WIELICZKA

Wieliczka Map Wieliczka Polska Wieliczka Salt Mine Tours Wieliczka Salt Mine Photos Wieliczka Salt Mine Cathedral Wieliczka Salt Mine Official Website Kopalnia Soli Wieliczka Us Wieliczka




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| Wieliczka Map | Wieliczka Polska | Wieliczka Salt Mine Tours | Wieliczka Salt Mine Photos | Wieliczka Salt Mine Cathedral | Wieliczka Salt Mine Official Website | Kopalnia Soli Wieliczka | Us Wieliczka |

| Wieliczka | Wieliczka_County | Gmina_Wieliczka | Wieliczka_Salt_Mine | Brzegi,_Wieliczka_County | Janowice,_Wieliczka_County | Dobranowice,_Wieliczka_County | Brzezie,_Wieliczka_County | Zabawa,_Wieliczka_County | Winiary,_Wieliczka_County | Szczytniki,_Wieliczka_County | Podolany,_Wieliczka_County |

  1. Salt Mine Wieliczka - Includes several photographs of the mine and museum.
  2. Wieliczka Salt Works Museum - Located in the original underground excavations of the 700-year-old salt mine. In 1978 it was placed by UNESCO on the first List of World Cultural and Natural Heritage Sites.
  3. Modern History Sourcebook: The Salt Mines of Wieliczka - First-hand account of a visit to the mine in 1850.
  4. Mines of Poland: Wieliczka Salt Mine - Contains a brief timeline of the history of the mine, as well as tourist information.
  5. Modern History Sourcebook: The Salt Mines of Wieliczka - First-hand account of a visit to the mine in 1850.
  6. Wieliczka Salt Mine - Information about air pollution within the mine, and attempts to stop it.
  7. NOAA: Wieliczka Salt Mine - Information about the air resources laboratory run by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration [USA].
  8. Wieliczka Salt Mine - Contains a very short description and two photographs.
  9. UNESCO: Wieliczka Salt Mine - Information about the mine from UNESCO, as well as a report on conservation attempts within the mine.
  10. Schätze der Welt - Wieliczka - Kurze Angaben zum Salzbergwerk von Wieliczka.
  11. Salzbergwerk Wieliczka - Ausführliche Informationen zur Geschichte und Möglichkeiten zur Besichtigung des Bergwerks. Hinweise zum Kurbetrieb.
  12. Wieliczka - Information about the city Coat of Arms.
  13. Wielicar, Dealer Honda Wieliczka - Salon sprzedaży i serwis samochodów Honda.
  14. Hotel Turowka - Accommodation, gastronomy, events organization. Information about the hotel, price list, photo gallery.
  15. Gimnazjum w Dobranowicach - Informacje o szkole, uczniach, nauczycielach. Gimnazjum zlokalizowane jest w gminie Wieliczka.
  16. Tele Taxi Wieliczka - Strona Wielickiego Stowarzyszenia Tele Taxi.
  17. Biuletyn Informacji Publicznej Gminy Wieliczka - Władze, struktura Urzędu, prawo lokalne, zamówienia publiczne, jednostki organizacyjne i pomocnicze.
  18. Wieliczka, Urząd Miasta i Gminy - Informacje lokalne i samorządowe, prezentacja miasta, jego historia i zabytki, walory turystyczne, oświata, kultura i gospodarka.
  19. Wieliczka City - Portal miasta Wieliczka - Aktualności z Wieliczki i okolic, informacje dla turystów, galerie zdjęć, katalog lokalnych firm, ogłoszenia, forum dyskusyjne, kalendarz imprez i wiele innych.
  20. Taxi Wieliczka - Całodobowe usługi taxi w Wieliczce. Przewóz osob, zwierząt domowych, drobnych towarów. Dowóz zakupów. Dowóz paliwa. Holowanie, kable rozruchowe..


  21. [ Link Deletion Request ]



    Wieliczka


    Wieliczka
    Town
    Park in Wieliczka with church in background

    Coat of arms
    Wieliczka is located in Poland
    Wieliczka
    Coordinates: 49°59′22″N 20°3′58″E / 49.98944°N 20.06611°E / 49.98944; 20.06611
    Country  Poland
    Voivodeship Lesser Poland
    County Wieliczka County
    Gmina Gmina Wieliczka
    Established 1123-1127
    Town rights 1290
    Government
     • Mayor Artur Kozioł
    Area
     • Total 13.41 km2 (5.18 sq mi)
    Population (2010)
     • Total 20,075
     • Density 1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)
    Time zone CET (UTC+1)
     • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
    Postal code 32-020
    Area code(s) +48 12
    Car plates KWI
    Website http://www.wieliczka.gmina.pl

    Wieliczka [vʲɛˈlʲit͡ʂka] is a town (2006 population: 19,128) in southern Poland in the Kraków metropolitan area, and situated (since 1999) in Lesser Poland Voivodeship; previously, it was in Kraków Voivodeship (1975–1998). The town was founded in 1290 by Duke Premislas II of Poland.


    Wieliczka Geographic location


    The city of Wieliczka lies in the south central part of Poland, within the Małopolska region, in the Kraków area. The city is located 13 km (8.1 mi) to the southeast of Kraków. Under the town is the Wieliczka Salt Mine – one of the world's oldest operating salt mines (the oldest is at Bochnia, Poland, 20 km (12 mi) from Wieliczka), which has been in operation since prehistoric times.[1]

    The town lies in a valley between two ridges that stretch from west to east: south Wieliczka foothills, north Bogucice sands, including the Wieliczka-Gdów Upland. The south ridge is higher, while the northern ridge leads to national road 94. Near the town lies the A4 highway (E40 European route), which in a near future will connect Kraków to Ukraine. Despite the small area, the city's relative altitude accounts for more than 137 –m–: the highest mountain reaches 361,8 metres above the sea, and the lowest point lies at an altitude of 224 metres above sea level.


