in storage.|
|Antonov An-26||USSR||Transport||An-26||21||Several upgraded as An-26 "Vita" flying hospitals|
|Tupolev TU-134||USSR||VIP Transport||2|
|Mil Mi-8/17||USSR||Transport helicopter||Mi-17
|28||Total ~100. Active not more 30.|
|Transport helicopter||Mi-8MT||Ordered.||Modernized by the Ukrainian Air Force, will enter the serial modernization/production in late 2011.|
|Mil Mi-24||USSR||Attack/Transport helicopter||Mi-24P
|Light Transport helicopter||Mi-2||Ordered.||Modernized by the Ukrainian Air Force, will enter the serial modernization/production in late 2011.|
|Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-25||Soviet Union||Interceptor||MiG-25||Former|
|Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21||Soviet Union||fighter||MiG-21||Former|
|Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23||Soviet Union||Fighter||MiG-23||Former|
|Mikoyan MiG-27||Soviet Union||Attack||MiG-27||Former|
|Sukhoi Su-17||Soviet Union||Fighter-bomber||Su-17||Former|
|Sukhoi Su-15||Soviet Union||Interceptor||Su-15||Former|
|Yakovlev Yak-28||Soviet Union||Medium bomber||Yak-28||Former|
|Tupolev Tu-160||Soviet Union||Strategic bomber||Tu-160||Former|
|Tupolev Tu-95||Soviet Union||Strategic bomber||Tu-95||Former|
|Tupolev Tu-22M3||Soviet Union||Strategic bomber||Tu-22M3||Former|
|Tupolev Tu-22||Soviet Union||Medium bomber||Tu-22||Former|
|Tupolev Tu-16||Soviet Union||Bomber||Tu-16||Former|
|Tupolev Tu-154||Soviet Union||VIP transport||Tu-154||Former|
An incomplete structure of the Ukrainian air force.