    Wieliczka History



    Wieliczka Medieval times

    The first settlers were probably from the Celtic tribes. In later years they were driven out by the Slavic population. The importance of mining deposits arose after the capital of Poland was moved from Gniezno to Kraków by Casimir I the Restorer. Brewing brought huge revenues, which the prince needed to maintain the court and rebuild the destroyed country. Systematic development of the mining settlement stopped the Tartar invasion, which destroyed Kraków and surroundings.

    After the 1252 discovery of of salt and potassium deposits extraction of salt from deep regions in the earth began. In the year 1289, Steward of Wieliczka.


    Wieliczka 17th to 18th century

    In 1651 the Wieliczka population was decimated by a plague. In the years 1655-1660, at the time of the Swedish invasion, the city was in economic decline. The mine was plundered and burned by the Swedes. The Swedish crew guarded the mine and the taxes were raised upon the population. Kamionna, Lesser Poland Voivodeship, where the Poles attacked the hill, and referred their victory.


    Wieliczka 18th to 19th century

    On 9 June 1772 the occupation of Wieliczka by the forces of the Austrian began. In 1809 Wieliczka was incorporated into the Duchy of Warsaw by the Austrians and so the Habsburgs regained the city after the fall of the Duchy and its partition by the Congress of Vienna. From then on the official German name Groß Salz became part of Galicia. In the time of the partition, unemployment arose because the Austrians brought modern equipment which caused a cease of production throughout the city and surrounding areas, due to low wages, forcing were dismiss en masse of Polish miners. That led to the arrival of German, Hungarian, Croatian and Transylvanian miners, changing so the ethnic composition of the city in favor of the immigrant population. After the outbreak of the uprising in 1846 in Kraków by Edward Dembowski, who became Secretary to Jan Tyssowski, the dictator of the revolution, the miners seized power in the Wieliczka salt mine. In the period of Galician autonomy there was a gradual development of the city. The mine became the largest in concentration of miners in Galicia. In the Nitra district, there were over 2000 workers employed.


    Wieliczka 20th to 21st century

    Only by the end of the nineteenth century there was public housing development. The city expanded with private money, mining built colonies (settlement for families of mining workers), a salinarną power plant (supplied electricity not only to the mine, but also to the city). In the inter-war period, Wieliczkaits saw the development of territorial area, new residential districts were formed until that in 1933 a miners' strike took place, due to the reduction of wages by 13%.

    On 7 September 1939 began the occupation of Poland by the German army, which entered the country coming from Slovakia. The city was crowded, as Wieliczka moved approximately 5.4 thousand people of Jewish origin to Kraków after the opening of the ghetto. On 21 January 1945 the Soviet army invaded Wieliczka. After World War II, began a period of systematic development of the city. In 1978 UNESCO decided to list Wielicką salt mine as a world cultural heritage. In 1994 the city was declared a historical monument.


    Wieliczka Sport



    Wieliczka International relations



    Wieliczka Twin towns – Sister cities

    Wieliczka is twinned with:[2]


    Wieliczka Gallery


    Downtown Wieliczka and Panorama
    Town Centre of Wieliczka, and the Church of St. Klemense. 
    Wieliczka panorama with a distant view of Łęg in Kraków. 
    The regional House Garden in Wieliczka. 
    Church of St. Sebastien in Wieliczka. 

    Wieliczka References


    1. ^ Jerzy Grzesiowski, Wieliczka: kopalnia, muzeum, zamek (Wieliczka: the Mine, the Museum, the Castle), 2nd ed., updated and augmented, Warsaw, Sport i Turystyka, 1987, ISBN 83-217-2637-2.
    2. ^ a b c d e "Wieliczka Miasta partnerskie" [Polish]. Urząd Miasta i Gminy Wieliczka. Retrieved 2013-06-25. 
    3. ^ "List of Twin Towns in the Ruhr District". Twins2010.com. 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-28. [dead link]
    Attribution
    This article incorporates information from the Polish Wikipedia.

    Wieliczka External links


    Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Wieliczka.

    Coordinates: 49°59′N 20°04′E / 49.983°N 20.067°E / 49.983; 20.067



    Wieliczka Map Wieliczka Polska Wieliczka Salt Mine Tours Wieliczka Salt Mine Photos Wieliczka Salt Mine Cathedral Wieliczka Salt Mine Official Website Kopalnia Soli Wieliczka Us Wieliczka

    | Wieliczka Map | Wieliczka Polska | Wieliczka Salt Mine Tours | Wieliczka Salt Mine Photos | Wieliczka Salt Mine Cathedral | Wieliczka Salt Mine Official Website | Kopalnia Soli Wieliczka | Us Wieliczka | Wieliczka | Wieliczka_County | Gmina_Wieliczka | Wieliczka_Salt_Mine | Brzegi,_Wieliczka_County | Janowice,_Wieliczka_County | Dobranowice,_Wieliczka_County | Brzezie,_Wieliczka_County | Zabawa,_Wieliczka_County | Winiary,_Wieliczka_County | Szczytniki,_Wieliczka_County | Podolany,_Wieliczka_County

    Copyright:
    Dieser Artikel basiert auf dem Artikel http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wieliczka aus der freien Enzyklopaedie http://en.wikipedia.org bzw. http://www.wikipedia.org und steht unter der Doppellizenz GNU-Lizenz fuer freie Dokumentation und Creative Commons CC-BY-SA 3.0 Unported. In der Wikipedia ist eine Liste der Autoren unter http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Wieliczka&action=history verfuegbar. Alle Angaben ohne Gewähr.

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